Konya, Turkey
Konya, Turkey

Ufuk University , located in Ankara, Turkey, was established by the Turkish Foundation of Traffic Accidents in 1999. The University consists of Faculties of Medicine, Law, Education, Science-Literature , Economics, Administrative and Social science . Wikipedia.


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Pampal A.,Ufuk University | Yagmurlu A.,Ankara University
Journal of Pediatric Surgery | Year: 2012

Mesenteric and omental cysts are rare benign intraabdominal anomalies with uncertain etiologies. Surgical removal is the preferred treatment owing to complications related to cyst enlargement. A 1-year-old boy with an intrauterine diagnosis of a cystic mass adjacent to his stomach and liver, a 3-year-old girl, and a 3-year-old boy with an incidental diagnosis of intraabdominal cysts were scheduled for laparoscopic surgery. The mass of the 1-year-old boy was a multiloculated cyst originating from the lesser omentum, the incidental mass in the girl was a multiseptated cyst located in the jejunoileal mesentery, and the incidental mass of the 3-year-old boy was a uniloculated cyst originating from the ileal mesentery. All the cysts were excised either laparoscopically or in a laparoscopy-assisted manner. The laparoscopic or laparoscopy-assisted excision of the mesenteric and omental cysts seems to be a feasible, safe, and cost-effective surgical procedure with shorter operative times, even in toddlers. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Ertek S.,Ufuk University | Cicero A.,University of Bologna
Archives of Medical Science | Year: 2012

Since the 19th century, many studies have enlightened the role of inflammation in atherosclerosis, changing our perception of "vessel plaque due to oxidized lipoproteins", similar to a "rusted pipe", towards a disease with involvement of many cell types and cytokines with more complex mechanisms. Although "physical activity" and "physical exercise" are two terms with some differences in meaning, compared to sedentary lifestyle, active people have lower cardiovascular risk and lower inflammatory markers. Activities of skeletal muscle reveal "myokines" which have roles in both the immune system and adipose tissue metabolism. In vitro and ex-vivo studies have shown beneficial effects of exercise on inflammation markers. Meanwhile in clinical studies, some conflicting results suggested that type of activity, exercise duration, body composition, gender, race and age may modulate anti-inflammatory effects of physical exercise. Medical data on patients with inflammatory diseases have shown beneficial effects of exercise on disease activity scores, patient well-being and inflammatory markers. Although the most beneficial type of activity and the most relevant patient group for anti-inflammatory benefits are still not clear, studies in elderly and adult people generally support anti-inflammatory effects of physical activity and moderate exercise could be advised to patients with cardiovascular risk such as patients with metabolic syndrome. Copyright © 2012 Termedia & Banach.


Ertek S.,Ufuk University | Cicero A.F.,University of Bologna
Archives of Medical Science | Year: 2013

Cardiovascular complications are important in hyperthyroidism because of their high frequency in clinical presentation and increased mortality and morbidity risk. The cause of hyperthyroidism, factors related to the patient, and the genetic basis for complications are associated with risk and the basic underlying mechanisms are important for treatment and management of the disease. Besides cellular effects, hyperthyroidism also causes hemodynamic changes, such as increased preload and contractility and decreased systemic vascular resistance causes increased cardiac output. Besides tachyarrythmias, impaired systolic ventricular dysfunction and diastolic dysfunction may cause thyrotoxic cardiomyopathy in a small percentage of the patients, as another high mortality complication. Although the medical literature has some conflicting data about benefits of treatment of subclinical hyperthyroidism, even high-normal thyroid function may cause cardiovascular problems and it should be treated. This review summarizes the cardiovascular consequences of hyperthyroidism with underlying mechanisms. Copyright © 2013 Termedia & Banach.


Purpose: We investigated the analgesic and antiemetic efficacy of gabapentin or ergotamine/caffeine (Cafergot), in addition to conservative treatment consisting of bed rest and adequate fluid intake, for the treatment of postdural puncture headache (PDPH).Methods: In this randomized, prospective, controlled study, gabapentin or Cafergot was administered to 42 adult patients suffering from PDPH. Patients were asked to record the severity of their headache and the number of vomiting episodes on a visual analogue scale (VAS) on days 1, 2, 3 and 4. The pain scale consisted of a 10 cm horizontal line marked from 0 (denoting no pain) to 10 (denoting worst possible imaginable pain) Emesis was scored as 0 = no emetic symptoms, 1 = nausea or 2 = vomiting.Results: Demographic and anesthetic variables were similar between the groups. Gabapentin group had less pain, nausea and vomiting compared to the Cafergot group. No patients withdrew, gabapentin and Cafergot were well tolerated, and adverse events (somnolence, dizziness, tremor, and ataxia) did not occur.Conclusions: Gabapentin significantly reduced pain, nausea and vomiting compared to Cafergot in patients with PDPH. Lastly, we hypothesize that the gabaergic action of gabapentin, perhaps combined with other mechanisms, such as calcium channel blockade, may be responsible for its remarkable effects on PDPH. © Medical University of Bialystok, Poland.


Ezerarslan H.,Ufuk University
Kulak burun boǧaz ihtisas dergisi : KBB = Journal of ear, nose, and throat | Year: 2012

This study aims to investigate the possible correlations between the heterotopic gastric mucosa (HGM) islets in the cervical esophagus and laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Between May 2010 and April 2011, 45 patients (36 females, 9 males; mean age 39.8±14.1 years; range 18 to 72 years) who had reflux symptom index (RSI) >10 and reflux finding score (RFS) >7 were included. The study group consisted of 21 patients who were diagnosed with HGM islets in the cervical esophagus, while control group consisted of 24 patients without any HGM islets assessed by upper gastrointestinal system endoscopy. Esophagus manometric examination and dual-channel 24-hour pH monitoring were performed on all patients. Pretreatment mean RSI and RFS were 25.6±3.5 and 15.1±3.4 in group 1, while it was found to be 21.1±4.4 and 11.9±2.6 in group 2 (p=0.001, p=0.001). A total of 29.7% of patients who underwent pH monitoring had distal reflux, whereas 43.2% of them had proximal reflux. In group 1, distal reflux was observed in 15.4% and proximal reflux was found in 54% of the patients, while distal reflux was observed in 38% and proximal reflux was found in 38% of the patients in group 2 (p=0.152; p=0.27). Fourteen patients diagnosed with HGM had antral- and seven patients had fundal-type epithelium. Our study results suggest that HGM islets may be considered as an etiological factor in the patients with severe LPR with isolated proximal reflux based on the 24-hour pH monitoring.


Various methods and tools have been proposed to overcome the learning obstacles for Object-Oriented Programming (OOP). However, it remains difficult especially for novice learners. The problem may be not only adopting an instructional method, but also an Integrated Development Environment (IDE). Learners employ IDEs as a means to solve programming problems and an inappropriate IDE may impose additional cognitive load. Therefore, this quasi-experimental study tried to identify the cognitive effects of a more visually supportive and functional IDE. It was explored by the functional near-infrared spectroscopy method, which is a relatively new physiological tool for measuring cognitive load. Novice students participated in the study in two experimental groups and they were required to write a Java application using two different IDEs. The results indicated a significant difference between the experimental groups and the findings are discussed in view of the principles of Cognitive Load Theory and Multimedia Learning. © 2015 Taylor & Francis


Unal-Cevik I.,Ufuk University | Sarioglu-Ay S.,Ufuk University | Evcik D.,Ufuk University
Journal of Pain | Year: 2010

A screening tool that quickly and correctly differentiates neuropathic pain from non-neuropathic pain is essential. Although there are many screening tools in the assessment of neuropathic pain, many physicians still have the problem of not being able to identify their neuropathic pain patients easily. In this study, we assessed the test-retest reliability, internal consistency, and validity of the Turkish version of DN4 questionnaire. Within the same group of patients, we also compared the DN4 with the LANSS questionnaire. A total of 180 patients (n = 121 with neuropathic pain and n = 59 with non-neuropathic pain characteristics) were enrolled. In our study population, peripheral origin of neuropathic pain, mainly radiculopathies and polyneuropathies, dominated. The reliability and validity of Turkish version of DN4 were found to be high. The sensitivities of the DN4 and the LANSS were 95% and 70.2%, respectively. The specificity of both tests was 96.6%. The strengths and weaknesses of these questionnaires are discussed. Perspective: The Turkish version of DN4 questionnaire is reliable and valid. It is also an easier, quicker, and more sensitive screening tool (1-minute test) compared with the Turkish version of LANSS questionnaire. These features of the DN4 may help clinicians to identify their neuropathic pain patients accurately in daily clinical practice and research studies. © 2010 by the American Pain Society.


Tuncbilek S.,Ufuk University
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2014

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is still a public health problem worldwide, being endemic in some parts of the world. It can lead to serious liver diseases such as chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular cancer. The differences in host immune response can be one of the reasons for the various clinical presentations of HBV infection. Polymorphisms of genes encoding the proinflammatory and antiinflammatory cytokines, which are responsible for regulation of the immune response, can affect the clinical presentation of the infection. Particularly, the polymorphisms of the genes encoding cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-18, IL-28B, interferon-γ, tumor necrosis factor-α, tumor growth factor-β1, and regulatory molecules like vitamin D receptor and chemokine receptor 5 can be responsible for different clinical presentations of HBV infections. The genomic information about cytokines and other mediators can be important for determining high-risk people for developing chronic hepatitis or hepatocellular cancer and may be used to plan treatment and preventive approaches for these people. In this review, the current knowledge in the literature on the association between cytokine/regulatory molecule gene polymorphisms and clinical course of chronic HBV infection is summarized, and the clinical implementations and future prospects regarding this knowledge are discussed. © 2014 Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.


Pampal A.,Ufuk University
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology | Year: 2010

Introduction: CHARGE " association" is a rare clinical entity with multiple congenital anomalies that necessitates a multidisciplinary approach. Its diagnosis is important not only for the pediatric surgery practice but also for the otorhinolaryngology practice as it complicates with a number of major surgical anomalies. The aim of this paper is to present the latest evidences on the genetic basis of the disease. Materials and methods: In order to evaluate, a computed literature review was undertaken using PubMed and OMIM databases. Results: Heterozygous mutations within the chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 7 (CHD7) were reported in every two of three CHARGE patients. CHD protein family is located on chromosome 8q11.2 and is known to regulate chromatin remodeling which plays an essential role in the developmental gene expression. That is why the haploinsufficiency of CHD7 gene due to heterozygous mutations results in not only the postnatal but also the prenatal developmental regulation errors. The wide expression of this gene in the prenatal period overlaps with the broad spectrum of the phenotypic symptoms of the disease. Conclusion: CHD7 gene haploinsufficiency is expected to be the underlying basis of CHARGE. Even though the genetic basis is unsolved in one-third of the patients, the current evidence supports the term " syndrome" rather than an " association" should be more appropriate for CHARGE. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


In this study we aimed to determine the need for 18F-flourodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in the preoperative staging of rectal carcinoma in our large patient group according to level and location of tumor. Totally, 97 patients diagnosed with primary rectal adenocarcinoma between May 2009 and July 2011 were included in the study. Preoperative staging was performed by evaluating contrast-enhanced thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic computed tomographies. After staging by conventional methods, all patients underwent an 18F-FDG PET/CT. In all cases, the relationship between 18F-FDG uptake and gender, tumor height at the anal canal, localization in the rectal wall, plasma carcinoembryonic antigen levels, histopathological tumor type, and tumor stage were examined. While the ceCT was normal in 4 (4%) patients, it was positive for the rectum in 93 (95%), pelvic lymph nodes in 22 (22%), and distant metastases in 14 (14%) (liver (8), lung (8), bone (2), distant lymph nodes (6), and uterus (1)). Using computed tomography, disease stages were determined as stage 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 in 4, 8, 48, 23, and 14 patients, respectively; 18F-FDG PET/CT was normal in two (2%) patients. The mean SUVmax of FDG-positive rectal tumors was calculated as 17.31 ± 9.37. Additionally, 18F-FDG uptake was seen in pelvic lymph nodes in 15 (15%) patients and in distant organs in 24 (24%) patients (liver (9), lung (12), bone (5), distant lymph nodes (11), uterus (1), and sigmoid colon (1)). According to an 18F-FDG PET/CT, 2, 7, 47, 20, and 21 patients were staged as stage 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. In 14 patients (14.4%), the stage of the disease was either changed, and there was a need to make adjustments to the patient's treatment strategy (n = 10), or the type of operation was changed (n = 4). In seven patients (0.7%), findings from 18F-FDG PET/CT images did not require any changes of the treatment plan. F-FDG PET/CT provides new findings in addition to conventional techniques in the staging of primary rectal cancer. These findings could change the patients' treatment strategies.

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