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Moscow, Russia

Nosova E.Y.,ul. Stromynka 10 | Krasnova M.A.,ul. Stromynka 10 | Galkina K.Y.,ul. Stromynka 10 | Makarova M.V.,ul. Stromynka 10 | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Biology | Year: 2013

We studied the frequency of occurrence and combinations of mutations in rpoB, katG, inhA, and oxyR-ahpC genes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) DNA isolated from patients of Moscow region. In isoniazid monoresistant MTB isolates, Ser315Thr mutation in the katG gene prevails (15. 8%), whereas the most frequent mutations in multidrug-resistant MTB isolates were Ser531Leu in the rpoB gene, Ser315Thr in the katG gene (26. 3%), and their combination with C(-15)T in the inhA gene (5. 3%). The efficiency of TB-Biochip (OOO Biochip-IMB Russia), Xpert MTB/RIF (Cepheid, United States), and GenoType MTBDRplus (Hain Lifescience, Germany) test systems was analyzed and compared with the efficiency of luminescent microscopy and phenotypic drug-susceptibility testing in BACTEC™ MGIT™ 960 automated system (Becton, Dickinson and Company, United States). Using Xpert MTB/RIF, TB-Biochip, and GenoType MTBDRplus systems, MTB DNA was detected in sputum from patients in 92, 78, and 49% of all culturepositive cases, respectively. Standard cultural data match the test results of the susceptibility of MTB for Xpert MTB/RIF (rifampicin resistance) and for TB-Biochip and GenoType MTBDRplus (resistance to rifampicin and isoniazid) by 100, 97, and 100%, respectively. Thus, Xpert MTB/RIF system is the most efficient in primary MTB DNA detection, and TB-Biochip is the only one sensitive enough for both MTB DNA detection and determination of MTB multidrug resistance in sputum. Multidrug resistance is considered as resistance to both rifampicin and isoniazid. © 2013 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. Source

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