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Sheffield, United Kingdom

Temminck E.,Robert Gordon University | Mearns K.,UK Health and Safety Executive | Fruhen L.,University of Aberdeen
Business Strategy and the Environment

Workers engaging in voluntary and unrewarded environmental actions that go above and beyond their job requirements in an organizational setting can crucially contribute to a reduced environmental impact of organizations. This research investigates some of the factors that may contribute to the emergence of such organizational citizenship behaviour directed towards the environment (OCBE). The hypotheses predicted employees' concern for the environment, employees' perceived organizational support for environmental efforts and organizational commitment as antecedents of OCBE. Employees from two organizations (n=547) completed an online survey. Controlling for organizational tenure, a significant relationship between (a) employees' concern for their environment and OCBE, (b) perceived organizational support for environment efforts and OCBE and (c) organizational commitment and OCBE were found. Furthermore, organizational commitment mediated the relationship between perceived organizational support for environmental efforts and OCBE, but not environmental concern. This study's insights into the factors that can drive employees' engagement in small, voluntary environmental actions at work can guide organizations wishing to encourage such behaviours. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment. Source

Low A.,UK Health and Safety Executive
Journal of Hospital Infection

Disinfectants (including sporicides) used in the healthcare setting fall within the scope of the European Biocidal Products Directive (98/8/EC). The active substances used in these products will be evaluated as part of an EU wide review programme, to determine whether they can be used in biocidal products without undue risks to humans, animals and the environment, and that these products will be effective. Following the review of an active substance, biocidal products containing the active substance will become subject to regulatory controls in all EU Member States. This paper discusses how the Directive operates, both through the review programme and the authorisation of biocidal products at the Member State level, together with the requirements to provide data on the efficacy of both the active substances and end-use biocidal products. © 2010. Source

Adisesh A.,UK Health and Safety Laboratory | Robinson E.,UK Health and Safety Laboratory | Nicholson P.J.,Procter and Gamble | Sen D.,UK Health and Safety Executive | Wilkinson M.,Leeds General Infirmary West Yorkshire
British Journal of Dermatology

The diagnosis of occupational contact dermatitis (OCD) and occupational contact urticaria (OCU) is a process that involves fastidious clinical and occupational history taking, clinical examination, patch testing and skin-prick testing. A temporal relationship of work and/or the presence of a rash on the hands only raises suspicion of an occupational cause, and does not necessarily confirm an occupational causation. The identification of allergy by patch or prick tests is a major objective, as exclusion of an offending allergen from the environment can contribute to clinical recovery in the individual worker and avoidance of new cases of disease. This can be a complex process where allergens and irritants, and therefore allergic and irritant contact dermatitis, may coexist. This article provides guidance to healthcare professionals dealing with workers exposed to agents that potentially cause OCD and OCU. Specifically it aims to summarize the 2010 British Occupational Health Research Foundation (BOHRF) systematic review, and also to help practitioners translate the BOHRF guideline into clinical practice. As such, it aims to be of value to physicians and nurses based in primary and secondary care, as well as occupational health and public health clinicians. It is hoped that it will also be of value to employers, interested workers and those with responsibility for workplace standards, such as health and safety representatives. Note that it is not intended, nor should it be taken to imply, that these standards of care override existing statutory and legal obligations. Duties under the U.K. Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999, the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002, the Equality Act 2010 and other relevant legislation and guidance must be given due consideration, as should laws relevant to other countries. What's already known about this topic? Occupational contact dermatitis (OCD) and occupational contact urticaria (OCU) remain prevalent among U.K. workers and affect quality of life and workability. Despite extensive research, the prognosis for workers remains variable, with differing outcomes on health and employment. What does this study add? These standards of care aim to improve the education and knowledge of medical practitioners in the diagnosis and management of OCD and OCU, offering a practical tool to improve the consistency and quality of diagnosis and care. © 2013 Crown Copyright BJD © 2013 British Association of Dermatologists This article is published with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland. Source

Coldrick S.,UK Health and Safety Executive
Chemical Engineering Transactions

Accidental releases of pressure liquefied materials may result in instantaneously vaporising, or flashing, jets which mix with ambient air and disperse. In consequence modelling, it is important to correctly describe the initial jet behaviour as this can influence the subsequent vapour dispersion. Numerous techniques are available for modelling flashing jets and their dispersion and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is a tool that is becoming more widely used. Confidence in model predictions can be gained by comparing them with experimental data as well as with other models. This paper describes the CFD modelling of a small-scale flashing propane jet and comparison with both experimental data and integral model predictions. © Copyright 2016, AIDIC Servizi S.r.l. Source

Harding A.-H.,UK Health and Safety Laboratory | Darnton A.J.,UK Health and Safety Executive
American Journal of Industrial Medicine

Background: Ascertainment of asbestosis and mesothelioma from underlying cause of death underestimates the burden of these diseases. The aims of this study were to estimate the true frequency of asbestosis and mesothelioma among asbestos workers in Great Britain (GB), and to identify factors associated with the risk of death with these diseases. Methods: The GB Asbestos Survey was established in 1971 to monitor long-term health outcomes among workers covered by regulations to control asbestos at work. Asbestosis and mesothelioma cases were defined by multiple cause of death, and were ascertained by identifying asbestos workers on the GB Asbestosis and Mesothelioma Registers. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated; the risks of asbestosis and mesothelioma were modeled with Poisson regression analysis. Deaths to the end of 2005 were included. Results: There were 15,557 deaths between 1971 and 2005 among the 98,912 workers. Altogether 477 asbestosis and 649 mesothelioma cases were identified. The SMR for all causes was 1.42, for asbestosis 51.3, and for mesothelioma 13.5. In multiply adjusted analysis, age, sex, job, and birth cohort were significantly associated with asbestosis and mesothelioma. For asbestosis year of first exposure, and for mesothelioma latency, were also statistically significant. Conclusions: The asbestos workers experienced high mortality from all causes, asbestosis, and mesothelioma. There was some evidence that the risk of asbestosis and mesothelioma was lower in later birth cohorts and among those first occupationally exposed to asbestos more recently. Due to the long latency of both diseases, further follow-up is required to confirm these trends. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Source

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