Katusiimeh M.W.,Uganda Christian University |
Katusiimeh M.W.,Wageningen University |
Mol A.P.J.,Wageningen University |
Burger K.,Wageningen University
Habitat International | Year: 2012
This paper compares the operations and discusses the effectiveness of public and private sector provision of solid waste collection in Kampala, Uganda. Household data suggest that the private sector is more effective than the public sector. Private sector companies provide services like container provision and providing timely and fixed collection time tables. Contrary to popular perception, fees charged by private companies are moderate. Public sector clients are charged fees even when the service is supposed to be free. Clients of private sector providers are more satisfied than those of public sector providers. It is however, revealed that while public sector serve mainly the low incomes, the private sector serves mainly the rich. In spite of these notable differences, clients of both public and private sector perceive the problem of solid waste management (SWM) in Kampala to be very serious. The effectiveness of public and private sector operations in solid waste collection in Kampala is hampered by corruption and lack of transparency. Given the situation of open competition for clients involving both public and private sector in Kampala, it is possible the public sector can operate effectively if they start commercial services officially like their private sector counterparts. This calls for a formal public-private partnership where the public and private sector can work together with the public sector dominating poor and marginalized areas while the private sector concentrates on rich neighborhoods. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Wesonga R.,Makerere University |
Nabugoomu F.,Uganda Christian University |
Jehopio P.,Makerere University
Journal of Air Transport Management | Year: 2012
The study analyses ground delays and air holding at Entebbe International Airport over five years. Daily probabilities for aircraft departure and arrival delays at are generated for each. The mean probabilities of delay for ground delays and air holding at 50% delay threshold levels are 0.94 and 0.82 that fall to 0.49 and 0.36 when 60% delay threshold levels are used. Simulations are performance for delay threshold levels to monitor for the trends of the daily probabilities for the study period. The general conclusion is that a parameter-based framework is best suited to determine the probability of aircraft delay at an airport. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Namirembe S.,International Center for Research in Agroforestry |
Leimona B.,International Center for Research in Agroforestry |
Van Noordwijk M.,International Center for Research in Agroforestry |
Bernard F.,International Center for Research in Agroforestry |
Bacwayo K.E.,Uganda Christian University
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability | Year: 2014
Multiple paradigms have emerged within the broad payments for ecosystem services (ES) domain for internalizing externalities of local land-use change decisions. These range from reward of ready-made ES delivery (commoditised) to reward of processes of ES generation (co-investment). Evidence from tree-based projects in Africa suggests that currently, only carbon sequestration and emission reduction are 'commoditised', however in an artificial way where payments are not matched to ES delivery, but adjusted or supplemented with co-benefits. Co-investment in stewardship alongside rights is more widespread and versatile for a variety of ES. Efficiency concerns of co-investment schemes can be addressed when commoditised ES or profitable enterprises with positive ES externalities evolve from these. © 2013 The Authors.
Leerlooijer J.N.,Wageningen University |
Leerlooijer J.N.,Maastricht University |
Bos A.E.,Open University |
Ruiter R.A.,Maastricht University |
And 5 more authors.
BMC Public Health | Year: 2013
Background: A large proportion of unmarried teenage mothers in Uganda face physical, psychological, and social problems after pregnancy and childbirth, such as obstetric complications, lack of education, and stigmatisation in their communities. The Teenage Mothers Project (TMP) in Eastern Uganda empowers unmarried teenage mothers to cope with the consequences of early pregnancy and motherhood. Since 2000, 1036 unmarried teenage mothers, their parents, and community leaders participated in economic and social empowerment interventions. The present study explored the changes resulting from the TMP as well as factors that either enabled or inhibited these changes. Methods. Semi-structured interviews (N = 23) were conducted with former teenage mothers, community leaders, and project implementers, and lifeline histories were obtained from former teenage mothers (N = 9). Quantitative monitoring data regarding demographic and social characteristics of teenage mother participants (N = 1036) were analysed. Results: The findings suggest that, overall, the TMP seems to have contributed to the well-being of unmarried teenage mothers and to a supportive social environment. It appears that the project contributed to supportive community norms towards teenage mothers' position and future opportunities, increased agency, improved coping with early motherhood and stigma, continued education, and increased income generation by teenage mothers. The study findings also suggest limited change in disapproving community norms regarding out-of-wedlock sex and pregnancy, late active enrolment of teenage mothers in the project (i.e., ten months after delivery of the child), and differences in the extent to which parents provided support. Conclusions: It is concluded that strengths of the community-based TMP seem to be its socio-ecological approach, the participatory planning with community leaders and other stakeholders, counselling of parents and unmarried teenage mothers, and the emphasis on education and income generation. The project can improve by earlier active participation of unmarried pregnant adolescents and increased support for parents. © 2013 Leerlooijer et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Kiondo P.,Makerere University |
Wamuyu-Maina G.,Makerere University |
Bimenya G.S.,Makerere University |
Tumwesigye N.M.,Makerere University |
And 2 more authors.
Tropical Medicine and International Health | Year: 2012
Objective Pre-eclampsia contributes significantly to maternal, foetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The risk factors for pre-eclampsia have not been well documented in Uganda. In this paper, we describe the risk factors for pre-eclampsia in women attending antenatal clinics at Mulago Hospital, Kampala. Methods This casecontrol study was conducted from 1st May 2008 to 1st May 2009. 207 women with pre-eclampsia were the cases, and 352 women with normal pregnancy were the controls. The women were 15-39years old, and their gestational ages were 20weeks or more. They were interviewed about their socio-demographic characteristics, past medical history and, their past and present obstetric performances. Results The risk factors were low plasma vitamin C (OR 3.19, 95% CI: 1.54-6.61), low education level (OR 1.67, 95% CI: 1.12-2.48), chronic hypertension (OR 2.29, 95% CI 1.12-4.66), family history of hypertension (OR 2.25, 95% CI: 1.53-3.31) and primiparity (OR 2.76, 95% CI: 1.84-4.15) and para≥5 (3.71, 95% CI:1.84-7.45). Conclusion The risk factors identified are similar to what has been found elsewhere. Health workers need to identify women at risk of pre-eclampsia and manage them appropriately so as to prevent the maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality associated with this condition. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.