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PubMed | Hemafund Ltd., Slovak Medical University, Masaryk University, Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center and Ukrainian Academy of Sciences
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cell and tissue banking | Year: 2016

The need for selection of the optimal material for the manufacturing of cardio-patches can be resolved by the use of cryostored autologous pericardial tissue. This short communication is a concise fragment of a large-scale research and demonstrates only the efficiency of cell culturing before and after pericardial preservation in the low temperature conditions.


Chasovskyi K.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Yemets I.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center
Perfusion (United Kingdom) | Year: 2016

Objective: Previously, we reported that the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve is shifted leftward in patients who receive autologous umbilical cord blood (UCB) during neonatal open heart surgery. In this study, we assessed whether allowing the pCO2 to rise during hypothermic cardiopulmonary perfusion would shift the curve back to the right and improve tissue oxygenation. Methods: The study population included prenatally diagnosed patients with transposition of the great arteries. The study cohort was divided into two groups and consisted of early patients originally managed with lower pCO2 levels (Group I, n=42, 2009-12) and later patients subsequently managed with higher pCO2 levels (Group II, n=38, 2012-14). Results: Patients received similar volumes of collected autologous UCB (Group I, 80 ml; Group II, 75ml, p=0.207) with a similar mean level of HbF during CPB (Group I, 90±8%; Group II, 87±9%, p=0.310). Higher levels of pCO2 during CPB (Group I, 31 mmHg; Group II, 37 mmHg, p=0.011) resulted in a rightward shift of the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve (increased p50O2) (Group I, 19.5±3.4 mmHg; Group II, 22.5±2.2 mmHg, p=0.011). The use of a higher pCO2 strategy was associated with decreased serum lactate during CPB (Group I, 4.7±2 mmol/l; Group II, 2.8±1.4 mmol/l, p=0.001), decreased duration of mechanical ventilation (Group I, 46h; Group II, 22h, p<0.001) and decreased of length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay (Group I, 7.6±2.6, Group II, 5.6±2.2, p=0.003) Conclusions: A higher pCO2 during CPB in neonates who underwent open heart surgery using UCB resulted in a rightward shift of the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve and was associated with improved serum lactate levels. © 2016 SAGE Publications.


Chasovskyi K.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Fedevych O.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | McMullan D.M.,Seattle Childrens Hospital | Mykychak Y.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | And 3 more authors.
Perfusion (United Kingdom) | Year: 2015

Background: This study evaluates the hemoglobin-oxygen relationship and tissue perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in neonates undergoing open-heart surgery using autologous umbilical cord blood or donor blood components. Methods: We compared perioperative hematocrit (Hct), fetal hemoglobin (HbF), p50O2, pH, pCO2, serum lactate, duration of mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay in neonates undergoing open-heart surgery using autologous umbilical cord blood (Group I, N=45) or donor blood components (Group II, N=65). The groups were similar with respect to diagnosis, weight, type of procedure, duration of CPB and duration of myocardial ischemia. Results: Mean p50O2 was significantly lower in Group I during CPB (19.7 vs. 22.3 mmHg, p=0.004) and at the end of CPB (20.1 vs. 22.8 mmHg, p=0.003). Median peak lactate during CPB was higher in Group I (4.8 vs. 2.2 mmol/l, p<0.001). Carbon dioxide tension was identified as an independent predictor of higher p50O2 during CPB in Group I (β=0.88, p=0.002), but not Group II. Bodyweight, Hct, duration of CPB, pre-CPB lactate level and pCO2 affected peak lactate level during CPB. Although mean duration of ventilation was longer in Group II (mean 51 vs. 43, p=0.004), the groups experienced similar duration of ICU stay (5.8 vs. 5.9 days, p=0.280). Conclusions: Despite the fact that the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve is shifted leftward in patients who receive autologous umbilical cord blood, tissue oxygen delivery appears to be preserved in neonates who undergo open-heart surgery using autologous umbilical cord blood. © The Author(s) 2014.


Chasovskyi K.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Zhovnir V.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Vorobiova G.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Yemets I.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center
Annals of Thoracic Surgery | Year: 2016

Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between antiinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-10 production and perioperative lactate concentrations and their impact on postoperative outcomes in neonates undergoing the arterial switch operation (ASO). Methods Between August 2010 and August 2012, 80 neonates with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) were enrolled. Serum IL-10 levels were measured immediately before and after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on the first, third, and seventh days. Perioperative clinical data were collected prospectively. Results Patients underwent the ASO at a median age of 72 hours (4-144 hours). We found that serum IL-10 levels significantly correlated with a prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (r = 0.3; p = 0.020) and duration of ventilation (r = 0.3; p = 0.017). Serum IL-10 levels on the first day after the surgical procedure had predictive value for a prolonged ICU stay (defined as an ICU stay >6 days postoperatively) by receiver operator curve analysis, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of 0.65 (p = 0.045). Logistic regression modeling indicated that serum lactate level (β = 2.7; p = 0.027), age at operation (β = -4.0; p = 0.007), and the nature (autologous or allogeneic) of blood products (β = -3.5; p = 0.030) used during CPB affected serum IL-10 levels. The strongest predictor of increased IL-10 on the first day after operation was a serum lactate level greater than 3 mmol/L measured after the surgical procedure on admission to the ICU, recording an odds ratio of 15.31. Serum lactate levels after operation and at admission to the ICU positively correlated with a prolonged ICU stay (r = 0.4; p = 0.007). Conclusions Elevated lactate levels are associated with increased IL-10 production on the first postoperative day. Excessive production of IL-10 on the first day after the surgical procedure is associated with a prolonged ICU stay. © 2016 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.


Sekelyk R.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Mykychak Y.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Fedevych O.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center | Yemets I.,Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center
World Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Hearth Surgery | Year: 2014

Origin of the circumflex coronary artery (Cx) from the pulmonary arteries is an extremely rare anomaly. We describe a two-month-old female patient with anomalous origin of the Cx from the right pulmonary artery associated with coarctation of the aorta. Reimplantation of the anomalous Cx to the aorta and coarctation repair were performed. There were no postoperative complications, and the patient was discharged in satisfactory condition. © The Author(s) 2014.


PubMed | Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: The Annals of thoracic surgery | Year: 2012

In this study, we analyzed our clinical experience performing the arterial switch operation in the first hours of life using autologous umbilical cord blood transfusion (AUCBT). The safety and efficiency of AUCBT was assessed and compared with surgery with the use of homologous blood transfusion.Between September 2009 and February 2011, 61 neonates underwent ASO at our institution. Patients were enrolled and allocated to two groups with different modalities of management strategies for neonates with dextrotransposition of the great arteries.The groups were similar in diagnoses, birth weight, cardiopulmonary bypass protocol, and surgical technique, excepting timing of surgery and blood management strategy. Preoperative mean hematocrit did not differ significantly between the groups (45% versus 45%). Mean hematocrit was significantly lower in the study group than in the control group during cardiopulmonary bypass (24% versus 31%). The hematocrit progressively increased in the study group to 38% on the first postoperative day. Serum lactate levels were higher in the study group till the second day after surgery. There were no significant differences in postoperative clinical profiles. There were no hospital deaths and no AUCBT-related side effects in our study.The arterial switch operation can be performed in the first hours of life with AUCBT. Therefore, AUCBT is a safe and an efficient alternative to homologous blood in neonatal open heart surgery. During the study, we also identified positive economic effects associated with this approach.


PubMed | Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center
Type: | Journal: World journal for pediatric & congenital heart surgery | Year: 2016

Cardiac fibroma is a rare disease, and the management of asymptomatic patients is controversial. We report a case of successful surgical excision of a large cardiac fibroma in an asymptomatic child. Surgery should be considered for such a patient, as sudden cardiac death may occur in the absence of premonitory symptoms.


PubMed | Seattle Childrens Hospital and Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Perfusion | Year: 2015

This study evaluates the hemoglobin-oxygen relationship and tissue perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in neonates undergoing open-heart surgery using autologous umbilical cord blood or donor blood components.We compared perioperative hematocrit (Hct), fetal hemoglobin (HbF), p(50)O(2), pH, pCO(2), serum lactate, duration of mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay in neonates undergoing open-heart surgery using autologous umbilical cord blood (Group I, N=45) or donor blood components (Group II, N=65). The groups were similar with respect to diagnosis, weight, type of procedure, duration of CPB and duration of myocardial ischemia.Mean p(50)O(2) was significantly lower in Group I during CPB (19.7 vs. 22.3 mmHg, p=0.004) and at the end of CPB (20.1 vs. 22.8 mmHg, p=0.003). Median peak lactate during CPB was higher in Group I (4.8 vs. 2.2 mmol/l, p<0.001). Carbon dioxide tension was identified as an independent predictor of higher p(50)O(2) during CPB in Group I (=0.88, p=0.002), but not Group II. Bodyweight, Hct, duration of CPB, pre-CPB lactate level and pCO(2) affected peak lactate level during CPB. Although mean duration of ventilation was longer in Group II (mean 51 vs. 43, p=0.004), the groups experienced similar duration of ICU stay (5.8 vs. 5.9 days, p=0.280).Despite the fact that the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve is shifted leftward in patients who receive autologous umbilical cord blood, tissue oxygen delivery appears to be preserved in neonates who undergo open-heart surgery using autologous umbilical cord blood.


PubMed | Ukrainian Childrens Cardiac Center
Type: Case Reports | Journal: The Annals of thoracic surgery | Year: 2015

A 26-year-old woman underwent tetralogy of Fallot repair and classic Blalock-Taussig shunt (BTS) ligation. On postoperative day 4 she developed severe left-sided hemiplegia due to cerebral infarction. Thrombi in the BTS stump, right brachiocephalic artery, and its branches were removed surgically and the BTS stump was resected. The patient gradually recovered from hemiplegia and is leading a normal life with moderate left hemiparesis and is in good functional status 4 years after the event. An aggressive approach in treating this complication was crucial to prevent further thrombosis and neurologic deficit progression in this patient. We recommend reducing the size of the BTS stump during definitive repair.


Previously, we reported that the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve is shifted leftward in patients who receive autologous umbilical cord blood (UCB) during neonatal open heart surgery. In this study, we assessed whether allowing the pCO2 to rise during hypothermic cardiopulmonary perfusion would shift the curve back to the right and improve tissue oxygenation.The study population included prenatally diagnosed patients with transposition of the great arteries. The study cohort was divided into two groups and consisted of early patients originally managed with lower pCO2 levels (Group I, n=42, 2009-12) and later patients subsequently managed with higher pCO2 levels (Group II, n=38, 2012-14).Patients received similar volumes of collected autologous UCB (Group I, 80 ml; Group II, 75ml, p=0.207) with a similar mean level of HbF during CPB (Group I, 908%; Group II, 879%, p=0.310). Higher levels of pCO2 during CPB (Group I, 31 mmHg; Group II, 37 mmHg, p=0.011) resulted in a rightward shift of the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve (increased p50O2) (Group I, 19.53.4 mmHg; Group II, 22.52.2 mmHg, p=0.011). The use of a higher pCO2 strategy was associated with decreased serum lactate during CPB (Group I, 4.72 mmol/l; Group II, 2.81.4 mmol/l, p=0.001), decreased duration of mechanical ventilation (Group I, 46h; Group II, 22h, p<0.001) and decreased of length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay (Group I, 7.62.6, Group II, 5.62.2, p=0.003) CONCLUSIONS: A higher pCO2 during CPB in neonates who underwent open heart surgery using UCB resulted in a rightward shift of the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve and was associated with improved serum lactate levels.

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