De Assis Pimentel G.G.,State University of Maringá |
Motriz. Revista de Educacao Fisica | Year: 2010
This study approached people resident en the metropolitan region of Maringá, Paraná, with the objective to establish the profile of potential necessity and the interest for practice of adventure activities. It is significant the no-interest for the practice, although the major part of the population have a notion about which are the main adventure activities. Parachute, surf, hang glide are the most quoted and desired. The more important characteristics of people who practice sports are, according to the sample: have financial conditions, be tired with the routine and have physical conditions to practice. In agreement these characteristics as reality, common people tend to self-exclusion in the practice of adventure of leisure.
Souza R.A.D.,State University of Maringá |
Engineering Failure Analysis | Year: 2011
Despite the fact that structural failures are not desirable, it's worth to observe that it always provides relevant information for enhance design and building techniques. Additionally, failure investigations can provide a clear understanding of the involved technical problems, avoiding known mistakes to be produced again. However, the causes of many structural failures are not registered in the technical literature, in a way that some unsubstantiated information produced by the media is usually prominent. The lack of technical reports concerning structural failures gives rise to the repetition of very basic errors, which may inclusive produce progressive failures. In this context, the present paper aims at providing the main reasons for the progressive failure of 15 reinforced concrete balconies of a residential building in Maringá, Paraná state, Brazil. The engineering techniques used for demolishing and reconstructing the balconies of the mentioned building are also discussed. Finally, it is important to highlight that the activities described in this article have contributed in a very positive way for recovering the right of property, the psychological health and the feeling of security of the residents of this damaged building. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Novakowski G.C.,UNICESUMAR |
Cassemiro F.A.S.,Systema Naturae Consultoria Ambiental |
Hahn N.S.,State University of Maringá
Neotropical Ichthyology | Year: 2016
Relationship between diet and morphology of cichlid were analyzed considering that the trophic apparatus determines differential food use among species. Cichlasoma dimerus and Satanoperca pappaterra showed a generalist diet, while Chaetobranchopsis australis and Crenicichla vittata consumed zooplankton and fish, respectively. Significant correlation between morphology and diet was not found, but C. australis differed from the others species in the upper mouth and longer gill rakers. The morphology data and food size segregated the cichlids into three groups. The first was comprised by C. australis, which has many and longer gill rakers and a more protractile mouth, the second by C. vittata, which have a larger and more-protruded mouth and the third by S. pappaterra and C. dimerus, with a smaller and lower mouth. The latter two groups have more widely spaced gill rakers and consumed larger food. Overall, our results showed different patterns of species grouping when considering morphological or diet data. However, to C. australis the gill rakers determine both the type and size of food. © 2016, Sociedade Brasileira de Ictiologia. All rights reserved.
de Araujo M.I.,UNICESUMAR |
Delariva R.L.,West Parana State University |
Bonato K.O.,Federal University of Paraná |
da Silva J.C.,West Parana State University
Check List | Year: 2011
Itiz Stream is a first order tributary of the Ivaí River basin, located in a rural area of Marialva municipality, Paraná state. Fish were sampled in October, November and December 2007, September 2008 and March 2009, using electrofishing and a sieve technique in three stretches along the stream. We collected 20 species belonging to 13 genera, seven families and three orders. Only Poecilia reticulata was considered non-native species and five are probably undescribed. © 2011 Check List and Authors.
Efects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and interferential currents (IFC) in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain: Randomized clinical trial [Efeitos da estimulação elétrica nervosa transcutânea (TENS) e da corrente interferencial (CI) em pacientes com lombalgia crônica não específca: Ensaio clínico randomizado]
Facci L.M.,UNICESUMAR |
Nowotny J.P.,UNICESUMAR |
Tormem F.,UNICESUMAR |
Trevisani V.F.M.,UNICESUMAR |
Trevisani V.F.M.,University of Sao Paulo
Sao Paulo Medical Journal | Year: 2011
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and interferential current are the most used electrotherapy methods, although there is little scientifc evidence to support their use. The aim of this study was to compare the efects of TENS and interferential current among patients with nonspecifc chronic low back pain. DESIGN AND SETTING: Single-blind randomized controlled trial in the Department of Physiotherapy, Centro Universitário de Maringá. METHODS: One hundred and ffty patients were randomly divided into three groups: TENS (group 1), interferential current (group 2) and controls (group 3). The patients designated for electrotherapy received ten 30-minute sessions, while the control group remained untreated. All patients and controls were evaluated before and after treatment using a visual analog scale and the McGill Pain and Roland Morris questionnaires, and regarding their use of additional medications. RESULTS: There was a mean reduction on the visual analog scale of 39.18 mm with TENS, 44.86 mm with interferential current and 8.53 mm among the controls. In the Roland Morris questionnaire, group 1 had a mean reduction of 6.59; group 2, 7.20; and group 3, 0.70 points. In group 1, 84% of the patients stopped using medications after the treatment; in group 2, 75%; and in group 3, 34%. There was no statistically signifcant diference between the TENS and interferential current groups (P > 0.05); a diference was only found between these groups and the controls (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: There was no diference between TENS and interferential current for chronic low back pain treatment.
Cardoso C.G.,UNICESUMAR |
Marques D.R.,UNICESUMAR |
da Silva T.H.,UNICESUMAR |
de Mattos-Junior E.,University of Franca
Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia | Year: 2014
Objective: To evaluate the cardiorespiratory, sedative and antinociceptive effects of dexmedetomidine alone or in combination with methadone, morphine or tramadol in dogs. Study design: Experimental, blinded, randomized, crossover study. Animals: Six mixed breed dogs (two males and four females) weighing 10 ± 4 kg. Methods: The animals were randomly divided into four treatments: D (10 μg kg-1 of dexmedetomidine), DM (dexmedetomidine 10 μg kg-1 and methadone 0.5 mg kg-1); DMO (dexmedetomidine 10 μg kg-1 and morphine 0.5 mg kg-1), and DT (dexmedetomidine 10 μg kg-1 and tramadol 2 mg kg-1). The combinations were administered intramuscularly in all treatments. The variables evaluated were heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (fR), rectal temperature (RT), systolic arterial pressure (SAP), sedation scale and pedal withdrawal reflex. These variables were measured at T0 (immediately before the administration of the protocol) and every 15 minutes thereafter until T105. Results: A decrease in HR and fR occurred in all the treatments compared with T0, but no significant difference was observed between the treatments. The RT decreased from T45 onward in all the treatments. The SAP did not show a difference between the treatments, but in the DT treatment, the SAP was lower at T30 and T45 compared with T0. The D treatment had lower scores of sedation at T15 to T75 compared with the other treatments, and the DMO and DM treatments showed higher scores at T60 and T75 compared with DT. Conclusions and clinical relevance: The treatments with morphine and methadone added to the dexmedetomidine showed higher sedation scores than the control treatment and the treatment with tramadol added to the dexmedetomidine showed no relevant differences in any of the variables evaluated in the study. © 2014 Association of Veterinary Anaesthetists and the American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia.
da Silva J.P.,UNICESUMAR |
Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia | Year: 2016
Lupus requires careful treatment by medical specialists. This study aimed to evaluate thequality of life of patients living with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). The methodapproached women with a confirmed diagnosis of SLE under medical supervision in aUniversity hospital outpatient clinic or in a private clinic. We used an instrument containing relevant information of the patient and also the Portuguese version of the World HealthOrganization Quality of Life Group (WHOQOL-100) questionnaire. The study population consistedof 39 women, married in their majority (56.4%); prevalently aged 37-60 years old;prevalence of diagnosis time over five years (66.7%); and in use of less than 5 medications(69.2%). 92.3% had the disease inactive with higher means in Mobility (p = 0.0463) and Qualityof life (p = .0199) facets; on the other hand, the Physical Safety and Security facet (p = 0,0093) showed higher mean for people with active disease. Health and social care analy-sis showed availability and quality (p = 0.0434), even when with other associated diseases(33.3%); and the highest means were Dependence on medicinal substances and medicalaids (p = 0.0143). The negative results for associated diseases were higher in Sexual activity(p = 0.0431) and Transportation (p = 0.0319) facets. In conclusion: if women living with SLEreceive continuous medical attention, they will enjoy good quality of life, while minimizingthe complications inherent in this condition. © 2015 Elsevier Editora Ltda.
Gestao e Producao | Year: 2016
Theories developed to explain the growth of large companies are not adapted to explain the phenomenon in small companies (Davidsson et al., 2010), but growth is important for the survival of small businesses (Coad et al., 2013). This theoretical article aimed to identify the understandings of the phenomenon of the growth of small companies presented in the literature and the perspectives of future studies. A literature review was conducted in 16 Journals of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management, as well as in the national search portal Spell. The material was initially classified into three categories, which correspond to the definitions of growth, antecedents, and consequences. After this classification, an approach on the complexity of the phenomenon and on the perspectives of studies was presented.
da Silva J.P.,UNICESUMAR |
Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia | Year: 2016
Lupus requires careful treatment by medical specialists. This study aimed to evaluate thequality of life of patients living with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). The methodapproached women with a confirmed diagnosis of SLE under medical supervision in a Uni-versity hospital outpatient clinic or in a private clinic. We used an instrument containingrelevant information of the patient and also the Portuguese version of the World Health Orga-nization Quality of Life Group (WHOQOL-100) questionnaire. The study population consistedof 39 women, married in their majority (56.4%); prevalently aged 37-60 years old; prevalenceof diagnosis time over five years (66.7%); and in use of less than 5 medications (69.2%).92.3% had the disease inactive with higher means in mobility (p = 0.0463) and quality oflife (p = 0.0199) facets; on the other hand, the physical safety and security facet (p = 0.0093)showed higher mean for people with active disease. Health and social care analysis showedavailability and quality (p = 0.0434), even when with other associated diseases (33.3%); andthe highest means were Dependence on medicinal substances and medical aids (p = 0.0143).The negative results for associated diseases were higher in sexual activity (p = 0.0431) andtransportation (p = 0.0319) facets. In conclusion: if women living with SLE receive continuousmedical attention, they will enjoy good quality of life, while minimizing the complicationsinherent in this condition. © 2015 Elsevier Editora Ltda.
Vergilio M.C.P.,UNICESUMAR |
Acta Scientiarum - Health Sciences | Year: 2011
Identify adolescents with a presence of symptoms of anorexia nervosa and body image distortion at a public school. The sample included 58 adolescents of both sexes, 14 to 18 years old. The nutritional status assessment was performed using the Body Mass Index (BMI). To investigate symptoms of anorexia nervosa and body image distortion, the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) were used, respectively. According to the nutritional status assessment, 74.14% were classified as having normal weight. The analysis of the BSQ showed that 24.24 and 4.00% of adolescent females and males had body image disturbance. According to the EAT-26, 9.09% of females and 8.00% of males were classified with symptoms of anorexia. It was also observed that 80.00% of adolescents, in addition to suffering from symptoms of anorexia, also had body image disturbance, which is statistically significant. The results showed the presence of symptoms of anorexia as well as a significant presence of body image distortion, with female adolescents as the most affected group.