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Aalfs A.S.,UMC Groningen
Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde | Year: 2013

Acute blistering and erosion in a newborn is one of the few emergency cases seen in dermatology. It is important to differentiate between infectious causes, congenital abnormalities, autoimmune bullous dermatitis, immunological skin diseases and skin burns within 24 hours. In this clinical lesson, we present a case of acute skin detachment in a newborn caused by staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS). Our patient was a six-day-old boy who had developed flaccid blisters around the umbilicus, which ruptured on minimal friction. Generalised superficial erosions on the face, hands and feet arose within hours. Based on the clinical presentation combined with a subcorneal blister found on histopathological examination and a positive culture for Staphylococcus aureus on nasal and umbilical smears, the diagnosis of SSSS was made. Our patient was treated successfully with flucloxacillin and gentamicin; the skin lesions healed without scarring within six days. Source

Organ donation is at the centre of medical and societal attention. An important reason for this is the shortage of donors and thus organs. One of these shortages concerns cadaveric-donor livers. The alternative is living-donor liver transplantation. Until recently, the donors' healthcare costs and loss of income were impediments to living-donor liver transplantation. However, the Dutch government has now removed these obstacles, on the one hand by covering the medical costs associated with the donation, the travelling costs of the donor and a companion, and on the other hand by a subsidy to cover loss of income for the self-employed. This subsidy is limited to a maximum and does not include full compensation for salaried workers fully disabled for work as a result of medical complications of the donation. Complication insurance is needed similar to that developed for kidney donors. Source

Scheele F.,VU University Amsterdam | Van Luijk S.,Maastricht University | Mulder H.,University Utrecht | Rooyen C.D.,Royal Dutch Medical Association KNMG | And 3 more authors.
Medical Teacher | Year: 2014

Background: Worldwide, the modernisation of medical education is leading to the design and implementation of new postgraduate curricula. In this article, the Special Interest Group for postgraduate medical education of the Netherlands Association for Medical Education (NVMO) reports on the experiences in the Netherlands. Aim: To provide insight into the shift in the aims of postgraduate training, as well as into the diffusion of distinct curricular activities, introduced during the process of modernisation. Methods: Based on three levels of training described by Frenk et al., the process of modernisation in the Netherlands is reviewed in a narrative way, using the expert views of the NVMO-SIG on PGME as a source of information. Results: Educational science has effectively been incorporated and has until now mainly been applied on the level of informative learning to create 'medical expertise'. Implementing change on the level of formative learning for 'professional performance' has until now been a slow and arduous process, but the concept of reflection on practice has been firmly embraced. The training on the level of transformative learning is still in its early stages. Conclusion and recommendations: The discussion about the aims of modern medical education could benefit from a more structured and transdisciplinary approach. Research is warranted on the interface between health care provision and those sciences that specialise in generic professional skills and in the societal context. Training professionals and educating 'enlightened change agents' for transformation in health care requires more governance and support from academic leaders with a broader perspective on the future of health care. © 2014 Informa UK Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Vitamin D deficiency is very common in the elderly, and the geriatric patient is probably at even greater risk. Vitamin D plays an important role in calcium homeostasis; recent studies point to a possible causal link between vitamin D deficiency and the development and severity of depression. In this article we focus on an 80-year-old patient with depression and severe vitamin D deficiency andgive advice on the diagnosis and treatment of vitamin D deficiency. To supplement the current multidisciplinary guidelines on depression, we recommend routine testing of serum vitamin D level prior to confirming the diagnosis of depression in the elderly. Source

Collard R.M.,UMC St Radboud | Oude Voshaar R.C.,UMC Groningen
Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND: Frailty can be regarded as a condition in which the reserve capacity of various physical systems has sunk to a critical low, at which point minor disturbances can develop into serious health problems. AIM: To review the various operationalisations of the concept of frailty and describe the relationship between frailty and psychopathology. METHOD: We searched the literature up to October 2010 using PubMed, PsycINFO and CINAHL. RESULTS: We founds operationalisations of the concept of frailty; 4 single measurements as a proxy for frailty (e.g. muscle strength), 18 syndrome diagnoses which can be subdivided into single (n=5) and multiple syndrome diagnoses (n = 13) and 13 dimensional operationalisations for which measurement instruments were used. Only 6 studies reported the relationship between frailty and psychopathology. The studies revealed an association between depression and psychopathology. An important finding was the association between depression and frailty, but the direction of the association is unknown. CONCLUSION: No consensus has been reached regarding the operationalisation of the concept of frailty. For the purpose of gerontopsychiatric research we recommend the inclusion of a syndrome diagnosis based on physical criteria (physical frailty) because this should make it possible to unravel the relationship between psychopathology and underlying ageing mechanisms. Source

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