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La Valette-du-Var, France

Since the 1950s, Fulbe pastoralists have made the transhumance in the western part of Burkina Faso between the Sahelian and Soudanian areas. They confront precipitation variability and follow fodder resources. However, since the 1970s, an agricultural front has opened and space has been saturated by fields. In the cotton production area, the transition zone between the Sahelian and Soudanian areas, moving herds has become increasingly difficult. In the Padéma district, in the heart of the cotton production area and a representative place for spatial saturation, herding trails have been built in order to secure field against cow damage. It is a good example of changes in the usage of pastoralist spaces: they are no longer pastures but transit spaces for herds. Pastoralist developments built by local agro-pastoralists are a logical change in pastoralist mobility. Regional pastoralist space is changing with local landscaping. Source

The Forestry Legislation of Argentinia was designed to slow-down deforestation linked to the advance of the agricultural frontier. In a country marked by social and territorial inequalities, the law is based on a principle of solidarity between social groups and between areas within the same territory. This article observes the application of the law in the province of Chaco and questions the principle of territorial solidarity and its capacity to affect the social and environmental risks of deforestation. It shows that the objectives of the law are biased in order to support agricultural dynamics and to improve production in the most environmentally fragile regions. © Belin. Tous droits réservés pour tous pays. Source

North Cameroon region is an area which receives migrant populations and which for nearly 20 years has experienced accelerated population growth and competition between the different users for access to natural resources. This situation brings into relief the emergence of the land rights question. That issuewas not properly integrated into development projects until the 1990s. The projects are now innovating by adopting participatory approaches and rural community management measures. They arrange agreements and set up structures with the brief to find solutions to conflicts related to access to resources. But how long will these measures remain effective ? Analysis of the ways in which participation was organized concerning several projects conducted in the municipality of Touroua indicates the processes of joint elaboration of regulations. The results prompt reflection on the institutional solutions envisaged for ensuiring land rights security in North Cameroon. © Armand Colin. Source

Chouvy P.-A.,UMR 8586 PRODIG
International Journal of Environmental Studies | Year: 2011

Prohibition attempts have failed for over a century, as the case of Afghanistan shows. There are many and complex reasons for this. Illicit opium production has benefited from synergies between war economies and drug economies, in Afghanistan and elsewhere. It has also thrived on economic under development and poverty. Part of the problem is that illicit opium production largely outlives war and that economic development can only occur in countries and regions where peace prevails. What is needed to reduce poppy cultivation is broad and equitable economic development. Ignoring the causes of opium production or making them worse by increasing poverty through forced eradication, will compromise antidrug policies and stabilisation efforts. © 2011 Taylor & Francis. Source

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