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Palmas de Monte Alto, Brazil

Andrade R.S.,UFT | Stone L.F.,Embrapa Arroz e Feijao
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2013

This study aims to verify that the equation proposed by Dexter et al. (2007) for calculating the soil resistance to penetration, based on the reciprocal of the S index and on effective stress is applicable to 'Cerrado' soils. Correlation was established between the calculated values and soil attributes and it was compared with critical values in the literature and field data. The study was conducted with 2242 soil samples of 'Cerrado' soils, which contained information on textural classification, bulk density and soil water retention. It was found that value of soil penetration resistance equal to or greater than 1900 kPa, determined at soil water content equivalent to field capacity, can be considered indicator of compacted soils and that the equation proposed by Dexter et al. (2007) to estimate the soil resistance to penetration is adequate for 'Cerrado' soils. However, it should be further tested to determine its predictive power. Source

Kato S.,High Energy Accelerator Research Organization | Nishiwaki M.,High Energy Accelerator Research Organization | Tyagi P.V.,GUAS | Azuma S.,UFT | Yamamoto F.,UFT
IPAC 2010 - 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference | Year: 2010

Niobium electropolishing for SRF cavities are generally considered to be the best technology today. However, hydrofluoric and sulfuric acid mixture usually used in the EP process is harmful and requires us carefully controlled handling of it and the many additional facilities. In this article, we propose a new application of electrochemical buffing (ECB) to niobium SRF cavity. In the method of ECB, a rotating disk with abrasive fine particles where electrolyte is supplied is pressed against the workpiece. The disk and the work function as a cathode and an anode, respectively and an aqueous solution of sodium nitrate is used for the electrolyte. This technology brings us a couple of remarkable advantages like high etching rate, ultra small surface roughness, cost-effective and environment-compatible polishing. Source

Erasmo E.A.L.,Federal University of Tocantins | Costa N.V.,West Parana State University | Peruzzo A.S.,UFT | Barberato Junior J.E.,UFT
Planta Daninha | Year: 2010

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of applying different pre-emergent herbicides, alone and in combination, on sunflower crop in wetland soil. The sunflower variety Embrapa V122 and the triple hybrid Agrobel 972 were evaluated individually using a randomized block design with four replications. Two experiments were conducted, with the following treatments being used in both: Oxadiazon (250 g ha-1), oxyfluorfen (240 g ha-1), S-metolachlor (1.440 g ha-1), flumetsulam (120 g ha-1), pendimethalin (1.000 g ha-1), oxyfluorfen+S-metolachlor (192+960 g ha-1), flumetsulam+S metolachlor (72+960 g ha-1), pendimethalin+S-metolachlor (1.000+1.440 g ha-1), pendimethalin+flumetsulam (1.000+72 g ha-1), and two controls, with and without weeding. Plant height, stem diameter, chapter and grain yield diameter were submitted to statistical multivariate tests of cluster analysis and Principal Components Analysis. The results were similar in both cultivars evaluated, showing the formation of three main groups. with the first and second groups consisting of the controls with and without weeding, respectively. The third group was composed of the herbicides applied alone and in combination. The effects caused by the herbicides applied alone and in combination on the variables analyzed were found to be less harmful than the effects of weed interference. These results show the potential for selectivity of the herbicides applied alone and in combination on the sunflower variety Embrapa V122 and on the triple hybrid Agrobel 972, under the evaluated conditions. Source

Fidelis R.R.,Federal University of Tocantins | Rotili E.A.,UFT | dos Santos M.M.,Federal University of Tocantins | Barros H.B.,Federal University of Tocantins | Rodrigues A.M.,UFT
Bioscience Journal | Year: 2012

This research's objective was to study the efficiency in the usage of nitrogen in rice cultivars on high land in the south of Tocantins State. The experiments involved sex commercial cultivars of rice (BRS-Bonança BRSCaiapó, BRS-Sertaneja, BRSMG-Curinga, BRSMG-Conai and BRS-Primavera), which were farmed in two distinct environments. In order to stimulate areas with high and low nitrogen levels, there were used doses of 20 and 120 kg ha-1 of P2O5 respectively. The experiments were carried out in a completely randomized blocks design, with four replicates. Throughout production the grain's productivity was classified as efficient cultivars in respect to the application and response of nitrogen. Did not identify efficient cultivars in response to the usage of nitrogen. The cultivars BRS-Bonança, BRS-Caiapó and BRS-Primavera demonstrated efficiencies in the use of nitrogen and no responsive to its application. Source

de Sa D.A.C.,Campus Universitario Of Palmas | dos Santos G.R.,UFT | Furtado G.Q.,Federal University of Vicosa | Erasmo E.A.L.,UFT | do Nascimento I.R.,UFT
Revista Brasileira de Sementes | Year: 2011

The objective of the present study was to determine the transport rate of a fungus population associated with Jatropha curcas seeds and the pathogenicity of these microrganisms to seedlings and fruit and also the fruit-seed and seed-seedling transmissibility. The transport rate of seeds produced in Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Bahia and Tocantins states was evaluated using the blotter test. The seeds were submitted to the following treatments: without disinfestation, with tegument (SDCT), without disinfestation, without tegument (SDST), with disinfestation, with tegument (CDCT) and with disinfestations, without tegument (CDST). The incidence (%) of the fungi was assessed using a binocular stereomicroscope. Suspensions of 106 spores and PDA discs with mycelium were inoculated for the pathogenicity tests on seedlings and fruits, respectively. For the phytopathogenic fungi, the fruit-seed and seed-seedling transmissibility were evaluated. The SDCT treatment allowed the detection of a greater number of fungi. The identified fungi were Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, C. capsici, Curvularia sp., Verticillium sp., Fusarium sp., Penicillium sp., Aspergillus sp., A. Niger, Rhizopus sp. Only the Colletotrichum species is pathogenic to seedlings and fruit. For both species there is fruit-seed transmissibility but no seed-seedling transmission. Source

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