Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy

Poltava, Ukraine

Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy

Poltava, Ukraine
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Lysanets Y.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy | Morokhovets H.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy | Bieliaieva O.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy
Journal of Medical Case Reports | Year: 2017

Background: The present paper discusses the lexical and grammatical peculiarities of English language medical case reports, taking into account their communicative purposes and intentions. Methods: The objective of the research is to clarify the principal mechanisms of producing an effective English language medical case report and thus to provide recommendations and guidelines for medical professionals who will deal with this genre. The analysis of medical case reports will largely focus on the most significant linguistic peculiarities, such as the use of active and passive voice, the choice of particular verb tenses, and pronouns. The selected medical case reports will be considered using methods of lexico-grammatical analysis, quantitative examination, and contextual, structural, narrative, and stylistic analyses. Results: The research revealed a range of important stylistic features of medical case reports which markedly distinguish them from other genres of medical scientific writing: educational and instructive intentions, conciseness and brevity, direct and personal tone, and material presented in a narrative style. The present research has shown that the communicative strategies of the analyzed discourse, mentioned immediately above, are effectively implemented by means of specific lexical units and grammatical structures: the dominance of active voice sentences, past simple tense, personal pronouns, and modal verbs. The research has also detected the occasional use of the present perfect, present simple, and future simple tenses and passive voice which also serve particular communicative purposes of medical case reports. Conclusions: Medical case reports possess a range of unique characteristics which differ from those of research articles and other scientific genres within the framework of written medical discourse. It is to be emphasized that it is highly important for medical professionals to master the major stylistic principles and communicative intentions of medical case report as a genre in order to share their findings with fellow researchers from all over the world. Hence, in the process of training future medical researchers, the analysis of the basic mechanisms of writing a medical case report should be an integral part of the curricula in English for Specific Purposes at universities. © 2017 The Author(s).

Skripnikov A.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy | Kydon P.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy
Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Clinical Psychology | Year: 2016

The aim of this work was research of clinical and psychopathological symptomatology and its severity in patients who use cannabinoids, during the manifestation of schizophrenic process. Syndromic features of psychosis, the thematic specificity of delusions, severity of psychopathological symptoms were showed with the complex examination of patients. The obtained data can be used for the diagnosis of schizophrenia during the first hospitalization, and also at carrying out preventive, therapeutic and rehabilitation measures.

PubMed | Karolinska Institutet, Regional Health Service Lazio Region, Libra Foundation, University of Plymouth and 210 more.
Type: | Journal: Clinical and translational allergy | Year: 2017

The Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) initiative commenced during a World Health Organization workshop in 1999. The initial goals were (1) to propose a new allergic rhinitis classification, (2) to promote the concept of multi-morbidity in asthma and rhinitis and (3) to develop guidelines with all stakeholders that could be used globally for all countries and populations. ARIA-disseminated and implemented in over 70 countries globally-is now focusing on the implementation of emerging technologies for individualized and predictive medicine. MASK [MACVIA (

Bieliaieva O.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy | Lysanets Y.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy | Melaschenko M.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy
Georgian medical news | Year: 2017

The research paper is of interdisciplinary nature, written at the crossroads of the history of medicine, functional stylistics and terminology science. The choice of the 16th century as a starting point of the study is due to the fact that quality changes in book and manuscript writing that took place during this period led to unprecedented development and dissemination of scientific knowledge, including biomedical. The 16th century embraces the life and work of such prominent figures in the history of medicine, as Andreas Vesalius, Gabriele Fallopian, Bartolomeo Eustachi, and Girolamo Fracastoro. The 17th century, which is called the century of "scientific revolution", left not less honourable names in the history of medicine - William Harvey, Marcello Malpighi, Thomas Willis, Jean Pecquet, Francis Glisson, Thomas Sydenham. In the context of this study, these prominent figures are interesting due to the fact that their works were written in Latin and constitute the prototypes of modern scientific style, in particular of such genres as thesis, monograph, scientific article, scientific report, polemic presentation, textbook. On the basis of extensive factual material, it has been demonstrated that during 16th-17th centuries, Latin acted as a fully developed language with a clearly oriented international status. As one of basic tools in scientific knowledge, Latin not only performed the epistemological function which was the priority for the development of medicine, but also served as a means of accumulation, reception, transmission and popularization of achievements in various areas of medical science.

Lutsenko R.V.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy | Vakhnenko A.V.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy | Vlasova E.V.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy
Wiadomosci lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland : 1960) | Year: 2017

INTRODUCTION: Correction of pathological anxiety and stress level of frustration leads to the development of new anxiolytics, notably including derivatives of 2-oksoyndolyn- 3-hlyoksylic acid. The aim of work - to study the effect of 2-oksyindolin-3-hlyoksylic acid on emotional and behavioral reactions of rats subjected to behavioral stress tests of different averiability.MATERIALS AND METHODS: In experiments on 150 white mature male rats Wistar investigated the effects of 2-oksoindolin (2-hydroxy-N-naphthalene-1-yl-2-(2-hydroxy-1,2- dihydro-indole-3-ylidene)-acetamide) with laboratory codes 18 when intraperitoneally administered to acute immobilization stress on Sel'ye on emotional and behavioral responses of animals to test «open field», «a raised cross maze» and test «conflict behavior» (option Vogel).RESULTS: Established that the prophylactic use of the compound 18 in a test of "open field" warned the stress changes in the latent period of the first movement, likely increased the number of exits to the center installation, warned breach vertical and horizontal motor activity and significantly increased the number of acts of grooming and reduced the number of boluses compared with stress without correction. Revealed changes suggest that the substance 18 prevents anxiety disorders conduct stress genesis. In the test «a raised cross maze» of 2-oksoindolin significantly increased the number of outputs rats in open arms maze and reduced the number of fecal balls compared with those in the control disorders. In the study antyconflict action found that the compound increased the number of approaches to the drinkers, but the activity in this test yielded diazepam.CONCLUSION: Installed conservation action anksyolityc 2-hydroxy-N-naphthalene-1-yl-2-(2-hydroxy-1,2-dihydro-indole-3-ylidene)-atsetamidu acute stress may be associated with indirect stimulation of GABA - benzdiazepin receptor complex, by strengthening endogenous GABA affinity to the receptors and/or indirect stimulation of GABA receptors by other neurotransmitter systems, including serotonergic, which makes compounds for further study the possibility of post stress with anxiety disorders.

Morokhovets H.Y.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy | Lysanets Y.V.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy
Wiadomosci lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland : 1960) | Year: 2017

INTRODUCTION: The main objectives of higher medical education is the continuous professional improvement of physicians to meet the needs dictated by the modern world both at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. In this respect, the system of higher medical education has undergone certain changes - from determining the range of professional competences to the adoption of new standards of education in medicine.AIM: The article aims to analyze the parameters of doctor's professionalism in the context of competence-based approach and to develop practical recommendations for the improvement of instruction techniques.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors reviewed the psycho-pedagogical materials and summarized the acquired experience of teachers at higher medical institutions as to the development of instruction techniques in the modern educational process. The study is based on the results of testing via the technique developed by T.I. Ilyina. Analytical and biblio-semantic methods were used in the paper.RESULTS: It has been found that the training process at medical educational institution should be focused on the learning outcomes. The authors defined the quality parameters of doctors' training and suggested the model for developing the professional competence of medical students. This model explains the cause-and-effect relationships between the forms of instruction, teaching techniques and specific components of professional competence in future doctors.CONCLUSIONS: The paper provides practical recommendations on developing the core competencies which a qualified doctor should master. The analysis of existing interactive media in Ukraine and abroad has been performed. It has been found that teaching the core disciplines with the use of latest technologies and interactive means keeps abreast of the times, while teaching social studies and humanities to medical students still involves certain difficulties.

Vazhnichaya E.M.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy | Devyatkina T.A.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy | Moklyak E.V.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy
Eksperimental'naya i Klinicheskaya Farmakologiya | Year: 2017

Mexidol action in the normal state and under the conditions of acute blood loss was studied in albino male rats. The drug was administered intraperitoneally at a single dose of 100 mg/kg to intact animals and those after acute blood loss. After 3 and 72 h, the content of iron (Fe) in the blood plasma, bone marrow, liver, and spleen was investigated. It is established that the action of mexidol on the iron balance in the body of intact animals is accompanied by an increase in Fe content in the blood plasma, a decrease in the concentration of this element in the bone marrow within 3 h and its increase in the liver and spleen in 72 h after administration. In 3 h after the blood loss, mexidol promotes Fe redistribution in the body in favor of bone marrow, which is probably a prerequisite for the stimulation of erythropoiesis. In 72 h after the blood loss, mexidol increases Fe content in the blood plasma and spleen that may be associated with accelerated development of compensatory processes and restoration of the depot of this element.

Lutsenko R.V.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy | Bobyryov V.M.,Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy
Eksperimental'naya i Klinicheskaya Farmakologiya | Year: 2015

Experiments on white adult male and female Wistar rats were performed in order to determine the influence of 16 derivatives of 2-oxyindolin-3-glyoxilic acid in equivalent-toxicity doses in comparison with diazepam (2 mg/kg) on the tonus of skeletal muscles in the vertical screen test. It is established that some substances, including 2-hydroxy-N-naphthalen-1-yl-2-(2-oxo-1,2-dihydro-indol-3-ylidene)-acetamide, [2-hydroxy-2-(2-oxo-1,2-dihydro-indol-3-ylidene)-acetylamino]-acetic acid ethyl ester, and 2-aydroxy-N-(4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-7-yl)-2-(2-oxo-1,2-dihydro-indol-3-ylidene) acetamide increased the percentage retention of animals on a wire mesh grid during the entire period of investigation or significantly increased the latent period of dropping and the total time of retention on the wire mesh in the vertical screen test. In contrast to the reference drug (diazepam), test substances did not cause muscle relaxation but increased the muscle tonus, physical work capacity, and stability under forced static load conditions in test animals. © 2015, Izdatel'stvo Meditsina. All rights reserved.

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