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Dijon, France

Maitre M.,UMR PAM Equipe VALMIS | Weidmann S.,UMR PAM Equipe VALMIS | Dubois-Brissonnet F.,Agro ParisTech | David V.,UMR PAM Equipe VALMIS | And 2 more authors.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology | Year: 2014

Malolactic fermentation in wine is often carried out by Oenococcus oeni. Wine is a stressful environment for bacteria because ethanol is a toxic compound that impairs the integrity of bacterial membranes. The small heat shock protein (sHsp) Lo18 is an essential actor of the stress response in O. oeni. Lo18 prevents the thermal aggregation of proteins and plays a crucial role in membrane quality control. Here, we investigated the interaction between Lo18 and four types of liposomes: one was prepared from O. oeni grown under optimal growth conditions (here, control liposomes), one was prepared from O. oeni grown in the presence of 8% ethanol (here, ethanol liposomes), one was prepared from synthetic phospholipids, and one was prepared from phospholipids from Bacillus subtilis or Lactococcus lactis. We observed the strongest interaction between Lo18 and control liposomes. The lipid binding activity of Lo18 required the dissociation of oligomeric structures into dimers. Protein protection experiments carried out in the presence of the liposomes from O. oeni suggested that Lo18 had a higher affinity for control liposomes than for a model protein. In anisotropy experiments, we mimicked ethanol action by temperature-dependent fluidization of the liposomes. Results suggest that the principal determinant of Lo18-membrane interaction is lipid bilayer phase behavior rather than phospholipid composition. We suggest a model to describe the ethanol adaptation of O. oeni. This model highlights the dual role of Lo18 in the protection of proteins from aggregation and membrane stabilization and suggests how modifications of phospholipid content may be a key factor determining the balance between these two functions. © 2014, American Society for Microbiology.


Maitre M.,UMR PAM Equipe VALMIS | Weidmann S.,UMR PAM Equipe VALMIS | Rieu A.,UMR PAM Equipe VALMIS | Fenel D.,CNRS Institute of Pharmacology and Structural Biology | And 5 more authors.
Biochemical Journal | Year: 2012

The ability of the small Hsp (heat-shock protein) Lo18 from Oenococcus oeni to modulate the membrane fluidity of liposomes or to reduce the thermal aggregation of proteins was studied as a function of the pH in the range 5-9. We have determined by size-exclusion chromatography and analytical ultracentrifugation that Lo18 assembles essentially as a 16-mer at acidic pH. Its quaternary structure evolves to a mixture of lower molecular mass oligomers probably in dynamic equilibrium when the pH increases. The best Lo18 activities are observed at pH 7 when the particle distribution contains a major proportion of dodecamers. At basic pH, particles corresponding to a dimer prevail and are thought to be the building blocks leading to oligomerization of Lo18. At acidic pH, the dimers are organized in a doublering of stacked octamers to form the 16-mer as shown by the low-resolution structure determined by electron microscopy. Experiments performed with a modified protein (A123S) shown to preferentially form dimers confirm these results. The α-crystallin domain of Methanococcus jannaschii Hsp16.5, taken as a model of the Lo18 counterpart, fits with the electron microscopy envelope of Lo18. © The Authors Journal compilation © 2012 Biochemical Society.

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