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San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy

Troiano G.,University of Foggia | Dioguardi M.,University of Foggia | Giannatempo G.,University of Foggia | Laino L.,University of Foggia | And 4 more authors.
Medical Principles and Practice | Year: 2015

Orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) is an uncommon disease characterized by persistent or recurrent soft tissue enlargement, oral ulceration and a variety of other orofacial features. It could be an oral manifestation of a systemic disease. For a correct differential diagnosis, local and systemic conditions characterized by granulomatous inflammation should be excluded using appropriate clinical and laboratory investigations. In fact, the diagnosis of OFG may be confirmed only by histopathological identification of noncaseating granulomas. The literature from 1943 to 2014 was reviewed with emphasis on the etiology of OFG and on clinical manifestations of systemic pathologies associated with OFG. The precise cause of OFG is still unknown, although several theories have been suggested, such as infection, hereditary factors and allergy. OFG is a disease that has a wide spectrum of presentation, which may include the oral manifestation of a systemic condition such as Crohn's disease, sarcoidosis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis and Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Saibene A.M.,University of Milan | Pipolo G.C.,University of Milan | Lozza P.,University of Milan | Maccari A.,University of Milan | And 6 more authors.
International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology | Year: 2014

Background: Odontogenic sinusitis and "sinonasal complications of dental disease or dental treatment" (SCDDT) have been assumed to be limited to the maxillary sinus. Nevertheless, many patients also show more extensive sinonasal involvement and, occasionally, also have associated bilateral disease. We evaluated the incidence of extramaxillary extension over an 11-year period in our clinic. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 315 surgically treated SCDDT patients. Sinonasal involvement was assessed with presurgical imaging and confirmed with intraoperative findings. Patients were subsequently categorized into 3 groups, based on the sinonasal extension. Results: In 40.3% of patients the sinonasal condition was limited to the maxillary sinus. Forty-one percent of patients had unilateral extramaxillary involvement, and in 18.7% of patients, we found bilateral involvement. Conclusion: Complete presurgery evaluation with endoscopy and a computed tomography (CT) scan in SCDDT patients is essential. SCDDT patients not responding to medical and dental treatment should be addressed with a planned approach targeting the extramaxillary extension, which may necessitate a combined oral and endonasal approach. It is unclear whether disease in the maxillary sinus contralateral to the primary maxillary sinus demonstrating odontogenic-induced disease is incidental, associated, or represents a subclinical odontogenic infection. © 2014 ARS-AAOA, LLC.

Marrelli M.,Unit of Maxillofacial Surgery | Paduano F.,Tecnologica Research Institute | Tatullo M.,Tecnologica Research Institute
Journal of Dental Research | Year: 2015

It was recently reported that human periapical cysts (hPCys), a commonly occurring odontogenic cystic lesion of inflammatory origin, contain mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with the capacity for self-renewal and multilineage differentiation. In this study, periapical inflammatory cysts were compared with dental pulp to determine whether this tissue may be an alternative accessible tissue source of MSCs that retain the potential for neurogenic differentiation. Flow cytometry and immunofluorescence analysis indicated that hPCy-MSCs and dental pulp stem cells spontaneously expressed the neuron-specific protein β-III tubulin and the neural stem-/astrocyte-specific protein glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in their basal state before differentiation occurs. Furthermore, undifferentiated hPCy-MSCs showed a higher expression of transcripts for neuronal markers (β-III tubulin, NF-M, MAP2) and neural-related transcription factors (MSX-1, Foxa2, En-1) as compared with dental pulp stem cells. After exposure to neurogenic differentiation conditions (neural media containing epidermal growth factor [EGF], basic fibroblast growth factor [bFGF], and retinoic acid), the hPCy-MSCs showed enhanced expression of β-III tubulin and GFAP proteins, as well as increased expression of neurofilaments medium, neurofilaments heavy, and neuron-specific enolase at the transcript level. In addition, neurally differentiated hPCy-MSCs showed upregulated expression of the neural transcription factors Pitx3, Foxa2, Nurr1, and the dopamine-related genes tyrosine hydroxylase and dopamine transporter. The present study demonstrated for the first time that hPCy-MSCs have a predisposition toward the neural phenotype that is increased when exposed to neural differentiation cues, based on upregulation of a comprehensive set of proteins and genes that define neuronal cells. In conclusion, these results provide evidence that hPCy-MSCs might be another optimal source of neural/glial cells for cell-based therapies to treat neurologic diseases. © International & American Associations for Dental Research 2015.

Salgarelli A.C.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Robiony M.,University of Udine | Consolo U.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Collini M.,Unit of Maxillofacial Surgery | Bellini P.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery | Year: 2011

Ultrasonic bone-cutting surgery has been introduced as a feasible alternative to the conventional sharp instruments used in craniomaxillofacial surgery because of its precision and safety. The device used is unique in that the cutting action occurs when the tool is used on mineralized tissues and stops on soft tissues. This work describes the use of piezosurgery for hyoid bone resection in thyroglossal duct cyst surgery, briefly reviews the literature on the surgical technique, and reports our experience with 12 cases. Copyright © 2011 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.

Montebugnoli L.,University of Bologna | Leonardi E.,University of Bologna | Morandi L.,University of Bologna | Farnedi A.,University of Bologna | And 7 more authors.
Head and Neck | Year: 2014

Background Histological and clinical criteria are generally used to differentiate second primary tumors (SPTs) from local recurrences. The purpose of the present study was to apply mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) D-loop analysis to differentiate SPTs from local recurrences and to validate the clinical classification. Methods The study population consisted of 20 consecutive patients presenting multiple oral neoplastic lesions for a total of 25 paired lesions. The mtDNA D-loop analysis was performed by direct sequencing and phylogenetic clusterization. Results Agreement between mtDNA analysis and clinical classification was found in 19 cases. Discrepancies arose in 6 cases in which the clinical criteria based only on the spatial or temporal distance of the second lesion from the index tumor had led to a diagnosis of SPT (2 cases) or local recurrence (4 cases). Conclusion The present data highlight the value of mtDNA analysis in establishing the clonal relationship between the index tumor and the second neoplastic lesion. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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