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Lepore G.,Unit of Endocrine Disease and Diabetology | Bozzetto L.,University of Naples Federico II | Corsi A.,Unit of Diabetology and Endocrinology | Di Blasi V.,University of Salerno | And 7 more authors.
Acta Diabetologica | Year: 2015

Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) use in pediatric and adult age groups.Methods: Data were collected with a questionnaire sent by e-mail to CSII-experienced Diabetes Centers. The questionnaire assessed: (1) number of CSII-treated patients; (2) patient demographic data and characteristics; (3) structure and organization of Diabetes Centers providing CSII therapy; (4) pump characteristics (conventional pump, sensor-augmented pump); and (5) CSII dropouts. Results: A total of 217 out of 1093 Italian centers participated: 51 pediatric (23.5 %) and 166 (76.5 %) adult centers (AP). Compared to a survey performed in 2005, there was a significant increase in the number of pediatric units when compared to adult units (112 vs 37 %, respectively, p < 0.05). Pediatric age is characterized by a greater concern for quality of life and injections, and a higher dropout rate (10.6 vs 8.9 %) mainly related to pump wearability and site reactions. A complete diabetes-care team is associated with a superior use of technology (fewer dropouts, increased CGM and advanced bolus use) which is, however, still used in a small percentage of patients. Conclusions: In Italy, the number of CSII-treated pediatric patients (PP) is growing more significantly when compared to adults. Only 60 % of all patients are using advanced functions and 20 % are using CGMs continuously. This confirms the great interest in diabetes technology that is growing in pediatric diabetologists. However, much improvement is warranted in the organization and specialized training of pediatric, adult and transitional facilities. © 2015 Springer-Verlag Italia Source

Bruttomesso D.,University of Padua | Laviola L.,University of Bari | Lepore G.,Unit of Endocrine Diseases and Diabetology | Bonfanti R.,San Raffaele Scientific Institute | And 8 more authors.
Diabetes Technology and Therapeutics | Year: 2015

Background: Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) is increasing worldwide, mostly because of improved technology. The aim of this study was to evaluate the current status of CSII in Italy. Materials and Methods: Physicians from 272 diabetes centers received a questionnaire investigating clinical features, pump technology, and management of patients on CSII. Results: Two hundred seventeen centers (79.8%) joined the study and, by the end of April 2013, gave information about 10,152 patients treated with CSII: 98.2% with type 1 diabetes mellitus, 81.4% adults, 57% female, and 61% with a conventional pump versus 39% with a sensor-augmented pump. CSII advanced functions were used by 68% of patients, and glucose sensors were used 12 days per month on average. Fifty-eight percent of diabetes centers had more than 20 patients on CSII, but there were differences among centers and among regions. The main indication for CSII was poor glucose control. Dropout was mainly due to pump wearability or nonoptimal glycemic control. Twenty-four hour assistance was guaranteed in 81% of centers. A full diabetes team (physician+nurse+dietician+psychologist) was available in 23% of adult-care diabetes centers and in 53% of pediatric diabetes units. Conclusions: CSII keeps increasing in Italy. More work is needed to ensure uniform treatment strategies throughout the country and to improve pump use. © Copyright 2015, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2015. Source

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