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Oren A.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem | Plotnikov I.S.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Sokolov S.S.,Ukrainian Research Hydrometeorological Institute | Aladin N.V.,Russian Academy of Sciences
Lakes and Reservoirs: Research and Management | Year: 2010

In spite of significant differences in their sizes, depths, salinity and other properties, the Aral Sea and the Dead Sea share many features, as illustrated by a comparison of the histories of both water bodies. Fifteenth and early sixteenth century maps, based on the 'Geography' of Ptolemy, contain both lakes. The first successful limnological surveys of the lakes were made in the same year 1848, when Alexey Butakov explored the Aral Sea and William Lynch mapped the Dead Sea. Paintings and drawings by Taras Shevchenko (Aral Sea) and David Roberts (Dead Sea) document the landscapes around the lakes in the first half of the 19th century. The water balance of both lakes has been strongly negative in the past decades, leading to a decreased water surface area and volume for both lakes, their increased salinity and deterioration of their local infrastructures. Complex and expensive mitigation schemes have been proposed for both lakes, based on the import of large quantities of water from distant sources via canals or pipelines (i.e. Siberian rivers or Caspian Sea to supply water to the Aral Sea, Mediterranean Sea or Red Sea, to be connected with the Dead Sea). Less dramatic solutions to improve the local situations already have resulted in improved water quality in the Aral Sea, and partial restoration of its fisheries. In contrast, the Dead Sea remains much too saline to support higher forms of life. Nevertheless, a biblical prophecy predicts that even this most hypersaline of all lakes will eventually be teeming with fish of many kinds. © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

Vakulovskii S.M.,Scientific and Production Association Taifun | Novitskii M.A.,Scientific and Production Association Taifun | Voronchuk M.M.,Ukrainian Research Hydrometeorological Institute
Atomic Energy | Year: 2011

Information obtained on the contamination of the banks of the Dnieper cascade in expeditionary surveys during 1986-1987 and previously inaccessible to readers is presented. It is concluded on the basis of the experimental data on the actual contamination that there was no need for large-scale decontamination of the banks of the water reservoirs of the Dnieper cascade. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.

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