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Zürich, Switzerland

Scemama C.,University of Paris Descartes | Dora C.,Uniklinik Balgrist | Langlois J.,University of Paris Descartes | Hamadouche M.,University of Paris Descartes
International Orthopaedics | Year: 2015

Purpose: Highly cross-linked polyethylenes (PE) have been developed with encouraging results in terms of wear. Another body of the literature has indicated potential catastrophic failures related to reduced fatigue properties and oxidation. Each PE available on the market has its own processing characteristics. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the minimum five-year wear properties of an original highly cross-linked PE in a consecutive series of primary THAs. Methods: Between August 2005 and December 2007, 80 patients with a mean age of 62.7 years were included. All patients had a 28-mm CoCr femoral head articulating with a highly cross-linked insert (Highcross®, Medacta SA) that was 100 Mrads gamma radiated, remelted at 150 °C, and ethylene oxide sterilized. The primary criterion for evaluation was the femoral head penetration, as measured by Hip Analysis Suite software. The steady state wear was also calculated. Functional results were evaluated according to the WOMAC score. Results: Complete data were available for analysis in 67 patients at a mean follow-up of 5.5 years. The mean femoral head penetration was 0.128 ± 0.62 mm and the steady state wear was−0.025 ± 0.22 mm/year. The WOMAC score significantly decreased from 16.5 ± 5.93 pre-operatively to 4.12 ± 5.5 at the latest follow-up (p <0.001). Conclusions: The minimal five-year results of this retrospective study indicate that this particular highly cross-linked and remelted polyethylene had a low wear rate. Longer-term results are needed to warrant that these mid-term data will generate less osteolysis and resultant aseptic loosening. © 2014, SICOT aisbl. Source

Nousiainen M.T.,Holland Orthopaedic and Arthritic Center | Omoto D.M.,Holland Orthopaedic and Arthritic Center | Zingg P.O.,Uniklinik Balgrist | Weil Y.A.,Hadassah University Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND: Femoral neck fractures are among the most common orthopaedic injuries impacting the health care system. Surgical management of such fractures with cannulated screws is a commonly performed procedure. The acquisition of surgical skills necessary to perform this procedure typically involves learning on real patients with fluoroscopic guidance. This study attempts to determine if a novel computer-navigated training model improves the learning of this basic surgical skill. METHODS: A multicenter, prospective, randomized, and controlled study was conducted using surgical trainees with no prior experience in surgically managing femoral neck fractures. After a training session, participants underwent a pretest by performing the surgical task (screw placement) on a simulated hip fracture using fluoroscopic guidance. Immediately after, participants were randomized into either undergoing a training session using conventional fluoroscopy or computer-based navigation. Immediate posttest, retention (4 weeks later), and transfer tests were performed. Performance during the tests was determined by radiographic analysis of hardware placement. RESULTS: Screw placement by trainees was ultimately equal to the level of an expert surgeon with either training technique. Participants who trained with computer navigation took fewer attempts to position hardware and used less fluoroscopy time than those trained with fluoroscopy. When those trained with fluoroscopy used computer navigation at the transfer test, less fluoroscopy time and dosage was used. The concurrent augmented feedback provided by computer navigation did not affect the learning of this basic surgical skill in surgical novices. No compromise in learning occurred if the surgical novice trained with one type of technology and transferred to using the other. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggest that computer navigation may be safely used to train surgical novices in a basic procedure. This model avoids using both live patients and harmful radiation without a compromise in the acquisition of a 3-dimensional technical skill. Copyright © 2013 by Lippincott Williams &Wilkins. Source

Schweizer A.,Uniklinik Balgrist
Swiss Medical Weekly | Year: 2012

Rock climbing, sport climbing and bouldering are highly popular new sport disciplines. An increasing number of indoor climbing gyms throughout the country offer the possibility to perform the sport regularly independently from the weather. As a result a variety of new pathologies like the closed flexor tendon pulley rupture of the finger and syndromes caused by overuse mainly in the upper extremity have appeared and should be familiar to physicians and therapists working in the field of sports medicine. An overview of the most common and most specific climbing related injuries as well as their diagnosis and treatment options with a focus on the upper extremity are presented. Source

Krause F.G.,University of Bern | Klammer G.,Uniklinik Balgrist | Benneker L.M.,University of Bern | Werlen S.,Klinik Sonnenhof | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Orthopaedic Research | Year: 2010

Pes cavovarus affects the ankle biomechanics and may lead to ankle arthrosis. Quantitative T2 STAR (T2) magnetic resonance (MR) mapping allows high resolution of thin cartilage layers and quantitative grading of cartilage degeneration. Detection of ankle arthrosis using T2* mapping in cavovarus feet was evaluated. Eleven cavovarus patients with symptomatic ankle arthrosis (13 feet, mean age 55.6 years, group 1), 10 cavovarus patients with no or asymptomatic, mild ankle arthrosis (12 feet, mean age 41.8 years, group 2), and 11 controls without foot deformity (18 feet, mean age 29.8 years, group 3) had quantitative T2* MR mapping. Additional assessment included plain radiographs and the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score (groups 1 and 2 only). Mean global T2* relaxation time was significantly different between groups 1 and 2 (p = 0.001) and groups 1 and 3 (p = 0.017), but there was no significance for decreased global T2* values in group 2 compared to group 3 (p = 0.345). Compared to the medial compartment T2* values of the lateral compartment were significantly (p = 0.025) higher within group 1. T2* values in the medial ankle joint compartment of group 2 were significantly lower than those of group 1 (p = 0.019). Ankle arthrosis on plain radiographs and the AOFAS score correlated significantly with T2* values in the medial compartment of group 1 (p = 0.04 and 0.039, respectively). Biochemical, quantitative T2* MR mapping is likely effective to evaluate ankle arthrosis in cavovarus feet but further studies are required. © 2010 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Ciurea A.,University of Zurich | Scherer A.,Swiss Clinical Quality Management Foundation | Weber U.,King Christian 10th Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases | Exer P.,Private Practice | And 9 more authors.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases | Year: 2015

Objectives To investigate the impact of smoking on the response to treatment with a first tumour necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) in a real-life cohort. Methods Patients fulfilling the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) classification criteria for axSpA in the Swiss Clinical Quality Management Cohort were included in this study. The potential association between smoking status and differential response to TNFi in terms of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) and the Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) was analysed using multiple adjusted longitudinal mixed effect models. Binary response rates at 1 year were assessed with multiple adjusted logistic analyses. Results A first TNFi was initiated in 698 patients with axSpA with available smoking status and a baseline or follow-up BASDAI assessment, of which 490 (70%) had complete covariate data. In comparison to non-smokers, current smokers demonstrated significantly smaller reductions in BASDAI and ASDAS scores upon treatment with TNFi (0.75 BASDAI units and 0.69 ASDAS units less, p=0.005 and 0.001, respectively) for patients with elevated baseline C-reactive protein (CRP) level. This effect was numerically smaller in patients with normal CRP. The odds for reaching a 50% improvement in BASDAI response or the ASAS criteria for 40% improvement after 1 year were significantly lower in current smokers than in non-smokers (0.54, 95% CI 0.31 to 0.95, p=0.03 and 0.43, 95% CI 0.24 to 0.76, p=0.004, respectively). Conclusions Current smoking is associated with an impaired response to TNFi in axSpA. © 2015 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & European League Against Rheumatism. Source

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