Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center

Kiev, Ukraine

Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center

Kiev, Ukraine
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Chasovskyi K.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Mykychak Y.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Rudenko N.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Vorobyova H.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Yemets I.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center
Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery | Year: 2017

We assessed morbidity after 2 management strategies for arterial switch operation (ASO) in a single institution: first hours of life surgery and conventional approach. From September 2009 to September 2014, 346 consecutive patients who underwent ASO were enrolled. The study group included 92 patients who underwent ASO in the first 24 hours after birth (group I). The control group consisted of 254 patients who underwent ASO after 24 hours of life in the conventional way (group II). Three outcomes were analyzed: postoperative ventilation time (VT), post-extubation hospital length of stay (peLOS), and a composite morbidity index, defined as postoperative VT + peLOS + occurrence of selected major complications. Overall 30-day survival was 98% (2 [2%] group I vs 5 [2%] group II, P = 1.000). Fifty (13.3%) major complications were observed: 14 (15%) in group I and 36 (15%) in group II (P = 0.635). Although peLOS and morbidity index did not differ significantly between groups, postoperative VT (42 hours [24, 67] vs 27 hours [22, 47], P = 0.008) and total hospital stay were significantly longer in group II (18 days [10, 19] vs 14 days [12, 18]). A median volume of 80 mL (60-100 mL) of autologous umbilical cord blood was collected (80 mL, group 1 vs 60 mL, group II; P = 0.090). Homologous blood cell transfusion was avoided in 70 patients (78%) in group I and in 13 patients (6%) in group II (P < 0.001). ASO during the initial 24 hours of life has similar outcomes in view of morbidity and mortality to the conventional approach. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.


Mykychak Y.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Fedevych O.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Maksymenko A.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Yemets I.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery | Year: 2017

A 5-hour-old boy underwent arterial switch operation and totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection repair. Subsequently developed severe pulmonary venous stenosis was successfully treated with hybrid balloon angioplasty. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.


Borodinova O.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Ostras O.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Raad T.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Yemets I.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center
World journal for pediatric & congenital heart surgery | Year: 2017

Cardiac fibroma is a rare disease, and the management of asymptomatic patients is controversial. We report a case of successful surgical excision of a large cardiac fibroma in an asymptomatic child. Surgery should be considered for such a patient, as sudden cardiac death may occur in the absence of premonitory symptoms.


PubMed | Hemafund Ltd., Slovak Medical University, Masaryk University, Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center and Ukrainian Academy of Sciences
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cell and tissue banking | Year: 2016

The need for selection of the optimal material for the manufacturing of cardio-patches can be resolved by the use of cryostored autologous pericardial tissue. This short communication is a concise fragment of a large-scale research and demonstrates only the efficiency of cell culturing before and after pericardial preservation in the low temperature conditions.


Chasovskyi K.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Yemets I.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center
Perfusion (United Kingdom) | Year: 2016

Objective: Previously, we reported that the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve is shifted leftward in patients who receive autologous umbilical cord blood (UCB) during neonatal open heart surgery. In this study, we assessed whether allowing the pCO2 to rise during hypothermic cardiopulmonary perfusion would shift the curve back to the right and improve tissue oxygenation. Methods: The study population included prenatally diagnosed patients with transposition of the great arteries. The study cohort was divided into two groups and consisted of early patients originally managed with lower pCO2 levels (Group I, n=42, 2009-12) and later patients subsequently managed with higher pCO2 levels (Group II, n=38, 2012-14). Results: Patients received similar volumes of collected autologous UCB (Group I, 80 ml; Group II, 75ml, p=0.207) with a similar mean level of HbF during CPB (Group I, 90±8%; Group II, 87±9%, p=0.310). Higher levels of pCO2 during CPB (Group I, 31 mmHg; Group II, 37 mmHg, p=0.011) resulted in a rightward shift of the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve (increased p50O2) (Group I, 19.5±3.4 mmHg; Group II, 22.5±2.2 mmHg, p=0.011). The use of a higher pCO2 strategy was associated with decreased serum lactate during CPB (Group I, 4.7±2 mmol/l; Group II, 2.8±1.4 mmol/l, p=0.001), decreased duration of mechanical ventilation (Group I, 46h; Group II, 22h, p<0.001) and decreased of length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay (Group I, 7.6±2.6, Group II, 5.6±2.2, p=0.003) Conclusions: A higher pCO2 during CPB in neonates who underwent open heart surgery using UCB resulted in a rightward shift of the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve and was associated with improved serum lactate levels. © 2016 SAGE Publications.


Chasovskyi K.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Fedevych O.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | McMullan D.M.,Seattle Childrens Hospital | Mykychak Y.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | And 3 more authors.
Perfusion (United Kingdom) | Year: 2015

Background: This study evaluates the hemoglobin-oxygen relationship and tissue perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in neonates undergoing open-heart surgery using autologous umbilical cord blood or donor blood components. Methods: We compared perioperative hematocrit (Hct), fetal hemoglobin (HbF), p50O2, pH, pCO2, serum lactate, duration of mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay in neonates undergoing open-heart surgery using autologous umbilical cord blood (Group I, N=45) or donor blood components (Group II, N=65). The groups were similar with respect to diagnosis, weight, type of procedure, duration of CPB and duration of myocardial ischemia. Results: Mean p50O2 was significantly lower in Group I during CPB (19.7 vs. 22.3 mmHg, p=0.004) and at the end of CPB (20.1 vs. 22.8 mmHg, p=0.003). Median peak lactate during CPB was higher in Group I (4.8 vs. 2.2 mmol/l, p<0.001). Carbon dioxide tension was identified as an independent predictor of higher p50O2 during CPB in Group I (β=0.88, p=0.002), but not Group II. Bodyweight, Hct, duration of CPB, pre-CPB lactate level and pCO2 affected peak lactate level during CPB. Although mean duration of ventilation was longer in Group II (mean 51 vs. 43, p=0.004), the groups experienced similar duration of ICU stay (5.8 vs. 5.9 days, p=0.280). Conclusions: Despite the fact that the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve is shifted leftward in patients who receive autologous umbilical cord blood, tissue oxygen delivery appears to be preserved in neonates who undergo open-heart surgery using autologous umbilical cord blood. © The Author(s) 2014.


PubMed | Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center
Type: | Journal: World journal for pediatric & congenital heart surgery | Year: 2016

Cardiac fibroma is a rare disease, and the management of asymptomatic patients is controversial. We report a case of successful surgical excision of a large cardiac fibroma in an asymptomatic child. Surgery should be considered for such a patient, as sudden cardiac death may occur in the absence of premonitory symptoms.


PubMed | Seattle Childrens Hospital and Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Perfusion | Year: 2015

This study evaluates the hemoglobin-oxygen relationship and tissue perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in neonates undergoing open-heart surgery using autologous umbilical cord blood or donor blood components.We compared perioperative hematocrit (Hct), fetal hemoglobin (HbF), p(50)O(2), pH, pCO(2), serum lactate, duration of mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay in neonates undergoing open-heart surgery using autologous umbilical cord blood (Group I, N=45) or donor blood components (Group II, N=65). The groups were similar with respect to diagnosis, weight, type of procedure, duration of CPB and duration of myocardial ischemia.Mean p(50)O(2) was significantly lower in Group I during CPB (19.7 vs. 22.3 mmHg, p=0.004) and at the end of CPB (20.1 vs. 22.8 mmHg, p=0.003). Median peak lactate during CPB was higher in Group I (4.8 vs. 2.2 mmol/l, p<0.001). Carbon dioxide tension was identified as an independent predictor of higher p(50)O(2) during CPB in Group I (=0.88, p=0.002), but not Group II. Bodyweight, Hct, duration of CPB, pre-CPB lactate level and pCO(2) affected peak lactate level during CPB. Although mean duration of ventilation was longer in Group II (mean 51 vs. 43, p=0.004), the groups experienced similar duration of ICU stay (5.8 vs. 5.9 days, p=0.280).Despite the fact that the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve is shifted leftward in patients who receive autologous umbilical cord blood, tissue oxygen delivery appears to be preserved in neonates who undergo open-heart surgery using autologous umbilical cord blood.


PubMed | Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center
Type: Case Reports | Journal: The Annals of thoracic surgery | Year: 2015

A 26-year-old woman underwent tetralogy of Fallot repair and classic Blalock-Taussig shunt (BTS) ligation. On postoperative day 4 she developed severe left-sided hemiplegia due to cerebral infarction. Thrombi in the BTS stump, right brachiocephalic artery, and its branches were removed surgically and the BTS stump was resected. The patient gradually recovered from hemiplegia and is leading a normal life with moderate left hemiparesis and is in good functional status 4 years after the event. An aggressive approach in treating this complication was crucial to prevent further thrombosis and neurologic deficit progression in this patient. We recommend reducing the size of the BTS stump during definitive repair.


Previously, we reported that the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve is shifted leftward in patients who receive autologous umbilical cord blood (UCB) during neonatal open heart surgery. In this study, we assessed whether allowing the pCO2 to rise during hypothermic cardiopulmonary perfusion would shift the curve back to the right and improve tissue oxygenation.The study population included prenatally diagnosed patients with transposition of the great arteries. The study cohort was divided into two groups and consisted of early patients originally managed with lower pCO2 levels (Group I, n=42, 2009-12) and later patients subsequently managed with higher pCO2 levels (Group II, n=38, 2012-14).Patients received similar volumes of collected autologous UCB (Group I, 80 ml; Group II, 75ml, p=0.207) with a similar mean level of HbF during CPB (Group I, 908%; Group II, 879%, p=0.310). Higher levels of pCO2 during CPB (Group I, 31 mmHg; Group II, 37 mmHg, p=0.011) resulted in a rightward shift of the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve (increased p50O2) (Group I, 19.53.4 mmHg; Group II, 22.52.2 mmHg, p=0.011). The use of a higher pCO2 strategy was associated with decreased serum lactate during CPB (Group I, 4.72 mmol/l; Group II, 2.81.4 mmol/l, p=0.001), decreased duration of mechanical ventilation (Group I, 46h; Group II, 22h, p<0.001) and decreased of length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay (Group I, 7.62.6, Group II, 5.62.2, p=0.003) CONCLUSIONS: A higher pCO2 during CPB in neonates who underwent open heart surgery using UCB resulted in a rightward shift of the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve and was associated with improved serum lactate levels.

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