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Le Corre S.S.,UMR CNRS 6521 | Berchel M.,UMR CNRS 6521 | Belmadi N.,University of Western Brittany | Denis C.,University of Western Brittany | And 7 more authors.
Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry

Cationic lipids constitute a family of synthetic vectors commonly used for nucleic acids delivery. We herein report the results of a systematic study that aimed to compare the transfection efficacies of cationic lipophosphoramidates possessing either two identical lipid chains (termed symmetric cationic lipids) or two different lipid chains (non-symmetric cationic lipids). In addition, we also compared the transfection results of such a 'molecular approach' (the two different lipid chains being included in the same molecule) with those of a 'supramolecular approach' in which two types of symmetrical cationic lipids were mixed in one liposomal formulation. Thus, the present work allowed us first to optimize the methods used to synthesize non-symmetric cationic lipophosphoramidates. In addition, we could also identify two non-symmetric cationic lipids exhibiting high transfection efficiencies with a series of mammalian cell lines, both vectors being characterized by a single phytanyl chain and either an oleyl or a lauryl lipid chain. © 2014 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source

Le Corre S.S.,UMR CNRS 6521 | Belmadi N.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Berchel M.,UMR CNRS 6521 | Le Gall T.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 4 more authors.
Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry

In this work that aims to synthesize and evaluate new cationic lipids as vectors for gene delivery, we report the synthesis of a series of cationic lipids in which a phosphate functional group acts as a linker to assemble on a molecular scale, two lipid chains and one cationic polar head. The mono or dicationic moiety is connected to the phosphate group by an aryl spacer. In this work, two synthesis strategies were evaluated. The first used the Atherton-Todd coupling reaction to introduce a phenolic derivative to dioleylphosphite. The second strategy used a sequential addition of lipid alcohol and a phenolic derivative on POCl3. The two methods are efficient, but the latter allows larger yields. Different polar head groups were introduced, thus producing amphiphilic compounds possessing either one permanent (N-methyl-imidazolium, pyridinium, trimethylammonium) or two permanent cationic charges. All these cationic lipids were formulated as liposomal solutions and characterized (size and zeta potential). They formed stable liposomal solutions both in water (at pH 7.0) and in a weakly acidic medium (at pH 5.5). Finally, this new generation of cationic lipids was used to deliver DNA into various human-derived epithelial cells cultured in vitro. Compared with Lipofectamine used as a reference commercial lipofection reagent, some cationic dialkylarylphosphates were able to demonstrate potent gene transfer abilities, and noteworthily, monocationic derivatives were much more efficient than dicationic analogues. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry. Source

Le Gall T.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Berchel M.,UMR CNRS 6521 | Le Hir S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Fraix A.,UMR CNRS 6521 | And 5 more authors.
Advanced Healthcare Materials

Gene therapy of diseases like cystic fibrosis (CF) would consist of delivering a gene medicine towards the lungs via the respiratory tract into the target epithelial cells. Accordingly, poly-functional nano-carriers are required in order to overcome the various successive barriers of such a complex environment, such as airway colonization with bacterial strains. In this work, the antibacterial effectiveness of a series of cationic lipids is investigated before evaluating its compatibility with gene transfer into human bronchial epithelial cells. Among the various compounds considered, some bearing a trimethyl-arsonium headgroup demonstrate very potent biocide effects towards clinically relevant bacterial strains. In contrast to cationic lipids exhibiting no or insufficient antibacterial potency, arsonium-containing lipophosphoramides can simultaneously inhibit bacteria while delivering DNA into eukaryotic cells, as efficiently and safely as in absence of bacteria. Moreover, such vectors can demonstrate antibacterial activity in vitro while retaining high gene transfection efficiency to the nasal epithelium as well as to the lungs in mice in vivo. Arsonium-containing amphiphiles are the first synthetic compounds shown to achieve efficient gene delivery in the presence of bacteria, a property particularly suitable for gene therapy strategies under infected conditions such as within the airways of CF patients. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source

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