Cruz das Almas, Brazil
Cruz das Almas, Brazil

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Damasceno J.C.A.,UFRB CCAAB | Soares A.C.F.,UFRB CCAAB | Jesus F.N.,UFRB CCAAB | Sant'Ana R.S.,UFRB CCAAB
Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2015

The effect of sisal liquid residue (fresh and fermented) was evaluated in controlling the root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne javanica) in tomato plants. Bioassays were conducted in vitro with 100 µL of an aqueous suspension containing 300 juveniles (J2) of M. javanica and 1000 µL of sisal liquid residue. The treatments consisted of nematode immersion for 24 and 48 hours in sisal liquid residue, fresh or fermented, diluted in water to the final concentrations of 0, 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10, 12.5, 15, 17.5 and 20%, and nematicide Carbofuran at 350 mg/L of the active ingredient. Under greenhouse conditions, 4000 juveniles of M. javanica were inoculated on tomato plants grown in pots, and after one week, 100 mL of sisal liquid residue at concentrations of 0, 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20%, were added to soil around the tomato plants. Control treatments received either 100 mL of distilled water or 0.5 g of Carbofuran per pot. Forty days after inoculation, plants were harvested and evaluated for plant growth and root damage. In addition, the selective effect of sisal liquid residue on growth of beneficial soil microorganisms was evaluated. All concentrations of sisal liquid residue presented nematicidal effect, after 48 h of nematode exposure. A mortality rate of 100% was obtained for M. javanica juveniles exposed to liquid residue at a concentration of 20%. Application of increasing concentrations of both sisal liquid residues reduced the number of galls and egg masses per plant and per gram of roots, as well as the final population of M. javanica in soil. Growth of beneficial soil microorganisms was observed in soil amended with sisal fresh liquid residue, for all concentrations tested. The fermented residue caused inhibition of soil beneficial microorganisms. Future studies should be conducted to test the nematicidal effect on tomato plants under field conditions. © 2015 Sociedade de Olericultura do Brasil. All rights reserved.

Cirne L.G.A.,UFRB | Baroni M.R.,UFRB | de Oliveira P.A.,UFRB | de Oliveira G.J.C.,UFRB CCAAB | And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia | Year: 2012

The objective of this experiment was to evaluate productive performance of lambs fed different levels of Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) in the making of gliricidia forage salt. A total of 30 180-day-old male crossbred Santa Inês lambs of 25 kg body weight were confined in 1 m2 stalls, fed Tifton-85 (Cynadon spp.) hay, fodder salts and water ad libitum. The experimental design was randomized, composed of six repetitions of five treatments. The formulation of gliricidia forage salt was 0 (100% NaCl), 93, 95, 97 and 99% gliricidia hay with 7, 5, 3 and 1% NaCl, respectively. The experiment was conducted for 74 d, with 14 d for adaptation and 60 d for sampling. Gliricidia forage salt supplementation showed no effect (P<0.05) on dry matter, organic matter or neutral detergent fiber intake, although it affected (P<0.05) crude protein and ether extract intake. The highest performance of animals was observed in gliricidia forage salt with 99% addition of gliricidia. © 2012 Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia.

Silva P.C.C.,Federal University of Ceará | de Jesus F.N.,Cruz das Almas | Alves A.C.,Cruz das Almas | Dejesus C.A.S.,Cruz das Almas | dos Santos A.R.,UFRB CCAAB
Bioscience Journal | Year: 2013

The use of techniques to mitigate potential contaminant metals in the soil, among them, then justifies the phytoremediation studies relating plant species that have the capacity to adapt to environments contaminated. This study aimed to evaluate the growth characteristics and tolerance index of sunflower plants grown in the contaminated with lead. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse at the Federal University in the Recôncavo of Bahia, using nutrient solution. We used a completely randomized design, testing five doses of lead: 0; 51.8; 103.6, 207.2 and 414.4 mg L-1Pb, with four replications. The plants were subjected to the application of treatments over a period of 30 days. Were collected the following growth variables: height, diameter, number of leaves, leaf number unviable, leaf area, total chlorophyll. We collected partitioned into leaves, stem (petiole + stem) and root and subsequently measured their mass values of these components. The presence of lead promoted significant effect on the values of all variables of growth. Lead significantly reduced the dry weight of sunflower plants when they were high concentrations. Sunflower seedlings have a tolerance index near 85%, when grown at low concentrations. © 2013 Universidade Federal de Uberlandia. All rights reserved.

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