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Parras de la Fuente, Mexico

Gallegos-Arreola M.P.,Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social IMSS | Figuera-Villanueva L.E.,CIBO | Ramos-Silva A.,Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social IMSS | Salas-Gonzalez E.,UMAE | And 5 more authors.
Archives of Medical Science

Introduction: The cystathionine beta synthase (CBS) gene plays an important role in homocysteine metabolism because it catalyzes the first step of the transsulfuration pathway, during which homocysteine is converted to cystathionine. Polymorphisms of CBS have been associated with cancer.Material and methods: We examined the role of the 844ins68 polymorphism by comparing the genotypes of 371 healthy Mexican women with the genotypes of 323 Mexican women with breast cancer (BC).Results: The observed genotype frequencies for controls and BC patients were 1% and 2% for Ins/Ins, 13% and 26% for W/Ins, and 86% and 72% for W/W, respectively. We found that the odds ratio (OR) was 2.2, with a 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of 1.5-3.3, p = 0.0001. The association was also evident when comparing the distribution of the W/Ins-Ins/Ins genotypes in patients in the following categories: 1) menopause and high γ-glutamyl-transferase (GGT) levels (OR of 2.17, 95% CI: 1.17-4.26, p = 0.02), 2) chemotherapy response and high lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels (OR 2.2, 95% CI: 1.08-4.4, p = 0.027), 3) chemotherapy response and high GGT levels (OR 2.46, 95% CI: 1.2-4.8, p = 0.007), and 4) body mass index (BMI) and III-IV tumor stage (OR 3.2, 95% CI: 1.2-8.3, p = 0.013).Conclusions: We conclude that the genotypes W/Ins-Ins/Ins of the 844ins68 polymorphism in the CBS gene contribute significantly to BC susceptibility in the analyzed sample from the Mexican population. © 2014 Termedia & Banach. Source

Petri M.H.,University of Guadalajara | Satoh M.,University of Florida | Martin-Marquez B.T.,University of Guadalajara | Vargas-Ramirez R.,University of Guadalajara | And 14 more authors.
Arthritis Research and Therapy

Introduction: Autoantibodies and clinical manifestations in polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM) are affected by both genetic and environmental factors. The high prevalence of DM and anti-Mi-2 in Central America is thought to be associated with the high UV index of the area. The prevalences of autoantibodies and the clinical manifestations of PM/DM were evaluated comparing two cohorts in Mexico. Methods: Ninety-five Mexican patients with PM/DM (66 DM, 29 PM; 67 Mexico City, 28 Guadalajara) were studied. Autoantibodies were characterized by immunoprecipitation using 35S-methionine labeled K562 cell extract. Clinical information was obtained from medical records. Results: DM represented 69% of PM/DM and anti-Mi-2 was the most common autoantibody (35%), followed by anti-p155/140 (11%); however, anti-Jo-1 was only 4%. The autoantibody profile in adult-onset DM in Mexico City versus Guadalajara showed striking differences: anti-Mi-2 was 59% versus 12% (P = 0.0012) whereas anti-p155/140 was 9% versus 35% (P = 0.02), respectively. A strong association of anti-Mi-2 with DM was confirmed and when clinical features of anti-Mi-2 (+) DM (n = 30) versus anti-Mi-2 (-) DM (n = 36) were compared, the shawl sign (86% versus 64%, P < 0.05) was more common in the anti-Mi-2 (+) group (P = 0.0001). Levels of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) were higher in those who were anti-Mi-2 (+) but they responded well to therapy. Conclusions: Anti-Mi-2 has a high prevalence in Mexican DM and is associated with the shawl sign and high CPK. The prevalence of anti-Mi-2 and anti-p155/140 was significantly different in Mexico City versus Guadalajara, which have a similar UV index. This suggests roles of factors other than UV in anti-Mi-2 antibody production. © 2013 Petri et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Contreras I.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Paredes-Cervantes V.,UMAE | Garcia-Miranda L.A.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Pliego-Rivero F.B.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Estrada J.A.,National Autonomous University of Mexico

Objective: Iron deficiency is likely the most common nutritional deficiency worldwide; low iron concentrations have been related to alterations in immune system functions; therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of low serum iron (LSI) concentrations on the production of proinflammatory cytokines by peripheral blood leukocytes in 8- to 12-y-old children from a local community. Methods: We obtained 120 blood samples and determined full blood counts and serum iron concentrations. An LSI and a control group, paired by age and sex were established using serum iron <60 μg/dL as the cutoff point. Ferritin and C-reactive protein concentrations were quantified. Serum interferon (IFN)-γ and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α concentrations were measured in these groups by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A second blood sample was taken from children in both groups to isolate peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and measure IFN-γ and TNF-α production by unstimulated and lipopolysaccharide/phorbol myristate acetate/ionomycin-stimulated leukocytes in vitro. Results: Of the participants in the present study, 17.5% (21 children) presented LSI, as well as decreased ferritin concentrations. Differential counts from total blood samples showed a significant increase in leukocyte numbers in the LSI group, along with increased neutrophil frequencies and numbers but decreased lymphocyte frequencies. Decreased serum IFN-γ concentrations and decreased in vitro production of IFN-γ by PBMCs were found in the LSI group. Conclusions: The results of the present study suggest that low iron levels alter leukocyte subpopulations in circulation and have a detrimental effect on leukocyte production of proinflammatory cytokines after an antigenic challenge. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. Source

Mendoza-Pinto C.,systemIC | Mendoza-Pinto C.,Autonomous University of Puebla | Garcia-Carrasco M.,systemIC | Garcia-Carrasco M.,Autonomous University of Puebla | And 8 more authors.

Background: Low bone mineral density (BMD) and vertebral fractures (VF) have been associated with atherosclerosis in the general population. We sought to investigate the relationship between BMD and VF and carotid atherosclerosis in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).Methods: We studied 122 women with SLE. All patients had BMD, carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), and carotid artery atherosclerotic plaque assessment by ultrasound.Results: Mean age at study entry was 44 years and mean disease duration was 11 years. Carotid plaque was found in 13 (11%) patients (9 postmenopausal and 4 premenopausal). Patients in the highest IMT quartile were more likely to be older (p=0.001), have a higher body mass index (p=0.008), and exhibit dyslipidemia at study entry (p=0.041), compared with the lower three quartiles. BMD at the lumbar spine was lower in patients in the highest IMT quartile compared with the lower quartiles in the multivariate logistic analysis, however, there was no association between lumbar or total hip BMD and IMT (p=0.91 and p=0.6, respectively). IMT measurements did not differ according to the presence or absence of VF (0.08-0.12 vs. 0.06-0.03 mm, p=0.11). A trend towards higher incidence of VF was found in patients with carotid plaque compared with those without (33% vs. 21%; p=0.2).Conclusions: In patients with SLE, the presence of carotid atherosclerosis is not associated with low BMD or VF. Lupus (2015) 24, 25-31. Source

Background: Postoperative pain is the main symptom following a surgical event and is related to an inflammatory process involving cytokine secretion. This type of pain is usually treated with opioids such as morphine, whose analgesic efficacy is well known. However, it is unknown when compared with ketorolac in measuring proinflammatory cytokine levels. The aim of this study was to determine the postoperative analgesic effect with endovenous morphine on proinflammatory cytokine levels in patients who underwent laparoscopic choleystectomy. Methods: We studied 40 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients were randomized to receive morphine (0.05 mg/kg) or ketorolac (0.2 mg/kg) IV during gallbladder extraction and after the surgical event at the following dose: morphine (0.15 mg/kg) or ketorolac (0.7 mg/kg) for 40 min. Clinical evaluations included were hemodynamic, analgesic with visual analogue scale, and sedation (Ramsay scale). IL-1β and TNF-α were measured pre- and postoperatively and after 12 h. Safety profile was evaluated with hemodynamic constants. Statistical analysis was carried out using Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher exact test. Results: TNF-α was increased significantly in the immediate postoperative period and after 12 h in the morphine group. IL-1β was not detected preoperatively, in the immediate postoperative period and 12 h after surgery the levels were similar in both groups. The main adverse event was respiratory depression, which occurred in the morphine group. Conclusions: Proinflammatory cytokines were increased after surgery, particularly TNF-α in the group receiving morphine. The use of morphine is safe postoperatively. Source

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