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News Article | May 11, 2017
Site: www.ictsd.org

ADB ANNUAL REPORT 2016. Published by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) (April 2017). This annual report reviews the economic developments seen in the Asia-Pacific region over the past half-century, including in relation to the ADB. The report examines ADB’s own performance in this context, both in quantitative and qualitative terms.  To download the full report, please visit the ADB website. 2017 STATE OF THE EU ETS REPORT. By Andrei Marcu, Emilie Alberola, Jean-Yves Caneill, Matteo Mazzoni, Stefan P. Schleicher, Wijnand Stoefs, and Charlotte Vailles for the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) (May2017). This report focuses on the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) and aims to provide an independent contribution to the policy debate surrounding its current functionality and effectiveness. To download this report, please visit the ICTSD website. OECD SKILLS OUTLOOK 2017: SKILLS AND GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS. Published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (May 2017). This report analyses how prioritising skills development can yield social and economic gains for countries, with the publication reviewing skills-related policies in education, employment protection, migration, trade, and innovation policies. To download the full report please visit the OCED website. 20 YEARS OF BIOTRADE: CONNECTING PEOPLE, THE PLANET, AND MARKETS. Published by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (May 2017). This report focuses on the experiences, lessons, and successes shared by practitioners of the BioTrade Initiative, launched by UNCTAD in 1996. In addition, this publication looks BioTrade’s potential future role, including with regards to supporting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). To download this report, please visit the UNCTAD website. ADVANCING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THROUGH SERVICES REGULATION. Published by the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) (May 2017). This paper argues that appropriate regulatory changes in services could have significant benefits in terms of sustainable development, including in supporting greater female participation across all economic sectors and helping small companies become more competitive. To download this paper, please visit the ICTSD website. VIEWS ON MITIGATION VALUE AND ITS APPLICATION. By Andrei Marcu for the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) (May 2017). This paper looks at carbon markets, specifically regarding the relationship between the mitigation, compliance, and financial values of units in carbon trading systems. The author argues that understanding these concepts in greater depth can help support the development of carbon market clubs, among other initiatives. To download this paper, please visit the ICTSD website. ISSUES FOR DISCUSSION TO OPERATIONALISE ARTICLE 6 OF THE PARIS AGREEMENT. By Andrei Marcu for the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) (May 2017). This report focuses on how to make Article 6 of the Paris Agreement operational. Specifically, the author delves into a list of questions and issues that negotiations need to resolve before moving forward. To download this paper, please visit the ICTSD website.


News Article | May 17, 2017
Site: worldmaritimenews.com

Ship tracking intelligence company MarineTraffic and the United Nations Conference on Trade & Development (UNCTAD) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding in an effort to provide more accurate analysis of global trade and shipping trends. Under the agreement, signed on May 16, 2017, UNCTAD and MarineTraffic will be sharing information and data that will enable the organisations to enhance their services. “MarineTraffic provides accurate data on the trading patterns of the world’s commercial shipping fleet. Building their data into our research, datasets and analysis will deliver a level of both granular and big picture accuracy that will enable us to strengthen our support for developing countries and help us reach our goal of delivering a fairer globalised economy,” Jan Hoffmann, Chief of UNCTAD’s Trade Logistics Branch, said. “Intelligence driven by AIS already enables the shipping industry to optimise port calls and vessel flows, minimise fuel consumption and the impact of shipping on the environment,” Argyris Stasinakis, Partner of MarineTraffic, said. MarineTraffic will be offering its reporting and data mining services to UNCTAD as it plays a role “in building a fairer and more efficient world.”


Os efeitos do Acordo de Facilitação do Comércio para a atividade aduaneira no Brasil Nas últimas décadas, o crescimento do comércio internacional impulsionou as aduanas a processarem um número cada vez maior de operações. A economia, cada vez mais global, passou a interligar players de diversos mercados, tornando a entrada e saída de mercadorias uma atividade complexa e intensa. Ocorre, porém, que a evolução das instituições e legislações aduaneiras não acompanhou a rápida velocidade com que o comércio internacional cresceu. Além disso, a redução nas tarifas, como fruto do intenso trabalho da Organização Mundial do Comércio (OMC), exaltou o efeito das medidas não tarifárias, tornando evidente o custo das burocracias alfandegárias, também conhecidas como red tape at the border. De acordo com a Conferência das Nações Unidas sobre Comércio e Desenvolvimento (UNCTAD, sigla em inglês), o gerenciamento de vários requisitos documentais no comércio internacional é problemático, tendo em vista que as informações precisam ser submetidas em diferentes agências, países, idiomas e formatos. A título exemplificativo, uma transação regular de importação ou exportação envolve cerca de 30 indivíduos e/ou instituições, 40 documentos, 200 dados sobre a operação e a reinserção de 60-70% de todos esses dados pelo menos uma vez[1]. Em alguns casos, o custo do cumprimento das formalidades alfandegárias tem sido registrado, inclusive, como superior ao custo dos impostos aduaneiros[2]. No que diz respeito ao sistema brasileiro, são frequentes as críticas endereçadas aos controles fronteiriços interestaduais, à falta de celeridade das autoridades intervenientes, ao congestionamento portuário, à utilização intensiva do modal terrestre e ao alto custo da armazenagem. Essas questões são comumente resumidas pela expressão “custo Brasil”. Os entraves ora descritos representam custos de transação que diminuem sensivelmente a eficiência e a competitividade das empresas e são pontos sensíveis da política de facilitação do comércio. O Acordo de Facilitação do Comércio (TFA, sigla em inglês) foi concluído na Conferência Ministerial de Bali, em 2013, como parte do chamado “Pacote de Bali”, um conjunto de acordos sobre variados assuntos que compunham a agenda de negociações de Doha desde 2004. O TFA foi internalizado pelo Brasil em março de 2016 e entrou em vigor em 22 de fevereiro de 2017, ao atingir a marca de 112 ratificações[3]. O objetivo primordial do TFA é tornar as normas e procedimentos aduaneiros mais uniformes, simples e eficientes. Enquanto membro da OMC e parte atuante da Rodada Doha, o Brasil envolveu-se diretamente nas negociações do TFA. Para a indústria nacional, o fechamento do Acordo é considerado o elemento mais relevante do Pacote de Bali, tendo em vista que “representa uma oportunidade para a redução de custos domésticos e externos relacionados ao comércio exterior do Brasil, sobretudo referentes à aduana, uma das preocupações mais frequentes dos exportadores brasileiros”[4]. Em síntese, o TFA prevê a simplificação de procedimentos aduaneiros, a cooperação entre autoridades e o comprometimento com questões de compliance. Dentre as principais medidas acordadas em seu bojo estão: a obrigação de publicar, de maneira acessível, todas as normas e procedimentos relacionados ao comércio exterior; o direito de recurso contra qualquer decisão da administração aduaneira em desfavor dos administrados; a prioridade no despacho aduaneiro de mercadorias perecíveis; e a uniformização de procedimentos e documentação aplicável aos procedimentos aduaneiros em todo o território nacional com vistas à desburocratização desses trâmites. A última notificação submetida pelo governo brasileiro ao Comitê Preparatório de Facilitação do Comércio da OMC mostra que o Brasil já cumpriu a grande maioria das obrigações elencadas pelo Acordo. As demais obrigações ainda não cumpridas estão em fase de implementação, com o compromisso de que entrarão em vigor em até um ano após a entrada em vigor do Acordo. São elas: solução de consultas; despacho e liberalização de mercadorias nos pontos relativos aos Operadores Econômicos Autorizados (OEA) e à Remessa Expressa; e liberdade de trânsito no que se refere à recepção antecipada das informações. Cabe mencionar que, apesar de não vinculante, o Brasil também implementará a “Janela Única”. O Programa de OEA refere-se ao controle e à gestão dos fluxos de comércio exterior, consistindo na certificação dos intervenientes da cadeia logística que representam baixo risco físico ou de compliance em suas operações. A certificação do OEA não é compulsória, porém trará a esses players prioridade nos procedimentos de verificação e liberação das mercadorias, bem como possibilidade de usufruir de acordos de reconhecimento mútuo que a Receita Federal venha a firmar com outras aduanas. Em outras palavras, maior celeridade no despacho aduaneiro e economia de custos[5]. O Portal Único de Comércio Exterior refere-se à principal ferramenta para a facilitação do comércio, pois eliminará o uso do papel nos procedimentos de importação e exportação e integrará todos os intervenientes do processo sob um único programa eletrônico. Importa salientar que esse Portal não se confunde com o Sistema Integrado de Comércio Exterior (SISCOMEX), que constitui uma mera informatização das rotinas de comércio exterior em um sistema eletrônico. O Portal Único permitirá a interface simultânea e concentrada do operador de comércio exterior com os 22 órgãos intervenientes existentes no Brasil[6]. Esse sistema busca simplificar e concentrar as rotinas de liberação de mercadorias. O TFA prevê, outrossim, a criação de Comitês Nacionais de Facilitação do Comércio a fim de facilitar a coordenação e implementação do Acordo, bem como atuar como interlocutor junto ao Comitê da OMC. Tais Comitês servirão como pontos focais para instrução nacional sobre os compromissos assumidos no Acordo e para congregar todos os órgãos intervenientes envolvidos no processo de importação e exportação. No Brasil, foi criado o Comitê Nacional de Facilitação do Comércio (CONFAC), no âmbito da Câmara de Comércio Exterior (CAMEX), por disposição dos Artigos 31 a 34 de seu Regimento Interno atual, publicado por meio da Resolução CAMEX No. 77, de 21 de setembro de 2016. O CONFAC tem gerado grandes expectativas, principalmente na iniciativa privada, que vê nessa figura um ponto de apoio e diálogo com o governo para avanços na área. Em visita recente realizada ao Brasil, o diretor-geral da OMC, Roberto Azevêdo, afirmou que o momento atual é crítico para o comércio internacional, uma vez que a implementação das reformas exigidas pelo TFA influenciará diretamente as negociações e a própria estrutura do sistema multilateral[7]. De forma sucinta, pode-se afirmar que, dentre os principais benefícios esperados, estão os efeitos econômicos de aumento do comércio, as reformas procedimentais que trarão celeridade às atividades de importação e exportação e o incremento da transparência administrativa com ênfase na redução do espaço para atos de corrupção. O relatório Doing Business, publicado anualmente pelo Banco Mundial, indica que o Brasil é considerado um dos países com maior número de entraves aduaneiros, ocupando a 145ª posição entre 189 países analisados e ficando atrás da maioria das principais economias em desenvolvimento. Da mesma forma, apesar de ser a 9ª maior economia internacional, o Brasil ocupa a 25ª posição dentre os maiores exportadores[8]. Portanto, a eliminação de burocracias é fundamental para que o país ganhe competitividade e consiga se inserir de forma mais direta no cenário internacional. Segundo a OMC, o TFA atuará exatamente na redução dessas burocracias, sendo estimado um corte de 14% das despesas gastas com tais atividades e um incremento anual de até US$ 1 trilhão ao comércio mundial. Ademais, cerca de US$ 730 bilhões seriam relacionados ao aumento da atividade comercial somente nos países em desenvolvimento[9]. No Brasil, a expectativa de desburocratização concentra-se na agilidade que o novo Portal Único promete trazer aos operadores do comércio exterior. Atualmente, o Brasil ocupa a 87ª posição no ranking dos países por tempo médio de importação e a 64ª posição de exportação. Com o TFA, a perspectiva é que haja significativa redução desses prazos, de 13 para 8 dias nos processos de exportação e de 17 para 10 dias nos de importação. Com previsão de entrada em vigor em 2018, a expectativa do governo federal, segundo o Ministério da Indústria, Comércio Exterior e Serviços (MDIC), é de que o portal acrescente US$ 24 bilhões ao produto interno bruto (PIB) nacional já no primeiro ano de funcionamento, e cerca de US$ 75 bilhões até 2030. De acordo com estudo econométrico sobre o impacto que o TFA traria ao Brasil, constatou-se que os benefícios não se restringem ao crescimento do fluxo comercial, mas também à possibilidade de diversificação da pauta exportadora, tendo em vista a importância do tempo como fator relevante para o aumento da competitividade da indústria brasileira. Isso porque, “ao penalizar em maior grau o comércio internacional de bens manufaturados, a deterioração da logística portuária no Brasil parece contribuir, ao menos em parte, para o fenômeno da primarização da pauta de exportação do país”[10], constituindo uma barreira significativa à maior inserção da indústria de transformação brasileira na economia global. A redução dos custos e do tempo de operação – e, consequentemente, a melhoria logística do comércio exterior do país – tende a igualmente permitir a inserção das empresas brasileiras nas cadeias globais de valor, cujas principais características são justamente a fragmentação da cadeia de produção, que transpassa do nível local ao global. Acredita-se que a pouca exposição do Brasil a esse novo modelo produtivo esteja, entre outras questões, relacionada aos entraves alfandegários existentes. Dessa forma, a facilitação comercial pode atuar também como um instrumento estratégico para a abertura de novas agendas e para o crescimento econômico brasileiro. A implementação do TFA no Brasil também traz grandes expectativas acerca da redução do espaço para a prática da corrupção nas aduanas, que prejudica a coleta de impostos, distorce a competividade das operações de comércio internacional e afeta negativamente a segurança de um país. Novamante, a criação do Programa de OEA e o Portal Único serão peças-chave nessa seara. O primeiro, pois inclui na certificação critérios objetivos e rigorosos de conformidade e diligência, exigindo, assim, um padrão mínimo de compliance. E o segundo, pois reduzirá a interação com agentes aduaneiros e órgãos intervenientes, foco recorrente de atos de corrupção, bem como ampliará a transparência e a publicidade das rotinas aduaneiras. No caso do Brasil, as reformas estruturais e normativas necessárias ao cumprimento do TFA já se encontram em andamento e existe grande expectativa quanto aos benefícios quantitativos e qualitativos que essas reformas trarão para a atividade aduaneira. Destaque seja dado ao Programa de OEA e ao Portal Único de Comércio Exterior, que contribuirão sobremaneira para a facilitação do comércio internacional brasileiro.


News Article | May 24, 2017
Site: www.prnewswire.com

According to United Nations Conference on Trade & Development (UNCTAD), global seaborne trade in 2014 expanded by 3.4% when compared to 2013. High reliability and alternative use as an auxiliary engine will further propel the business landscape. Rise in investment towards shipbuilding sector coupled with increasing research and development towards environment friendly technology will stimulate the U.S. marine diesel engines market size. In 2015, the U.S. shipbuilding industry contributed over USD 37.3 billion in the country's GDP. However, introduction of emission norms by MARPOL and IMO may act as industry restraint. Request for a sample of this research report @ https://www.gminsights.com/request-sample/detail/158 Optimum utilization of fuel coupled with cost affordability will enhance marine diesel engines market share. Decline in crude oil price with a positive outlook toward shipbuilding industry may further stimulate the product demand. Major shipbuilding hubs including China and South Korea have witnessed an upsurge in the demand for these products owing to easy fuel availability and affordable pricing. High speed systems in 2016 accounted for over 20% of marine diesel engines market share. Healthy orderbook toward construction of navy vessels, tugboats and freight carriers will further complement the industry outlook. Growing demand for cruise and ferries owing to improvement in standard of living coupled with rise in disposable income will boost the medium speed diesel engines market. Recreational vessels account for a large share of the medium speed products. In 2016, MAN D&T signed an agreement with Star Cruise to supply two medium size engines for their cruise ships. Offshore in 2016 accounted for over 18% of the marine diesel engines market. Increasing shale exploration and production in offshore areas will enhance the demand for offshore support vessels including drill ships, FPSO and rigs. Growing demand for tanker and container vessels, bulk and gas carriers used for transportation of natural gas and other cargos will propel the merchant marine diesel engine market. According to Eurostat's in 2015, the ports of Germany handled over 126 million tons of container cargo. Browse key industry insights spread across 250 pages with 228 market data tables & 9 figures & charts from this 2017 report Marine Diesel Engines Market in detail along with the table of contents at: Increasing governmental expenditure towards strengthening naval forces will fuel the navy marine diesel engines market. Russia has laid down its ambitious plan to increase its military support fleet by building more than 60 ships including aircraft carriers and submarines by 2020. In 2016, Germany marine diesel engines market was valued over USD 150 million. Growing government initiatives and strategies including National Master Plan for Marine Technology (NMMT) will positively impact the industry size. According to NMMT, the revenue from shipbuilding industry in 2015 was USD 19.9 billion and is projected to reach USD 25.48 billion by 2018. China marine diesel engines market will witness strong growth owing to increasing number of shipbuilding companies coupled with rising investment towards manufacturing ecologically safe diesel engines. In 2014, the Government of China issued a financial stimulus package which has facilitated the money stock. Fast reduction in interest rates of short-term instruments created profitable financing prospects for the shipbuilding industry. The China State Shipbuilding Corporation (CSSC) successfully issued bonds worth over USD 700 million with a 4.6% annual rate of return, significantly reducing financing costs. Key players in the marine diesel engines market include Wartsila, NYK Line, Man D&T, Mitsui OSK Lines, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, COSCO, CMA CGM Holding, China Shipping Development, Teekay and A.P. Møller-Maersk. Make an inquiry for purchasing this report @ https://www.gminsights.com/inquiry-before-buying/158 Marine Propulsion Engine Market size was over USD 9 billion in 2015, and is anticipated to grow at 4.3% CAGR from 2016 to 2024. Use of renewable energy sources such as solar and wind energy to meet auxiliary power requirements will increase, thereby augmenting industry growth. Automotive Aftermarket Size was valued at over USD 450 billion in 2015, increasing at CAGR over 4.5% from 2016 to 2024. Strong automotive outlook coupled with surge in manufacturing of auto components will drive the automotive aftermarket industry demand by 2024. Global Market Insights, Inc., headquartered in Delaware, U.S., is a global market research and consulting service provider; offering syndicated and custom research reports along with growth consulting services. Our business intelligence and industry research reports offer clients with penetrative insights and actionable market data specially designed and presented to aid strategic decision making. These exhaustive reports are designed via a proprietary research methodology and are available for key industries such as chemicals, advanced materials, technology, renewable energy and biotechnology.


News Article | May 24, 2017
Site: www.prnewswire.co.uk

According to United Nations Conference on Trade & Development (UNCTAD), global seaborne trade in 2014 expanded by 3.4% when compared to 2013. High reliability and alternative use as an auxiliary engine will further propel the business landscape. Rise in investment towards shipbuilding sector coupled with increasing research and development towards environment friendly technology will stimulate the U.S. marine diesel engines market size. In 2015, the U.S. shipbuilding industry contributed over USD 37.3 billion in the country's GDP. However, introduction of emission norms by MARPOL and IMO may act as industry restraint. Request for a sample of this research report @ https://www.gminsights.com/request-sample/detail/158 Optimum utilization of fuel coupled with cost affordability will enhance marine diesel engines market share. Decline in crude oil price with a positive outlook toward shipbuilding industry may further stimulate the product demand. Major shipbuilding hubs including China and South Korea have witnessed an upsurge in the demand for these products owing to easy fuel availability and affordable pricing. High speed systems in 2016 accounted for over 20% of marine diesel engines market share. Healthy orderbook toward construction of navy vessels, tugboats and freight carriers will further complement the industry outlook. Growing demand for cruise and ferries owing to improvement in standard of living coupled with rise in disposable income will boost the medium speed diesel engines market. Recreational vessels account for a large share of the medium speed products. In 2016, MAN D&T signed an agreement with Star Cruise to supply two medium size engines for their cruise ships. Offshore in 2016 accounted for over 18% of the marine diesel engines market. Increasing shale exploration and production in offshore areas will enhance the demand for offshore support vessels including drill ships, FPSO and rigs. Growing demand for tanker and container vessels, bulk and gas carriers used for transportation of natural gas and other cargos will propel the merchant marine diesel engine market. According to Eurostat's in 2015, the ports of Germany handled over 126 million tons of container cargo. Browse key industry insights spread across 250 pages with 228 market data tables & 9 figures & charts from this 2017 report Marine Diesel Engines Market in detail along with the table of contents at: Increasing governmental expenditure towards strengthening naval forces will fuel the navy marine diesel engines market. Russia has laid down its ambitious plan to increase its military support fleet by building more than 60 ships including aircraft carriers and submarines by 2020. In 2016, Germany marine diesel engines market was valued over USD 150 million. Growing government initiatives and strategies including National Master Plan for Marine Technology (NMMT) will positively impact the industry size. According to NMMT, the revenue from shipbuilding industry in 2015 was USD 19.9 billion and is projected to reach USD 25.48 billion by 2018. China marine diesel engines market will witness strong growth owing to increasing number of shipbuilding companies coupled with rising investment towards manufacturing ecologically safe diesel engines. In 2014, the Government of China issued a financial stimulus package which has facilitated the money stock. Fast reduction in interest rates of short-term instruments created profitable financing prospects for the shipbuilding industry. The China State Shipbuilding Corporation (CSSC) successfully issued bonds worth over USD 700 million with a 4.6% annual rate of return, significantly reducing financing costs. Key players in the marine diesel engines market include Wartsila, NYK Line, Man D&T, Mitsui OSK Lines, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, COSCO, CMA CGM Holding, China Shipping Development, Teekay and A.P. Møller-Maersk. Make an inquiry for purchasing this report @ https://www.gminsights.com/inquiry-before-buying/158 Marine Propulsion Engine Market size was over USD 9 billion in 2015, and is anticipated to grow at 4.3% CAGR from 2016 to 2024. Use of renewable energy sources such as solar and wind energy to meet auxiliary power requirements will increase, thereby augmenting industry growth. Automotive Aftermarket Size was valued at over USD 450 billion in 2015, increasing at CAGR over 4.5% from 2016 to 2024. Strong automotive outlook coupled with surge in manufacturing of auto components will drive the automotive aftermarket industry demand by 2024. Global Market Insights, Inc., headquartered in Delaware, U.S., is a global market research and consulting service provider; offering syndicated and custom research reports along with growth consulting services. Our business intelligence and industry research reports offer clients with penetrative insights and actionable market data specially designed and presented to aid strategic decision making. These exhaustive reports are designed via a proprietary research methodology and are available for key industries such as chemicals, advanced materials, technology, renewable energy and biotechnology.


News Article | May 24, 2017
Site: www.ictsd.org

WEBCAST: TALKING DISPUTES | THE RUSSIA – EU (PIGS) DISPUTE. Published by the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD). This video shows the discussions which took place on the Russia – EU (Pigs) WTO dispute during a 19 May event co-hosted by ICTSD and WTI Advisors. The video is available in full here. INVESTOR-STATE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT: REVIEW OF DEVELOPMENTS IN 2016. Published by the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (May 2017). This latest edition of UNCTAD’s issues note on international investment arbitration examines the various cases and decisions issued in this field over the year 2016.  The full issues note is available for download at the UNCTAD website. 2020 PROJECTIONS OF CLIMATE FINANCE TOWARDS THE USD 100 BILLION GOAL. Published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (22 May 2017). This new publication aims to support the efforts underway by developing economies to meet their goal of mobilising US$100 billion in climate finance by the end of this decade for developing countries. To access the publication, please visit the OECD’s iLibrary. THE PAYOFF TO AMERICA FROM GLOBALIZATION: A FRESH LOOK WITH A FOCUS ON COSTS TO WORKERS. By Gary Clyde Hufbauer and Zhiyao Lu for the Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) (May 2017). This policy brief calculates the gains for the United States from trade expansion during the period of 1950-2016, estimating these to be approximately US$2.1 trillion. The authors call for increased liberalisation in trade and improved programmes for displaced workers. To download the full document, please visit PIIE website. LEVERAGING GLOBAL PRODUCTION NETWORKS. By the Asian Development Bank (ADB) (May 2017). This study examines the potential gains for India’s new economic corridors in relation to global value chains and production networks, with the authors reviewing India’s case relative to other economies. To download this study, please visit the ADB website. AS TRUMP WEIGHS PARIS CLIMATE AGREEMENT 6 WAYS THE WORLD HAS CHANGED. By Nathan Hultman for the Brookings Institution (May 2017). This op-ed presents six key shifts in climate change in recent decades, presenting these as issues for the Trump Administration to consider as they weigh their approach to the UN’s Paris Agreement on climate change. Hultman argues that the Paris Agreement has the best structure that could be achieved while balancing international action and national needs. To view this op-ed, please visit the Brookings Institution website. STAYING CONNECTED: KEY ELEMENTS FOR UK-EU27 ENERGY COOPERATION AFER BREXIT. By Anthony Froggatt, Georgina Wright, and Matthew Lockwood for Chatham House (May 2017). This paper examines future energy policy negotiations between the UK and EU27 post-Brexit, including where the two sides may be able to reach convergence. The authors further argue in favour of establishing a new pan-European energy partnership. To download this paper, please visit the Chatham House website.


— Synopsis In real terms, the Egyptian construction industry registered positive growth during the review period (2011–2015) and is expected to continue to expand over the forecast period (2016–2020), with investments in residential, infrastructure, and energy and utilities construction projects. Forecast-period growth will be driven by government efforts to develop the country’s rail and road infrastructure and meet its energy targets by 2022. The growing number of public-private partnership (PPP) projects and the increasing pace of foreign investment will also drive industry growth over the forecast period. In July 2016, the government signed 20 economic agreements with the Chinese government. The agreements, worth EGP111.7 billion (US$15.0 billion), will include investments in the country’s housing, transport and energy sectors. Government flagship programs such as the October Oasis, Sustainable Development Strategy 2030, Local Development for Upper Egypt governorates and development of Cairo Metro Line 6 projects, are expected to support industry growth over the forecast period. In real terms, the industry’s output value recorded a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.32% during the review period, and is expected to register a forecast-period CAGR of 8.24%. Summary Construction in Egypt – Key Trends and Opportunities to 2020 report provides detailed market analysis, information and insights into the Egyptian construction industry including: • The Egyptian construction industry's growth prospects by market, project type and construction activity • Analysis of equipment, material and service costs for each project type in Egypt • Critical insight into the impact of industry trends and issues, and the risks and opportunities they present to participants in the Egyptian construction industry • Profiles of the leading operators in the Egyptian construction industry • Data highlights of the largest construction projects in Egypt Scope This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the construction industry in Egypt. It provides: • Historical (2011-2015) and forecast (2016-2020) valuations of the construction industry in Egypt using construction output and value-add methods • Segmentation by sector (commercial, industrial, infrastructure, energy and utilities, institutional and residential) and by project type • Breakdown of values within each project type, by type of activity (new construction, repair and maintenance, refurbishment and demolition) and by type of cost (materials, equipment and services) • Analysis of key construction industry issues, including regulation, cost management, funding and pricing • Detailed profiles of the leading construction companies in Egypt Reasons to Buy • Identify and evaluate market opportunities using Timetric's standardized valuation and forecasting methodologies. • Assess market growth potential at a micro-level with over 600 time-series data forecasts. • Understand the latest industry and market trends. • Formulate and validate strategy using Timetric's critical and actionable insight. • Assess business risks, including cost, regulatory and competitive pressures. • Evaluate competitive risk and success factors. Key Highlights • In March 2015, the government announced plans to build a new capital city to the east of Cairo near the Red Sea, in an aim to promote economic growth. The project was suspended temporarily following lack of consensus on the project’s tenure and cost. However, the government re-announced the commencement of the project in February 2016. The new capital city will include 1.1 million housing units, 663 healthcare facilities, 700 kindergartens, 40,000 hotel rooms, 1,250 religious buildings, and retail malls on a 1.8 million m2 area, theme parks and an airport. • Egypt’s strategic geographical location and availability of cheap and competitive workforce is increasing the pace of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the country. According to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)’s 2015 World Investment Report, the oil sector represented the highest recipient of FDI with a share of 71.7% during 2014–2015, followed by the construction and manufacturing sectors with 2.2% and 2.0% shares respectively. • In a bid to minimize traffic congestion in Cairo, the Egyptian Ministry of Transport announced plans to construct Cairo Metro Line 6. Accordingly, the Ministry of Transport signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the China Railway Construction Corporation worth EGP26.1 billion (US$3.5 billion) in December 2015. The 30km-long metro line project will connect northern Al-Khosos and the southern suburb of Maadi. • In 2015, the government signed a MoU with Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation of Russia to construct a nuclear power station in El Dabaa region. With a total investment of EGP186.2 billion (US$25.0 billion), the plant will be developed with a capacity to generate 4,800MW of electricity. The plant is expected to be completed in 2022. • The government is accelerating the pace of investment under the public-private partnership (PPP) model. In February 2016, the Egyptian Ministry of Housing signed four PPP contracts with major real estate companies which include Mountain View-Sisban Holding alliance, Arabia Group and Palm Hills. The total value of these PPP projects is EGP200.0 billion (US$26.8 billion) and includes developments such as the Mountain View iCity residential project in the New Cairo city which will cover a 2.1km2 area with 18,000 housing units, and a resort. For more information, please visit http://www.wiseguyreports.com


News Article | May 6, 2017
Site: www.prweb.com

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) co-hosted a United Nations-supported international conference recently on the challenges and opportunities of ocean and coastal sustainable development under the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UNSDG) Agenda. Held on the campus of PolyU, the “Healthy Oceans – Healthy Coast” International Leadership Conference on 25-26 April 2017 was attended by around forty experts from the United Nations and related government and non-government representatives from overseas and the Chinese mainland. The discussion focused on UNSDG which provides guidelines and targets for all countries to adopt and achieve in accordance with their own priorities and the environmental challenges of the world at large. The Conference was supported by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), an authoritative knowledge-based institution, to help shape current policy debates and development strategies, with a particular focus on ensuring that domestic policies and international action are mutually supportive in bringing about sustainable development. Other lead organisers were the International Ocean Institute and Shenzhen World Health Foundation. Faculty and graduate students from PolyU’s Department of Logistics and Maritime Studies and Research Institute for Sustainable Urban Development shared their research work on green shipping and high-density coastal development. PolyU’s Vice President (Student and Global Affairs), Professor Angelina Yuen, said, “PolyU has always been committed to the sustainable development of the community. We are honoured to have taken part in and contributed ideas to the global discussion on issues relating to the oceans. With concerted efforts, I am confident that together we can make progress on this important global challenge.” The conference concluded with the drafting of a summary document which will be shared at the upcoming United Nations Oceans Conference co-hosted by the Governments of Fiji and Sweden at the UN Headquarters in New York on 5-9 June 2017 to support the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.


News Article | March 4, 2016
Site: www.renewableenergyworld.com

In Switzerland, UNCTAD has released its first report on the state of biofuel technologies since 2007 and unveiled 5 five recommendations “for the responsible development of the second-generation biofuels industry.”


News Article | November 10, 2016
Site: techcrunch.com

For Americans struggling with stagnant wages, under- or un-employment, one of Donald Trump’s most appealing campaign promises was to bring manufacturing jobs back to the U.S. Navigating the complexities of policy, tariffs and geopolitics would make that hard enough already for the president elect. But technology will make this promise nearly impossible to fulfill. Why? Because manufacturing jobs are increasingly done by robots, not people. Robotics have already helped reduce reliance on labor overseas for manufacturers in automotive, electrical and electronics industries, according to a fresh policy report from the United Nations Conference on Trade & Development. And automation does allow manufacturers to do business in the U.S. when they may have chosen to do it in Southeast Asia or somewhere else, before. But when manufacturing returns to the states, jobs aren’t coming with it in high numbers. Automation has left workers in developing nations without employment, the report notes, and the U.S. faces the same prospect. Startups creating interesting robotics that stand to “steal” jobs from people, either here or abroad, are attracting seed and venture funding. Players in this space include burger flipping and pizza making robots, respectively, from Momentum Machines and Zume, painting robots from Rational Robotics. Then there are the likes of Modbot and Baxter, robots configurable for a wide range of purposes in manufacturing and elsewhere. It’s not just startups, though. Large brands like Nike and Adidas have shed contractors and embraced robotics and 3-D printing to make their shoes. Large farms have long employed robots in the field, and major companies like Amazon and UPS rely heavily on robots for logistics and warehousing. UNCTAD’s report explained, “increased use of robots in developed countries erodes traditional labor-cost advantage of developing countries,” and is already having a global impact. It’s not just that robots ramp up productivity. They can help companies streamline all kinds of headaches affiliated with setting up shop overseas. A manufacturer outsourcing to vendors or hiring employees across borders will have to deal with the costs of managing people, design, quality, safety, customs and logistics, regulatory compliance and intellectual property from afar. “Reshoring” becomes more appealing with every technological advance in robots, since it reduces administrative and legal overhead as well as labor costs. And robots aren’t getting dumber, obviously. Advances in computer vision and artificial intelligence promise to make robots, and the software-brains inside of them, even more competitive with people, especially in manufacturing but even in physical security or hospitality. Yes, robot cashiers, assistants, security guards and flight attendants are a thing. Let’s just hope there’s always a market for “handmade” goods and human-delivered services, and perhaps a robot that can help teach former employees new work skills.

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