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Oak Ridge, TN, United States

Soilleux R.J.,3 Kings Paddock | Roy K.I.,Ultimax Group Inc.
JBIS - Journal of the British Interplanetary Society | Year: 2015

The idea of melting in-situ lunar regolith to create underground vitrified structures has been developed previously [1]. Using this technique, the possibility of establishing long term bases/settlements on the Moon, Mars, Mercury or any other rocky body is discussed. There are two basic obstacles to such settlements: gravity and radiation, and solutions to both problems are offered utilizing subsurface structures fabricated using vitrification techniques. Such structures could house large settlements of humans in comfort and safety in conditions similar to those envisioned with space based habitats. These settlements would have access to all the material and energy resources available to the planet or moon on which they are constructed. Such settlements offer protection to their inhabitants from radiation events or asteroid strikes that could destroy an Earth-based civilization. Source


Roy K.I.,Ultimax Group Inc. | Kennedy R.G.,Ultimax Group Inc. | Fields D.E.,Tamke Allan Observatory
JBIS - Journal of the British Interplanetary Society | Year: 2014

The initial idea of shell worlds was first proposed in the January 2009 edition of JBIS. In that paper the stability of the shell around a central world was not discussed at any length except to say that it was stable due to forces induced by gravity. This paper demonstrates in a qualitative and quantitative manner that a material shell supported by atmospheric pressure around a moon or small planet is indeed stable and does not require active measures to remain centered, provided that the central body is large enough. The minimal size of the central body to provide this stability is discussed. Source


Roy K.I.,Ultimax Group Inc. | Kennedy III R.G.,Ultimax Group Inc. | Fields D.E.,Tamke Allan Observatory
JBIS - Journal of the British Interplanetary Society | Year: 2013

Pluto-type worlds (plutoids) are far more numerous in our solar system than initially thought with hundreds, maybe thousands, of them existing in the Kuiper belt and Oort cloud. Other stars are likely to also possess many such worlds. These worlds possess almost limitless quantities of water and substantial quantities of nitrogen, which are two limiting ingredients necessary for terraforming planets in the inner solar system. Assuming that faster-than-light travel is impractical, that artificial gravity is only possible via circular motion, that humans remain basically unchanged, and that humanity's expansion into the solar system and beyond is desirable, then exploiting the resources of, and establishing bases and even colonies on, icy plutoids may become essential for human expansion into space. Such colonies face problems involving gravity, radiation, energy supply and complex ecologies. This paper attempts to address those issues and outline what such colonies might look like. This type of colony offers humanity, and perhaps other species, the ability to establish settlements at otherwise undesirable locations, including red and brown dwarf stars. Such colonies could even be established in orphan planets in interstellar space, far from any star. Source

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