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Kostylev E.,Ukrainian Scientific Center for the Ecology of Sea | Tkachenko F.,Ukrainian Scientific Center for the Ecology of Sea | Tretiak I.,Ukrainian Scientific Center for the Ecology of Sea
Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences | Year: 2012

There are two Phyllophora fields in the north-western part of Black Sea - the Large (in the center of this region) and the Small (in Karkinitsky Bay). These unique ecosystems are characterized by agarophyte red algae of genus Phyllophora (Phyllophora). All necessary work for establishing of the second Black Sea marine protected area by declaring the Small Phyllophora field in Karkinitsky Bay a "Site of nature reserve fund of Ukraine" is currently being carried. In this article we discuss the required legislation and management steps for the creation of this marine protected area. © Published by Central Fisheries Research Institute (CFRI) Trabzon, Turkey.

Kostylev E.F.,Ukrainian Scientific Center for the Ecology of Sea | Tkachenko F.P.,Ukrainian Scientific Center for the Ecology of Sea | Tretiak I.P.,Ukrainian Scientific Center for the Ecology of Sea
Ocean and Coastal Management | Year: 2010

" Zernov's Phyllophora field" is a unique habitat located in the northwestern Black Sea. At the site, there is a dense stand of agarophytes (red algae) and a high diversity of associated fauna. On November 21 2008, the president of Ukraine (Victor Yuschenko) declared this area a botanical reserve of state-wide importance; it was established to protect and restore a unique natural environment. " Zernov's Phyllophora field" is the first offshore, fully marine MPA in the Black Sea, and it is the largest. The total area is 402,500 ha, covering 12.5% of the northwestern shelf of the Black Sea. The Ukrainian Scientific Centre for the Ecology of Sea has developed a program for (1) preservation, (2) restoration and (3) further rational use of biological resources at the site. It contains three conforming and interdependent sub-programs that put forward a series of measures for implementing the objectives (preservation, restoration, sustainable resource use).The northwestern Black Sea was heavily impacted by anthropogenic loading in the period 1970-1980, and Zernov's Phyllophora field was considerably degraded and reduced in area. During recent years the perimeter of the Phyllophora field has slightly extended, and restoration of the benthic phytocoenosis has begun. Assigning this area the status of a marine reserve (Marine Protected Area) will further promote processes of restoring faunal and floristic biodiversity to historically healthy levels. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

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