Unita di Oncologia

San Raffaele Cimena, Italy

Unita di Oncologia

San Raffaele Cimena, Italy

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Loupakis F.,University of Pisa | Ruzzo A.,Urbino University | Salvatore L.,University of Pisa | Cremolini C.,University of Pisa | And 16 more authors.
BMC Cancer | Year: 2011

Background: Molecular predictors of bevacizumab efficacy in colorectal cancer have not been identified yet. Specific VEGF polymorphisms may affect gene transcription and therefore indirectly influence the efficacy of bevacizumab.Methods: Genomic DNA of 111 consecutive metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with first-line FOLFIRI plus bevacizumab was obtained from blood samples. VEGF -2578 C/A, -1498 C/T, + 405 C/G, + 936 C/T polymorphisms were analyzed by means of PCR-RFLP. DNA samples from 107 patients treated with FOLFIRI alone served as historical control group. The relation of VEGF polymorphisms with PFS, evaluated through Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test, was the primary end-point. An interaction test with a Cox model has been performed in order to demonstrate the heterogeneity of the effect of VEGF -1498 C/T polymorphism between bevacizumab-and control group.Results: In the bevacizumab-group median PFS and OS of patients carrying VEGF -1498 C/C, C/T and T/T allelic variants were, respectively, 12.8, 10.5, 7.5 months (p = 0.0046, log-rank test) and 27.3, 20.5, 18.6 months (p = 0.038, log-rank test). VEGF -1498 T/T genotype was associated with shorter PFS (HR = 2.13, [1.41-5.10], p = 0.0027). In the control group no significant association of VEGF -1498 C/T allelic variants and PFS or OS was found. Interaction between VEGF -1498 C/T variants and treatment effect suggested that the relation of VEGF -1498 T/T genotype with shorter PFS was caused by the effect of bevacizumab (p = 0.011). Other investigated polymorphisms did not affect the outcome.Conclusions: These data suggest a possible role for VEGF -1498 C/T variants in predicting the efficacy of bevacizumab in the up-front treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer patients. A molecular tool for selecting subjects candidate to benefit from the anti-VEGF could be important for clinical practice. The retrospective and exploratory design of the present study, coupled with the non-randomized nature of the comparison between treated and untreated patients, imply that these results should be considered as hypothesis generators. A prospective validating trial is currently ongoing. © 2011 Loupakis et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Loupakis F.,Oncologia Medica 2 Universitaria | Loupakis F.,Instituto Toscano Tumori ITT | Antoniotti C.,Oncologia Medica 2 Universitaria | Antoniotti C.,Instituto Toscano Tumori ITT | And 23 more authors.
Pharmacogenomics Journal | Year: 2014

The number of CA tandem repeats (CA) n in a highly polymorphic region of EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) intron 1 may affect gene transcription; the potential impact of allelic variants on the efficacy of cetuximab in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients is debated for long. This study aimed at prospectively estimating the impact of EGFR intron 1 (CA) n variants on clinical outcome in KRAS exon 2 and BRAF wild-type chemo-refractory mCRC patients, receiving cetuximab and irinotecan. Variants presenting


Bassan R.,Unita Operativa Complessa di Ematologia | Maino E.,Unita Operativa Complessa di Ematologia | Cortelazzo S.,Unita di Oncologia
European Journal of Haematology | Year: 2016

Lymphoblastic lymphoma is a rare aggressive neoplasm of T-/B-precursors resembling acute lymphoblastic leukemia, with no or limited bone marrow involvement (<25%), that develops more frequently in children and young adults and is typically characterized by a grossly enlarged mediastinum, and whose diagnostic hallmark is the expression of a T-/B-precursor cell immunophenotype, the T-cell subset accounting for 90% of all cases. The adoption of pediatric-derived, intensive lymphoblastic leukemia-like protocols led to significantly improved results, with survival rates of about 70% and 90% in adults and children, respectively. Adequate central nervous system prophylaxis and mediastinal irradiation contributed to the therapeutic success; however, the role of radiation therapy is debated due to toxicity concerns and the excellent results obtained with radiation-free programs especially in pediatric patients. With these modern schedules, localized radiotherapy and/or hematopoietic stem cell transplants could be generally omitted, and considered only for high-risk patients identified through postinduction computed tomography/positron-emission tomography scans, minimal residual disease analysis, and new genetics and genomics. New clinical studies will have to confirm the value of these assays for risk-oriented therapy, while further therapeutic progress is expected from the introduction of new drugs and targeting agents. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S.


Olivieri A.,Marche Polytechnic University | Gini G.,Marche Polytechnic University | Bocci C.,Marche Polytechnic University | Montanari M.,Marche Polytechnic University | And 12 more authors.
Oncologist | Year: 2012

Background. Elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are a heterogeneous population; clinical trials have evaluated a minority of these patients. Patients and Methods. Ninety-one elderly patients with DLBCL received tailored treatment based on a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA). Three groups were identified: I, fit patients; II, patients with comorbidities; III, frail patients. Group I received 21-day cycles of rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP-21), group II received R-CHOP-21 with liposomal doxorubicin, and group III received 21-day cycles of reduced-dose CHOP. Fifty-four patients (59%) were allocated to group I, 22 (25%) were allocated to group II, and 15 (16%) were allocated to group III. Results. The complete response (CR) rates were 81.5% in group I, 64% in group II, and 60% in group III. With a median follow-up of 57 months, 42 patients are alive, with 41 in continuous CR: 31 patients (57%) in group I, seven patients (32%) in group II, and four patients (20%) in group III. The 5-year overall survival, event-free survival, and disease-free survival rates in all patients were 46%, 31%, and 41%, respectively. Multivariate analysis selected group I assignment as the main significant prognostic factor for outcome. Conclusions. This approach in an unselected population of elderly DLBCL patients shows that treatment tailored according to a CGA allows the evaluation of elderly patients who are currently excluded from clinical trials. ©AlphaMed Press.


PubMed | Unita Operativa Complessa di Ematologia and Unita di Oncologia
Type: Journal Article | Journal: European journal of haematology | Year: 2016

Lymphoblastic lymphoma is a rare aggressive neoplasm of T-/B-precursors resembling acute lymphoblastic leukemia, with no or limited bone marrow involvement (<25%), that develops more frequently in children and young adults and is typically characterized by a grossly enlarged mediastinum, and whose diagnostic hallmark is the expression of a T-/B-precursor cell immunophenotype, the T-cell subset accounting for 90% of all cases. The adoption of pediatric-derived, intensive lymphoblastic leukemia-like protocols led to significantly improved results, with survival rates of about 70% and 90% in adults and children, respectively. Adequate central nervous system prophylaxis and mediastinal irradiation contributed to the therapeutic success; however, the role of radiation therapy is debated due to toxicity concerns and the excellent results obtained with radiation-free programs especially in pediatric patients. With these modern schedules, localized radiotherapy and/or hematopoietic stem cell transplants could be generally omitted, and considered only for high-risk patients identified through postinduction computed tomography/positron-emission tomography scans, minimal residual disease analysis, and new genetics and genomics. New clinical studies will have to confirm the value of these assays for risk-oriented therapy, while further therapeutic progress is expected from the introduction of new drugs and targeting agents.


PubMed | Hospital of Pesaro, Urbino University, University of Southern California, Unita di Oncologia and 1 Oncologia Medica 2 Universitaria
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The pharmacogenomics journal | Year: 2014

The number of CA tandem repeats (CA)n in a highly polymorphic region of EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) intron 1 may affect gene transcription; the potential impact of allelic variants on the efficacy of cetuximab in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients is debated for long. This study aimed at prospectively estimating the impact of EGFR intron 1 (CA)n variants on clinical outcome in KRAS exon 2 and BRAF wild-type chemo-refractory mCRC patients, receiving cetuximab and irinotecan. Variants presenting

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