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Cardenosa E.E.,University of Valencia | Gilabert P.B.,University of Valencia | De Juan Jimenez I.,University of Valencia | Suela S.P.,University of Valencia | And 9 more authors.
Familial Cancer

The aim of the present study is to analyze the relationship of the incidence of mutations in the two major genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 conferring risk of breast cancer (BC) and ovarian cancer (OC) with the cancer burden in families and with the presence and age of onset of BC/OC. We included 704 index patients (IP) and 668 family members of the IP who tested positive for BRCA1/BRCA2 who were studied in the Program of Genetic Counselling in Cancer of the Valencia Community (Spain). We found 129 IPs with deleterious mutations (18.3%), 59 in BRCA1 and 70 in BRCA2, detecting 396 mutations in this kindred. The incidence of mutations and their distribution between BRCA1 and BRCA2 showed a significantly uneven incidence among the family groups (P < 0.001). We found 179 tumors in the 396 mutation carriers (45%) and detected only 11 cancers among the 272 non-mutation carriers (P < 0.001). No differences in the tumor prevalence or the age of onset of cancer between the genes among the mutation carriers were found. The mutation carriers showed a 50% probability of having BC/OC at a median age of 49 years (95% CI 46-52 years) and 78% at the age of 70 years (95% CI: 71-85%). In conclusion the family burden of BC and OC is strongly associated with the incidence of BRCAs mutations and could foretell which of the two BRCAs genes is more likely to have mutations. Mutation carriers have a 50% risk of having BC/OC by the age of 50 years. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010. Source

De Juan Jimenez I.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | Esteban Cardenosa E.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | Palanca Suela S.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | Barragan Gonzalez E.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | And 9 more authors.
Familial Cancer

The true prevalence of BRCA1/BRCA2 (BRCAs) germline mutations in sporadic breast or ovarian cancer (SBC/SOC) in Caucasian population is not well established. The aim of the study is to establish the prevalence of BRCAs mutations in SBC to ponder its relevance in the programs of genetic counseling in cancer and to explore the genotype-phenotype relationship of these particular breast cancers. The study was performed in 495 SBC. We sought 46 BRCA1 and 53 BRCA2 pathogenic mutations reported in the Spanish population. We followed a high resolution melting method performed in the LightCycler 480 (Roche Diagnostics) for the screening of these Spanish mutations using 49 primer pairs. Eight different deleterious mutations, one of them novel, were detected in nine patients, five without family history of BC/OC, what yields a true prevalence of 1.05% for BRCAs mutations in SBC. Furthermore, we found 18 unknown variants. Larger tumour size (T > 1) and earlier presentation are the independent parameters associated with the presence of BRCAs pathogenic mutations in SBC (P < 0.01) and the BRCA1 mutations carriers develop steroid-receptors negative tumors. Our results indicate that the true prevalence of BRCAs germline deleterious mutations in SBC of Spaniards is low. However, this does not lessens its relevance since the presence of BRCAs mutations in SBC could represent circa 16% of total BRCAs mutations detected in BC. SBCs of BRCAs mutation carriers have phenotype more aggressiveness than SBC without BRCAs mutation. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

Palanca Suela S.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | Esteban Cardenosa E.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | Barragan Gonzalez E.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | De Juan Jimenez I.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | And 7 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

The polymorphic genetic differences among individuals may modify the high risk for breast cancer (BC) and/or ovarian cancer (OC) susceptibility conferred by BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations. In the present study we investigate the relevance of RAD51 -135C > G, TP53 R72P, NQO1*2 and CASP8 D302H polymorphisms as potential modifiers of BC and/or OC susceptibility conferred by these mutations. The study group encompasses 390 BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation carriers (182 affected with BC and/or OC and 208 unaffected) of 131 unrelated families studied in the Program of Genetic Counselling on Cancer of Valencia Community. The polymorphisms were detected in genomic DNA by ASRA method or real time PCR using fluorescently labeled probes. We found similar incidence of RAD51 -135C > G, TP53 R72P and NQO1*2 polymorphisms among affected and unaffected individuals considering BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations together and separately. However, the CASP8 D302H polymorphism was strongly associated with the absence of BC [OR = 3.41 (95% CI 1.33-8.78, P = 0.01)]. In fact, in the females with CASP8 D302H polymorphism the BC appeared at a median age of 58 in opposition to the 47 years observed for the wild type subjects (P = 0.03). Furthermore, the CASP8 D302H positive females showed a 50% probability of being free of BC by the age of 78 versus the 2% of the CASP8 negative ones. Our results support that the presence of the CASP8 D302H polymorphism diminishes the high risk of BC conferred by BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations, making possible that some of the carriers could escape from suffering BC along their life span. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

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