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Gallot G.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Gallot G.,Nantes University Hospital Center | Vollant S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Saiagh S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 17 more authors.
Journal of Immunotherapy | Year: 2014

We report herein the results we obtained and the limitations we experienced during the production and use of a bank of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed human cytotoxic T lymphocytes (EBV-CTLs). To assess the feasibility and toxicity of this strategy, we selected and stored, in liquid nitrogen, 4 billion EBV-CTLs from each of the 13 selected donors. Subsequently, in a multicenter phase I/II study, 11 patients with EBV-associated lymphoma resistant to conventional treatments received 1-3 doses of 5 million EBV-CTLs/kg with 1-3 and 0-4 compatibilities for human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-I and HLA-II, respectively. Except for one event of fever after injection, no immediate or delayed toxicity, no graft versus host disease, and no graft rejection attributable to CTL infusion were observed. Three patients presented complete remission and 1 partial remission after treatment. Considering the clinical options currently available, and the constrains associated with CTL preparation and implementation, we conclude that CTL banks should consist of a reasonably small number of cell lines with documented specificities. This objective could be more easily achieved if the few homozygous donors for the most frequent HLA alleles of the targeted population could be made available for such a project. Copyright © 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Tauzin H.,UMR 1098 | Tauzin H.,University of Franche Comte | Robin S.,Bioexigence | Humbert P.,UMR 1098 | And 9 more authors.
Cell and Tissue Banking | Year: 2014

Prevalence of leg ulcer in general population is important and new efficient treatments are now needed, especially for chronic leg ulcers. Human amniotic membrane (HAM) can be used as an alternative treatment for recalcitrant leg ulcers. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of a HAM extract on normal fibroblasts (NF) and ulcer fibroblasts (UF). NF and UF were obtained from biopsies by explants technique. HAM extract was used at 10 μg of total proteins per ml. Single patient-matched NF and UF were compared, without or with HAM extract. Studied parameters were proliferation rate, retraction of free-floating lattices, alpha smooth muscle actin expression by flow cytometry, and synthesis of elastin, glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), pro-collagen I, MMP-1 and TIMP-1. Our results show that UF had a specific phenotype compared to NF: low proliferation, high expression of alpha-SM actin and high synthesis of MMP-1, TIMP-1 and elastin. HAM extract significantly increased the synthesis of GAGs, pro-collagen I and MMP-1 in NF and decreased retraction of free lattices. HAM extract transiently increased UF proliferation, slowed down lattices retraction and decreased elastin synthesis. In conclusion, HAM extract has little effect on UF for the parameters studied and NF are more responsive than UF. However, clinical beneficial effect of HAM application on leg ulcers was previously observed and might rather be related to an action on keratinocytes and/or a modulation of the highly inflammatory environment of these chronic wounds. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

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