PubMed | Occupational Therapy Umeaa University Umeaa
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Scandinavian journal of occupational therapy | Year: 2011
This study describes how elderly people, temporarily living in a pre-discharge community rehabilitation centre, may experience participation in an in-patient occupational therapy programme built around group activities. The group activity programme was comprised of five sessions, each focusing on a theme chosen to encourage reflection and mutual sharing of experiences and support. Data were collected through interviews with each of the three participants immediately after each of the five group sessions. The resultant 15 interviews were analysed by adopting a Grounded Theory approach. The results show that the ways in which the participants experienced participating in the group activity programme can be described from two distinct core categories: experiences of activation and experiences of transformation . The category of activation emerged from their experiences of a creative force whilst engaged in performing the activities and from their discovery that the group was a good place for learning . Engagement in the group activities also seemed to bring about a transformation in the participants in that their experiences triggered reflection and adaptation , which contributed to a change in attitude and a personal synthesis where their new discoveries were internalized. The study shows the potential a group activity programme in occupational therapy has in triggering an adaptational and reflective process within elderly people facing discharge from hospital. Hence, group activity interventions in occupational therapy are suggested as one possible way to support the elderly person in the discharge process from hospital to the home.