Alvarenga P.,Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra |
Alvarenga P.,Uiqainstituto Superior Of Agronomia |
de Varennes A.,Dqaainstituto Superior Of Agronomia |
de Varennes A.,Ceerinstituto Superior Of Agronomia |
And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Phytoremediation | Year: 2014
A semi-field experiment was conducted to evaluate the use of mixed municipal solid waste compost (MMSWC) and green waste-derived compost (GWC) as immobilizing agents in aided-phytostabilization of a highly acidic soil contaminated with trace elements, with and without a plant cover of Agrostis tenuis. The compost application ratio was 50 Mg ha–1, and GWC amended soil was additionally limed and supplemented with mineral fertilizers.Both treatments had an equivalent capacity to raise soil organic matter and pH, without a significant increase in soil salinity and in pseudo-total As, Cu, Pb, and Zn concentrations, allowing the establishment of a plant cover. Effective bioavailable Cu and Zn decreased as a consequence of both compost treatments, while effective bioavailable As increased by more than twice but remained as a small fraction of its pseudo-total content. Amended soil had higher soil enzymatic activities, especially in the presence of plants.Accumulation factors for As, Cu, Pb, and Zn by A. tenuis were low, and their concentrations in the plant were lower than the maximum tolerable levels for cattle. As a consequence, the use of A. tenuis can be recommended for assisted phytostabilization of this type of mine soil, in combination with one of the compost treatments evaluated. © 2014, Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.