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Castellammare di Stabia, Italy

Barresi V.,Messina University | Branca G.,Messina University | Ieni A.,Messina University | Reggiani Bonetti L.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | And 3 more authors.
Virchows Archiv | Year: 2014

The practical use of histological factors such as submucosal (SM) invasion depth, poor differentiation, presence of lymphovascular invasion (LVI) and tumour budding to establish the risk of nodal dissemination in pT1 colorectal cancer (CRC) is limited by their low standardization and high inter-observer variability. It was recently suggested that the presence in CRC histological sections of poorly differentiated clusters (PDCs), defined as ≥5 cancer cells with no gland formation, may predict the metastatic potential of CRC. In addition, PDC assessment was shown to be more reproducible than the evaluation of the other aforementioned histological predictors. Hence, in this study, we investigated and compared the predictive value of PDC and other histological parameters on the risk of nodal involvement in pT1 CRC. The presence of PDC, SM invasion depth ≥1,000 μm and LVI was significantly associated with N+ status in pT1 CRC (P<0.0001). Among these parameters, SM invasion depth had the highest sensitivity to identify N+ pT1 CRC but with the lowest specificity. When the analysis was restricted to CRCs with SM invasion depth ≥1,000 μm, the presence of PDC was the only independent risk factor for nodal metastases and allowed the identification of 87.5 % of N+ cancers. In conclusion, in this study, we demonstrate that the presence of PDC is associated with the metastatic potential of pT1 CRC. The combination of this parameter with SM invasion depth may allow identifying most of the pT1 CRC with nodal metastases. © 2014 Springer-Verlag. Source


Barresi V.,Gaetano Barresi | Bonetti L.R.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Ieni A.,Gaetano Barresi | Branca G.,Gaetano Barresi | And 2 more authors.
Human Pathology | Year: 2014

Histologic grading is commonly assessed in colorectal cancer preoperative biopsies. Nevertheless, its clinical impact is limited by low interobserver reproducibility and poor concordance with grading found in the final resection specimen. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the reproducibility, accuracy, and predictive value on lymph node status or pTNM stage of a novel grading system based on the number of poorly differentiated clusters in colorectal cancer preoperative endoscopic biopsies. Grading based on counting poorly differentiated clusters was assessed in 163 colorectal cancer endoscopic biopsies and corresponding surgical specimens. With this system, 152 biopsies could be graded with good interobserver agreement (κ = 0.735). In comparison with the surgical specimens, 75% of colorectal cancers were correctly graded in the biopsy, and 81% of poorly differentiated colorectal cancers were identified at initial biopsy. High poorly differentiated clusters grade in the biopsy was significantly associated with nodal metastasis, high pTNM stage (P <.0001), or histologic features suggestive of more aggressive behavior (tumor budding, perineural invasion, vascular invasion, and infiltrating tumor border) in the surgical specimen. Furthermore, this system identified colorectal cancer with nodal involvement or high pTNM stage with a 78% positive predictive value and 71% and 69% negative predictive values, respectively. Our findings suggest that a grading system based on the quantification of poorly differentiated clusters is feasible in most colorectal cancer endoscopic biopsies. In view of its good reproducibility, accuracy, and predictive value on the anatomical extent of the disease, it may be taken into account for decision-making in colorectal cancer treatment. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source


Barresi V.,Messina University | Barresi V.,Policlinico Universitario rtino | Di Gregorio C.,Unit of Anatomic Pathology | Regiani-Bonetti L.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | And 3 more authors.
Virchows Archiv | Year: 2010

Tumornodemetastasis (TNM) stage I colorectal cancer is commonly characterized by a good prognosis, with 5-year survival around 8090%; nonetheless, it undergoes disease progression in a percentage of cases, although the causes of adverse clinical course still remain to be elucidated. In the present study, we analyzed and compared the immunohistochemical expression of the proangiogenic vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) as well as the microvessel density (MVD) in a series of 27 surgically resected colorectal carcinomas obtained from patients deceased because of disease progression and in a cohort of 25 colorectal cancers from patients still alive with no evidence of disease progression 5 years after the initial diagnosis. The prognostic value of VEGF expression and of MVD on the overall survival to colorectal cancer was investigated. A variable VEGF immunoexpression was demonstrated in all the analyzed cases. High VEGF expression was significantly more frequent among patients deceased of the disease. These patients also displayed significantly higher MVD counts in their cancer in comparison to the patients alive after 5 years from surgery. Moreover, both high VEGF expression and MVD appeared as significant negative prognostic markers related to a shorter overall survival to stage I colorectal carcinoma, with VEGF representing an independent variable at multivariate analysis. VEGF assessment might be used in order to select those patients with a higher progression risk and to submit them to adjuvant therapies useful to prevent adverse outcome. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source


Collina G.,Unit of Anatomic Pathology
Pathologica | Year: 2011

Desmoplastic melanomas in an unusual variant of melanoma that usually occurs in sun-damaged skin of elderly people. Desmoplasia may be the prominent features of the lesion or represent a portion of an otherwise non-desmoplastic melanoma; these latter are called "combined" desmoplastic melanoma. Desmoplastic melanomas of the vulva are rare. Herein, we report a case of "combined" DM of the labia minor consisting of a superficial spitzoid component and a deeper spindle desmoplastic component. Protein S-100 expression was ubiquitous, while MART-1 and HMB-45 were limited to the superficial spitzoid component and were negative in desmoplastic areas. Notably, the nodal metastasis retained the same biphasic pattern seen in the primary tumour. The patient died of widespread metastatic disease 3 years after diagnosis. Source


Barresi V.,Messina University | Di Gregorio C.,Unit of Anatomic Pathology | Reggiani-Bonetti L.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Ieni A.,Messina University | And 2 more authors.
Human Pathology | Year: 2011

TNM stage I colorectal cancer is commonly characterized by a good prognosis, with 5-year survival of around 80% to 90%. Nonetheless, disease progression occurs in a percentage of cases, although the causes of an adverse clinical course still remain to be clarified. In the present study, we analyzed and compared the immunohistochemical expression of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, an iron-binding protein, which is involved in colorectal cancer progression, in series a of 29 surgically resected colorectal carcinomas obtained from patients who died of the disease and in a cohort of 22 colorectal cancers from patients alive 5 years after the initial diagnosis. The prognostic value of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin expression on the overall survival to colorectal cancer was investigated. Variable neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin immunoexpression was demonstrated in 23 of the 51 analyzed cases, with a significantly higher frequency of positive cases among patients who died of the disease. Moreover, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin expression appeared to be a significant independent negative prognostic marker related to shorter overall survival in stage I colorectal carcinoma. If our findings are confirmed in further analyses, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin assessment might be used to select patients with a higher risk of progression and to find adjuvant therapies for the prevention of adverse outcomes. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. Source

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