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Milano, Italy

Cuccarini V.,Unit of Neuro Radiology | Erbetta A.,Unit of Neuro Radiology | Farinotti M.,Unit of Neuro Epidemiology | Cuppini L.,Unit of Molecular Neuro oncology | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Neuro-Oncology

MRI grading of grade II and III gliomas may have an important impact on treatment decisions. Occasionally, both conventional MRI (cMRI) and histology fail to clearly establish the tumour grade. Three cMRI features (no necrosis; no relevant oedema; absent or faint contrast enhancement) previously validated in 196 patients with supratentorial gliomas directed our selection of 68 suspected low-grade gliomas (LGG) that were also investigated by advanced MRI (aMRI), including perfusion weighted imaging (PWI), diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and spectroscopy. All the gliomas had histopathological diagnoses. Sensitivity and specificity of cMRI pre-operative diagnosis were 78.5 and 38.5 %, respectively, and 85.7 and 53.8 % when aMRI was included, respectively. ROC analysis showed that cut-off values of 1.29 for maximum rCBV, 1.69 for minimum rADC, 2.1 for rCho/Cr ratio could differentiate between LGG and HGG with a sensitivity of 61.5, 53.8, and 53.8 % and a specificity of 54.7, 43 and 64.3 %, respectively. A significantly longer OS was observed in patients with a maximum rCBV <1.46 and minimum rADC >1.69 (80 vs 55 months, p = 0.01; 80 vs 51 months, p = 0.002, respectively). This result was also confirmed when cases were stratified according to pathology (LGG vs HGG). The ability of aMRI to differentiate between LGG and HGG and to predict survival improved as the number of aMRI techniques considered increased. In a selected population of suspected LGG, classification by cMRI underestimated the actual fraction of HGG. aMRI slightly increased the diagnostic accuracy compared to histopathology. However, DWI and PWI were prognostic markers independent of histological grade. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York Source

Pellegatta S.,Unit of Molecular Neuro oncology | Pellegatta S.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Eoli M.,Unit of Molecular Neuro oncology | Frigerio S.,Cell Therapy Unit | And 15 more authors.

Recurrent glioblastomas (GBs) are highly aggressive tumors associated with a 6-8 mo survival rate. In this study, we evaluated the possible benefits of an immunotherapeutic strategy based on mature dendritic cells (DCs) loaded with autologous tumor-cell lysates in 15 patients affected by recurrent GB. The median progression-free survival (PFS) of this patient cohort was 4.4 mo, and the median overall survival (OS) was 8.0 mo. Patients with small tumors at the time of the first vaccination (< 20 cm3; n = 8) had significantly longer PFS and OS than the other patients (6.0 vs. 3.0 mo, p = 0.01; and 16.5 vs. 7.0 mo, p = 0.003, respectively). CD8+ T cells, CD56+ natural killer (NK) cells and other immune parameters, such as the levels of transforming growth factor β, vascular endothelial growth factor, interleukin-12 and interferon γ (IFNγ), were measured in the peripheral blood and serum of patients before and after immunization, which enabled us to obtain a vaccination/baseline ratio (V/B ratio). An increased V/B ratio for NK cells, but not CD8+ T cells, was significantly associated with prolonged PFS and OS. Patients exhibiting NK-cell responses were characterized by high levels of circulating IFNγ and E4BP4, an NK-cell transcription factor. Furthermore, the NK cell V/B ratio was inversely correlated with the TGFβ2 and VEGF V/B ratios. These results suggest that tumor-loaded DCs may increase the survival rate of patients with recurrent GB after effective tumor debulking, and emphasize the role of the NK-cell response in this therapeutic setting. © 2013 Landes Bioscience. Source

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