Guarapuava, Brazil
Guarapuava, Brazil

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de Resende J.T.V.,UNICENTRO CEDETEG | Morales R.G.F.,UNICENTRO CEDETEG | Resende F.V.,Embrapa Hortalicas | Faria M.V.,UNICENTRO CEDETEG | And 2 more authors.
Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2011

Several attempts have been made in order to produce garlic out of season in Southern Brazil, aiming to reduce dependence on imports. The use of cold storage before planting is a possible alternative. Another possibility could be forward planting dates using early cultivars, more tolerant to diseases and less demanding in temperature and photoperiod conditions. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of three vernalization periods (30, 40 and 50 days) and three planting dates (23/03, 23/04 and 23/05) on the yield of two garlic cultivars (Caçador and Quitéria). A randomized block design with three replications was used. The assessed traits were plant emergence, plant height, secondary plant growth, total yield and classification of marketable bulbs. The plant emergence and plant height increased in the first cultivation period. The yield of marketable bulbs of the Quitéria cultivar increased on the first two planting dates and the Caçador cultivar showed the highest yield of marketable bulbs on the second planting date. The third planting date provided a decrease in the secondary growth of the Caçador cultivar plants. The 30-day vernalization period promoted lower secondary growth of Quitéria cultivar plants. The 40-day vernalization period, which allowed better adaptation of both cultivars to photoperiod and temperature, resulted in good vegetative and productive development in the region of Guarapuava, Paraná State, Brazil.

Galvao A.G.,Federal University of Lavras | de Resende J.T.V.,UNICENTRO CEDETEG | Morales R.G.F.,Federal University of Lavras | Lustosa S.B.C.,UNICENTRO CEDETEG | And 2 more authors.
Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2013

The influence of different cover crops was evaluated over the agronomic performance of tomato hybrids for industrial processing, as well as its effect over soil chemical attributes. The experimental design was completely randomized, in a split plot scheme, with four replications. Main treatments (plots) were composed of winter cover crops (oat, hairy vetch, clover and radish) and of a fallow area (spontaneous vegetation). Subplots were composed of four processing tomato hybrids (AP529, AP533, Kátia and Sicílio). We evaluated the total production (TP), marketable production (CP), average mass of marketable fruits (AMCF) and number of marketable fruits (NCF). Chemical analysis of soil was done in two stages: one week preceding implantation of cover crops and in the phase of tomato implantation. Highest TPs were obtained in treatments in which cover crops were composed by hairy vetch and radish. However, although hairy vetch has caused an increase in TP, no difference between covers was obtained in relation to CP. Sicílio hybrid presented the greatest AMCF, however, its TP was lower than expected. This fact is related to lower NCF, which was half of the observed in AP529 and AP533 hybrids. Radish cover increased phosphorus, calcium and potassium in soil and this could be one of the factors responsible for the increase of TP provided by radish. On the other hand, oat has caused inverse effect, reducing availability of Ca and K. All covers have increased organic matter in soil, the major increment being presented by oat. Based on these results we conclude that hairy vetch and radish are the most indicated plants for cover preceding tomato cultivation.

Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2012

The use of onion hybrids in Brazil is still recent, with little information regarding the gains from heterosis. However, the first step to exploit the heterosis is the evaluation of available germplasm. Due to the need for genotypes adapted to the climatic conditions of South-Central region of Paraná state, Brazil, this study aimed to evaluate the agronomic performance of 19 hybrids and 50 inbred lines of onion, as well as the heterotic gain of six of these hybrids. The experimental design was randomized blocks with three replications. The evaluated traits were yield, average weight of the bulbs, commercial classification of bulbs, waxy of the leaves and cycle. In general the hybrids were superior to the lineages in yield and average bulb weight and had lower cycle. The heterotic gain in hybrids was evident, indicating the viability of hybrids for cultivation in the region. Hybrids 2572, 2573 and 2578 are promising due their high yield, earliness cycle and better classification of the bulbs. The lineages 2507-1 and 2983 provided the highest heterotic gain for the yield of the hybrid 2857, which was classified in the group of earliest genotypes, showing an inverse correlation between these two characters.

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