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Xanxerê, Brazil

The Environmental Protection Areas (APAs) were created to protect the environment of Areas of Permanent Protection, when the expropriation of land or the transfer of residents were unfeasible. The deployment experience of APAs, however, has been disappointing. Based on the analysis of a concrete situation of trying to implement a APA in the city of Ipuaçu this article aims to conduct a theoretical and methodological reflection that can contribute to the formulation of management plans for Areas of Environmental Protection. After conducting a review of the literature on Complexity Theory and Critical Realism, demonstrating its impact on the concept and and the promotion of sustainable development, the article discuss the elaboration of a proposal for an APA in the city of Ipuaçu and the reasons for its rejection by the local population. From the comparison between the literature review and the analysis of the situation of the municipality are formulated some methodological principles, that consider the sustainable development as an evolutionary and open process, can promote significant contributions to overcome difficulties in the implementation of APAs.

Introduction: Benzodiazepines are among the most prescribed drugs for anxiety and one of the most used drug classes in the world and have a high potential for addiction. The objective of this study was to assess levels of dependence and anxiety among users of these drugs in the public health system. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive and quantitative study. Benzodiazepine users treated on the public health system were selected. Anxiety levels were assessed with the Hamilton Anxiety Scale and dependency with the Benzodiazepine Dependence Self-Report Questionnaire. Results: Benzodiazepine use was higher among women and in older age groups. Duration of benzodiazepine use was greater than 1 year for all respondents. The dependence assessment indicated that more than half of users were dependent on taking benzodiazepines and most had a severe degree of anxiety. Conclusion: This study found evidence of prolonged and inappropriate use of benzodiazepines. It is necessary to educate users about the risks of these drugs and to develop strategies to rationalize use of these drugs by working with prescribers and dispensers. © 2016, Sociedade de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul. All rights reserved.

Toledo N.T.,UNIJUI | Muller A.G.,Embrapa Cerrado | Berto J.L.,UNIJUI | Mallmann C.E.S.,UNIJUI
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2010

The present study was carried out to adjust the soy population development model and the leaf area index model for the IAS 5 cultivar. Different sowing dates were used in two experiments as source of development variation during 2004/ 2005 (three dates) and 2005/2006 (four dates) in the IRDeR (Instituto Regional de Desenvolvimento Rural) located in Augusto Pestana, in the State of Rio Grande do Sul (28° 27' 17" S and 53° 54' 50" W). The main crop development phases were identified according to the Feher & Caviness phenological scale, and the leaf area index was determined in four occasions: at the final period of plant population installation (V6); at the beginning of flowering (R1); at the beginning of seed filling (R5), and at the beginning of maturation (R7). The minimum and maximum temperatures were obtained daily. After the adjustment of the genetic coefficients, the model was formatted using the program Stella 5.0. The soy development model presented a suitable performance, precise estimates from the original data. The leaf area index model also presented satisfactory estimation.

Winkelmann E.R.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Winkelmann E.R.,Regional University of Northwestern Rio Grande do Sul State | Dallazen F.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Bronzatti A.B.S.,UNIJUI | And 2 more authors.
Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery | Year: 2015

Objective: To analyze a cardiac rehabilitation adapted protocol in physical therapy during the postoperative hospital phase of cardiac surgery in a service of high complexity, in aspects regarded to complications and mortality prevalence and hospitalization days. Methods: This is an observational cross-sectional, retrospec-tive and analytical study performed by investigating 99 patients who underwent cardiac surgery for coronary artery bypass graft, heart valve replacement or a combination of both. Step program adapted for rehabilitation after cardiac surgery was analyzed un-der the command of the physiotherapy professional team. Results: In average, a patient stays for two days in the Intensive Care Unit and three to four days in the hospital room, totalizing six days of hospitalization. Fatalities occurred in a higher percentage during hospitalization (5.1%) and up to two years period (8.6%) when compared to 30 days after hospital discharge (1.1%). Among the postoperative complications, the hemodynamic (63.4%) and respiratory (42.6%) were the most prevalent. 36-42% of complications occurred between the im-mediate postoperative period and the second postoperative day. The hospital discharge started from the fifth postoperative day. We can observe that in each following day, the patients are evolving in achieving the Steps, where Step 3 was the most used during the rehabilitation phase I. Conclusion: This evolution program by steps can to guide the physical rehabilitation at the hospital in patients after cardiac surgery. © 2015, Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular. All rights reserved.

da Silva J.A.G.,UNIJUI | Arenhardt E.G.,UNIJUI | Gewehr E.,UNIJUI
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2014

The objective of the study was to investigate the genetic variability of characters linked to inflorescence in populations of Sudan grass and the contribution of these variables in defining the most effective trait selection for seed yield. In addition, to provide subsidies to indicate that the selection pressure on the components of panicle to increase seed production does not compromise the character of forage interest. The experiments were conducted in the years 2009 and 2010 in the selection of plants for the characters tillering, biomass production and making up the inflorescence of the species. It was verified that there is genetic variability among populations of Sudan grass, especially in the mass character of panicle, number of grains in panicle and grain weight, variables of greatest contribution on the morphological differences observed in the inflorescence. Correlations were obtained for the effective mass of panicle and number of grains in panicle and increase in grain weight of panicle. The selection pressure on these characters does not bring harm on biomass and tillering.

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