Ukrainian National Forestry University

Ukrainian National, Ukraine

Ukrainian National Forestry University

Ukrainian National, Ukraine
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Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2009-1 | Award Amount: 2.59M | Year: 2010

IN2WOOD deals with the challenges of a sustainable European forest management and tackles crucial questions in the RTD environment of the forest-based sector. Wood shall be further established as one of the main renewable resources and the added value of forest in terms of economic and innovative value and quality of life shall be further improved. Aiming at the promotion of crosscutting research on these values, forest clusters of 6 European regions Styria (Austria), North-Rhine Westfalia (Germany), South Tyrol (Italy), Banska Bystrica (Slovakia), Grisons (Switzerland), and Carpathia (Ukraine) - have joined forces to elaborate a Joint Action Plan for the future coordination and strengthening of their complementary RTD potentials. The project aims at 5 general objectives for forest sector development: (1) to enhance Wood Production, (2) to strengthen Technological Innovation Systems, (3) to develop Competence Awareness, (4) to optimize Logistics, (5) to build up Information Systems. The Joint Action Plan, delivered at mid-term of the 3-year project, collects sets of regionally adopted, coordinated strategies for future collaborative RTD-activities in these 5 thematic fields. Measures towards the implementation of the JAP will be taken in phase II in the form of pilot concepts, which define specific partnerships, plans and funding schemes for innovative follow-up projects. IN2WOOD builds upon existing bilateral cooperation between regions, sharpens their complementarities and promotes further synergies. Fostering stronger networking, knowledge exchange and cluster formation among stakeholders within and between the partner regions, the projects mentoring also reaches out to important forest regions in South Eastern Europe, where the consortium will strengthen existing links and initiate new partnerships. The project thus supports the further development and internationalisation of regional research-driven clusters in the European forest sector.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ISIB-04a-2014 | Award Amount: 5.00M | Year: 2015

Europes bioeconomy is expected to foster economic growth and to tackle significant societal challenges with less harmful environmental effects through innovative, sustainable and inclusive use of European forest resources. Increasing demand for biomass and other ecosystem goods and services calls for changes in forest-related policies at different levels and across different sectors. Accordingly, the recent Forest Strategy provides clear signals towards the need for harmonised information for mapping and assessing the dynamic state of forest ecosystems and their services. Building upon scientific advances in COST E4, 39, 43, USEWOOD, FORSYS, ORCHESTRA; the networks ENFIN, EFFIS, SOSIN; the FP7 EUFODOS, S2BIOM, INTEGRAL, SIMWOOD, FIRE PARADOX the project DIABOLO aims to: i) strengthen the methodological framework towards more accurate, harmonised and timely forest information, e.g. on growing stock and stock changes, biomass, carbon, NWFP; enable the analysis of sustainable biomass supply derived from multipurpose and multisource national forest inventories; and facilitate near real-time forest disturbance monitoring, e.g. on forest fires, storm, drought, insect outbreaks; ii) support EU policy processes, international reporting obligations, forest administration and forest planning entities with new methodologies and EU-wide consistent forest information; iii) make innovative use of existing field-collected data and EC space-based applications of EO and satellite positioning systems with reference to INSPIRE and GEOSS, and global monitoring systems such as REDD\, FLEGT and UNFF. To deliver high impact, beyond state-of-the-art work within the ecological and socio-economic diversity in Europe, the trans-disciplinary DIABOLO involves experts in quantitative modelling, policy science and NFIs, from 26 European countries, committed to provide new methodologies and information for various end-uses, including EFDAC (FISE) at JRC, GLOBIOM at IIASA and work at FAO/UNECE.


Semenyuk E.P.,Ukrainian National Forestry University
Scientific and Technical Information Processing | Year: 2015

Rapid globalization is a principal feature of the modern information space. Among the many aspects of this diverse phenomenon, its information aspect attracts constantly increasing interest, both on the part of researchers and the general public. This feature is the crossing point of two major social processes, namely, globalization and informatization (in combination with environmentalization). All these factors are closely linked to advancing noospheric genesis; information technologies play an exceptionally important role in the transformation of the common sociocultural environment. © 2015, Allerton Press, Inc.


Semenyuk E.P.,Ukrainian National Forestry University
Scientific and Technical Information Processing | Year: 2016

Differentiation and integration of the life of society play a prominent role among dialectical opposites that determine social progress. This is certainly true for science as well. A special aspect of this problem is interlinked with the development of informatics. It has many links with extension of scientific-technical revolution. It will not be an overstatement to say that today’s informatics has been determined by differentiation and integration in modern science. The future of informatics is also linked with these trends. © 2016, Allerton Press, Inc.


Wozniak A.,Lublin University of Life Sciences | Soroka M.,Ukrainian National Forestry University
Acta Agrobotanica | Year: 2014

The study evaluated weed infestation of pea (Pisum sativum L.) cultivated under conditions of conventional (CT), reduced (RT) and herbicide tillage (HT). It demonstrated the highest weed density per m2 in plots with the herbicide (HT) and reduced (RT) systems and significantly lower weed infestation in plots cultivated in the conventional system (CT). In addition, more weeds occurred at the third leaf stage (13/14 in BBCH scale) than at the pod development stage (73/74 BBCH) of pea. The highest biomass was produced by weeds in the herbicide system (HT), a lower one - in the reduced system (RT), and the lowest one - in the conventional system (CT). The air-dry weight of weeds depended also on pea development stage. At the pod development stage (73/74 BBCH), the air-dry weight of weeds was significantly higher than at the third leaf stage (13/14 BBCH). The tillage system was also observed to influence the species composition of weeds. This trait was also affected by the period of weed infestation assessment. At the third leaf stage of pea (13/14 BBCH), there occurred 26 weed species, including 24 annual ones. The most abundant species included: Chenopodium album L., Stellaria media (L.) Vill., Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Med., Matricaria inodora L., Thlaspi arvense L., and Fallopia convolvulus (L.) A. Löve. At the pod development stage (73/74 BBCH), the pea crop was colonized by 24 weed species, including 3 perennial ones. At this stage the predominant species included: Avena fatua L., Amaranthus retroflexus L., Papaver rhoeas L., Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P.B., Matricaria inodora L., and Galeopsis tetrahit L. © The Author(s) 2014 Published by Polish Botanical Society.


Sokolovskyy Y.,Ukrainian National Forestry University | Sinkevych O.,Ukrainian National Forestry University
Perspective Technologies and Methods in MEMS Design, MEMSTECH 2016 - Proceedings of 12th International Conference | Year: 2016

In this work the main principles construction of wood drying chamber are analyzed. Based on analysis the program was implemented allowing to identify basic geometric characteristics of wood drying chamber and calculate properties of its components. In addition, the program according to the input parameters entered by the user has automatically select components of wood drying chambers. Also in this work the physical and geometric characteristics of these components are given. © 2016 Lviv Polytechnic National University.


Stryamets N.,Ukrainian National Forestry University | Stryamets N.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences | Elbakidze M.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences | Angelstam P.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research | Year: 2012

The role of non-wood forest products (NWFPs) in local economies differ in time and space. We analysed Ukrainian and Swedish national policies and management rules related to the use of NWFPs, and described how different forest stakeholders utilised NWFPs in rural areas in Ukraine and Sweden. In total we interviewed 114 local forest stakeholders in one rural region's settlements in both countries. The topics for the field study were (1) the reasons and amounts of NWFPs harvested by different forest user categories; (2) traditional practices of NWFP use, including harvesting methods and (3) how these practices have changed over the past decades. At the national level, both countries allowed the utilisation of most NWFPs, did not regulate the use, and did not include NWFPs into forest management plans. In both case studies, historical use of NWFPs was intensive. This use remained important in Ukraine, but not in Sweden. Due to difficult economic transition in Ukraine, use of NWFPs by locals has increased. While hunting as a tradition was more popular in the Swedish case study, recreational use of forest was popular in both case studies. Finally, we discuss the role of NWFPs in countries with transition and market economies, and the extent to which the countries support sustainable use of NWFPs. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Wozniak A.,Lublin University of Life Sciences | Soroka M.,Ukrainian National Forestry University
International Journal of Plant Production | Year: 2014

This study was aimed at analyzing the yield, grain quality and weed infestation of spring triticale sown in 3 tillage systems: a) conventional tillage (CT)-shallow ploughing and harrowing after harvest of the previous crop, ploughing in the autumn; b) reduced tillage (RT)-only cultivator after harvest of the previous crop, and c) no-tillage (NT)-only glyphosate (360 g L-1) after harvest of the previous crop. Depth of tillage varied according to intended purpose with shallow ploughing at a depth of 10-12 cm, autumn ploughing at a depth of 25-30 cm and cultivator tillage at a depth of 10-15 cm. The yield of spring triticale of 'Legalo' cultivar sown in the CT was higher than grain yields from RT and NT systems. The lower productivity of triticale in the NT and RT systems, compared to the CT system, resulted from a reduced number of spikes as well as a lower weight and number of grains from spike. Grain of triticale harvested from CT plots was characterized by a higher content of starch and by lower contents of protein and crude fiber than the grain from the RT and NT systems. The RT and NT systems significantly increased the number and air-dry weight of weeds in triticale crop, compared to the CT system.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: INCO.2013-9.1 | Award Amount: 1.29M | Year: 2014

RERAM responds to the societal challenge of CLIMATE CHANGE, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND RAW MATERIALS in Europes forestry and woodworking sector. Knowledge, communication and cooperation gaps between research communities and innovation-driven industries significantly hamper progress towards sustainable use of the natural resource FOREST in the woodworking sector. The RERAM project targets the very low resource efficiency rate of the wood processing business in ENP Eastern Countries. The 12 partner consortium builds upon their previous collaboration between forerunner regions in Germany (NRW), Austria (Styria) and Ukraine (Carpathia), and reaches out to complementary R2I actors in neighbouring ENP countries Moldavia and Georgia, and Poland, and further beyond. RERAM will bridge the gaps in the forest and wood sectors research to innovation chain to unlock significant saving potentials of raw materials and wastes in woodworking SMEs, and to seize a major opportunity of improving green production and climate change mitigation in these emerging hotspot forest regions. By raising awareness on gains from higher efficiency, and by offering targeted benchmarking, hands-on best practices, information on best available techniques as well as training and coaching measures to entrepreneurs and intermediaries involved in RTI support, the project will enhance competitive capacities of the regions for future joint actions under Horizon 2020. By means of its dissemination channels and joint activities, RERAM builds interfaces to various existing collaborative actions and platforms, promoting cross-organizational and cross-regional dialogues, distilling complementarities, supporting a stronger intertwining of compatible regions and actors, and aligning mutual R2I strategies for increased resource efficiency, sustainable growth and innovation in the ENP Eastern Countries.


Wozniak A.,Lublin University of Life Sciences | Soroka M.,Ukrainian National Forestry University
International Journal of Plant Production | Year: 2015

A strict field experiment with crops sown in crop rotation and monoculture was carried out in the years 1988-2012 at the Experimental Station Uhrusk belonging to the University of Life Sciences in Lublin, south-eastern Poland. The study was aimed at evaluating the structure of weed communities occurring in crop rotation and monoculture of cereals. The highest weed density m-2 was determined in the second (1992-1996) and the third crop rotation (1997-2000), whereas the highest weight of weeds was noted in the third crop rotation. Weed community in cereals sown in crop rotation and monoculture was constituted by species belonging to 6 syntaxonomic classes: Stellarietea mediae, Artemisietea vulgaris, Molinio-Arrhenatheretea, Agropyretea intermedio-repentis, Koelerio glaucae- Corynephoretea canescentis and Bidentetea tripartiti. © 2015, Gorgan univ agricultural sciences and natural resources. All right reserved.

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