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Faghire M.,Cadi Ayyad University | Faghire M.,CSIC - Institute of Natural Resources and Agriculture Biology of Salamanca | Mandri B.,Cadi Ayyad University | Oufdou K.,Cadi Ayyad University | And 7 more authors.
Systematic and Applied Microbiology

Salinity is an increasing problem in Africa affecting rhizobia-legume symbioses. In Morocco, Phaseolus vulgaris is cultivated in saline soils and its symbiosis with rhizobia depends on the presence of osmotolerant strains in these soils. In this study, 32 osmotolerant rhizobial strains nodulating P. vulgaris were identified at the species and symbiovar levels by analysing core and symbiotic genes, respectively. The most abundant strains were closely related to Rhizobium etli and R. phaseoli and belonged to symbiovar phaseoli. A second group of strains was identified as R. gallicum sv gallicum. The remaining strains, identified as R. tropici, belonged to the CIAT 899 T nodC group, which has not yet been described as a symbiovar. In representative strains, the otsA gene involved in the accumulation of trehalose and putatively in osmotolerance was analysed. The results showed that the phylogeny of this gene was not completely congruent with those of other core genes, since the genus Ensifer was more closely related to some Rhizobium species than others. Although the role of the otsA gene in osmotolerance is not well established, it can be a useful protein-coding gene for phylogenetic studies in the genus Rhizobium, since the phylogenies of otsA and other core genes are coincident at the species level. © 2012 Elsevier GmbH. Source

Mandri B.,Unit of Plant Biotechnology and Symbiosis Agrophysiology | Mandri B.,Cadi Ayyad University | Mandri B.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Drevon J.-J.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Plant Nutrition

The improvement of common bean production requires the selection of effective rhizobia strains and Phaseolus vulgaris genotypes adapted to available soil phosphorus limitations. The interactions between bean genotypes and rhizobia were studied in hydroponic culture using six genotypes and four strains, CIAT899 as reference and three strains isolated from nodule of farmer's fields in the Marrakech region. The phosphorus (P) sub-deficiency caused a significant reduction on shoot biomass in some bean genotype-rhizobia combinations. Nodule biomass is significantly more reduced under P limitation for several combinations tested. Bean plants inoculated with these local rhizobial strains showed higher nodulation and an increase of nodules phytase and phosphatase activities under phosphorus sub-deficiency especially for RhM11 strain. It was concluded that the studied bean-rhizobia symbiosis differ in their adaptation to phosphorus sub-deficiency and the nodule phosphatases and phytases activities may constitute a strategy of nodulated bean plants to adapt their nitrogen fixation to P deficiency. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

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