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San Raffaele Cimena, Italy

Bertilaccio M.T.S.,Laboratory of Lymphoid Malignancies | Scielzo C.,Laboratory of Lymphoid Malignancies | Scielzo C.,University of Milan | Simonetti G.,Laboratory of B Cell Neoplasia | And 14 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2010

Easily reproducible animal models that allow for study of the biology of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and to test new therapeutic agents have been very difficult to establish. We have developed a novel transplantable xenograft murine model of CLL by engrafting the CLL cell line MEC1 into Rag2 -/-γc-/- mice. These mice lack B, T, and natural killer (NK) cells, and, in contrast to nude mice that retain NK cells, appear to be optimal recipient for MEC1 cells, which were successfully transplanted through either subcutaneous or intravenous routes. The result is a novel in vivo model that has systemic involvement, develops very rapidly, allows the measurement of tumor burden, and has 100% engraftment efficiency. This model closely resembles aggressive human CLL and could be very useful for evaluating both the biologic basis of CLL growth and dissemination as well as the efficacy of new therapeutic agents. © 2010 by The American Society of Hematology. Source

Ferreri A.J.M.,Unit of Lymphoid Malignancies | Govi S.,Unit of Lymphoid Malignancies | Ponzoni M.,Unit of Lymphoid Malignancies | Ponzoni M.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute
Current Opinion in Oncology | Year: 2013

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review is focused on the effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication with antibiotics in patients with primary gastric lymphomas of indolent and aggressive nature. RECENT FINDINGS: Gastrointestinal lymphoma is the most common form of extranodal lymphoma, involving primarily the stomach in 60-75% of cases. The most common histological subtypes are diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT)-type. H. pylori infection has been implicated in the pathogenesis of gastric MALT lymphoma; its role in gastric DLBCL remains controversial. Recently, international guidelines established that patients with gastric MALT lymphoma should be treated with upfront H. pylori-eradicating antibiotic therapy and that residual microscopic or molecular disease does not need for additional antiblastic treatment. The excellent prognosis of patients with gastric DLBCL managed with conservative chemo-radiotherapy led some investigators to test H. pylori eradication as exclusive treatment in prospective trials, keeping chemo-radiotherapy for unresponsive patients. This conservative strategy was well tolerated and active in patients with limited-stage DLBCL (±MALT areas) of the stomach. SUMMARY: H. pylori eradication is a suitable strategy as exclusive upfront treatment for both patients with MALT-type lymphomas or with DLBCL of the stomach. Additional trials are needed to elucidate related controversial issues. © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Scielzo C.,Unit of Lymphoid Malignancies | Scielzo C.,University of Milan | Ten Hacken E.,Unit of Lymphoid Malignancies | Bertilaccio M.T.S.,Unit of Lymphoid Malignancies | And 9 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2010

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is characterized by the accumulation in primary and secondary lymphoid tissues of CD5B cells that have the same B cell receptor (BCR) rearrangement. Genetic alterations and different stimuli originating from the microenvironment cooperate in the selection and expansion of the malignant clone. Molecular and functional analyses suggest that stimulation through the BCR affects the destiny of leukemic cells in terms of life or death. Microenvironmental signals are crucial for this process, inducing proliferation and leading to the survival and accumulation of leukemic cells within lymphoid organs. Nevertheless, a number of major biological issues still remain to be solved, including the relationships between cell proliferation and cell accumulation within lymphoid organs as well as the mechanisms that regulate CLL cell migration and recirculation between peripheral blood and lymphoid tissues. We focused on the role played by the cytoskeleton, given its relevance in controlling cellular shape, mobility, and homing. We hypothesize that hematopoietic cell-specific Lyn substrate 1 (HS1), a putative prognostic marker in CLL that interacts with distinct cytoskeleton adapters in leukemic B-lymphocytes, could regulate the CLL cell cytoskeleton. © 2010 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Ferreri A.J.M.,Unit of Lymphoid Malignancies | Bruno-Ventre M.,Unit of Lymphoid Malignancies | Donadoni G.,Unit of Lymphoid Malignancies | Ponzoni M.,Unit of Lymphoid Malignancies | And 8 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology | Year: 2015

Summary: The most effective strategy to prevent central nervous system (CNS) dissemination in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) remains an important, unmet clinical need. Herein, we report a retrospective analysis of risk-tailored CNS prophylaxis in 200 human immunodeficiency virus-negative adults with DLBCL treated with rituximab-CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone) or similar. High risk of CNS relapse was defined by involvement of specific extranodal organs, or simultaneous presence of advanced stage and high serum lactate dehydrogenase level; CNS prophylaxis with high-dose methotrexate ± intrathecal chemotherapy (IT) was routinely used in high-risk patients diagnosed after 2007. CNS relapse risk was low in 93 patients and high in 107; 40 high-risk patients received prophylaxis, which consisted of IT alone in 7. At a median follow-up of 60 months, one low-risk and nine high-risk patients (1% vs. 8%; P = 0·01) experienced CNS relapse. In the high-risk group, CNS relapses occurred in 8/67 (12%) patients who did not receive prophylaxis and in 1/40 (2·5%) patients who did; the latter occurred in a patient managed with IT alone. CNS relapse rate was 12% (9/74) for patients treated with "inadequate" prophylaxis (none or IT only) and 0% (0/33) for patients managed with intravenous prophylaxis (P = 0·03). In conclusion, high-dose methotrexate-based prophylaxis significantly reduces CNS failures in high-risk patients stratified by involvement of specific extranodal sites and International Prognostic Index. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

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