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Biato E.C.L.,Federal University of Mato Grosso | da Costa L.B.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Monteiro S.B.,UFMT
Ciencia e Saude Coletiva | Year: 2017

This paper aims to discuss the concept of health, understood as multiple and plural. We use Friedrich Nietzsche’s philosophical thought as an analytical tool, allowing us to reach a typology involving minor and major health. While the first is normative and sustained by an ideal of healing, the second is an expanding strength, a condition constantly achieved. If minor health follows a preset life moralization script, major health relates to the expanded living being, which affirms its creative nature and transcends established rules. The notion of major health embraces the overcoming of imperative models rooted in biomedicine-based practices and approaches to health collective actions. Nevertheless, on the one hand, if this movement extends the co-participatory nature between staff and users of the health system, on the other hand, it lacks more radical actions to break with the moral nature of health-disease processes. Not refusing life’s own vicissitudes, major health understands the need to incorporate pain and suffering involved in individuation movements. © 2017, Associacao Brasileira de Pos - Graduacao em Saude Coletiva. All rights reserved.

Britto E.P.J.,UFMT | Barreto M.R.,UFMT | de Moraes G.J.,University of Sao Paulo
International Journal of Acarology | Year: 2017

The genus Asca Heyden is the most numerous of the family Ascidae Voigts & Oudemans (Mesostigmata), comprising 148 valid species. A new species of this genus, Asca mariae n. sp., is here described based on adult females and males collected from litter of banana plantations at Sinop, Mato Grosso state, northwestern Brazil. It differs from Asca craneae De Leon by having 17 pairs of setae on the podonotal shield. It also differs from Asca craneta De Leon by having ad2 and pd2 of tarsus IV only slightly curved and Asca hexaspinosa Karg by having podonotal and opisthonotal shields distinctly reticulate. This is the first description of an Asca species from Brazil. http://www.zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A771490F-1662-4352-9E63-D0C300B43F42 © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

Leite D.,UFMT | Vainsencher I.,Federal University of Minas Gerais
Journal of Pure and Applied Algebra | Year: 2017

Let F(d;n) be the parameter space of the family of holomorphic foliations of codimension one and degree d in Pn. Gomez-Mont and Lins-Neto have shown that the Zariski closure of the set of foliations defined by a differential 1-form of type aFdG-bGdF, where F, G denote co-prime homogeneous polynomials of degrees a,b is an irreducible component of F(a+b-2;n). Our main result gives a formula for the degree of this component for a=2, b odd. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

De Jesus Delgado M.A.,UFMT | Pourakbari-Kasmaei M.,São Paulo State University | Rider M.J.,University of Campinas
Conference Proceedings - 2017 17th IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2017 1st IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe, EEEIC / I and CPS Europe 2017 | Year: 2017

This paper presents two Branch and Bound algorithms (B&B) for solving mixed-integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) problems with nonconvex search space. The main advantage of the proposed algorithms, comparing with the commonly used B&B algorithms, is using an innovative way of variables' separation and subproblems' division while, if necessary, one more variable is used in the separation process. This approach allows circumventing the probable difficulties caused by nonlinearity and nonconvexity. This paper aims at addressing the following issues of how to: 1) deal with nonlinear programming problems, 2) detect the infeasibility of the resulted NLP problems, and 3) deal with the nonconvexity of the problem. In order to show the applicability, the proposed algorithms are applied to one of the most complicated problems in power system, the long-term static transmission expansion planning, which is modeled as an MINLP problem. Several case studies such as Garver 6-bus, IEEE 24-bus, South Brazilian 46-bus, Bolivian 57-bus, and the Colombian 93-bus are conducted to reveal the effectiveness and shortcoming of the proposed algorithms. Results show that the proposed algorithms can find the best-known solutions for most of the aforementioned systems with a significant reduction in the number of subproblems. © 2017 IEEE.

Pereira E.G.,Federal University of Viçosa | Da Silva J.N.,Federal University of Viçosa | De Oliveira J.L.,UFMT | MacHado C.S.,Federal University of Viçosa
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2012

Biomass has been widely recognized as a clean and renewable energy source, with increasing potential to replace conventional fossil fuels in the energy market. The abundance of biomass ranks it as the third energy resource after oil and coal. The reduction of imported forms of energy, and the conservation of the limited supply of fossil fuels, depends upon the utilization of all other available fuel energy sources. Energy conversion systems based on the use of biomass are of particular interest to scientists because of their potential to reduce global CO 2 emissions. With these considerations, gasification methods come to the forefront of biomass-to-energy conversions for a number of reasons. Primarily, gasification is more advantageous because of the conversion of biomass into a combustible gas, making it a more efficient process than other thermochemical processes. Biomass gasification has been studied widely as an efficient and sustainable technology for the generation of heat, production of hydrogen and ethanol, and power generation. Renewable energy can have a significant positive impact for developing countries. In rural areas, particularly in remote locations, transmission and distribution of energy generated from fossil fuels can be difficult and expensive, a challenge that renewable energy can attempt to correct by facilitating economic and social development in communities. This paper aims to take stock of the latest technologies for gasification. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Santos C.,UFMT | Riyuiti A.,University of Sao Paulo
IEEE Latin America Transactions | Year: 2012

Metadata is data that fully describes the data and the areas they represent, allowing the user to decide on their use as best as possible. Allow reporting on the existence of a set of data linked to specific needs. The use of metadata has the purpose of documenting and organizing a structured organizational data in order to minimize duplication of efforts to locate them and to facilitate maintenance. It also provides the administration of large amounts of data, discovery, retrieval and editing features. The global use of metadata is regulated by a technical group or task force composed of several segments such as industries, universities and research firms. Agriculture in particular is a good example for the development of typical applications using metadata is the integration of systems and equipment, allowing the implementation of techniques used in precision agriculture, the integration of different computer systems via webservices or other type of solution requires the integration of structured data. The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the standards of metadata areas consolidated as agricultural. © 2005 IEEE.

da Costa H.C.B.A.L.,UFMT | Santos R.L.,Mato Grosso Cancer Hospital | de Aguilar-Nascimento J.E.,UFMT
Revista do Colegio Brasileiro de Cirurgioes | Year: 2013

Objective: To compare the postoperative clinical outcomes of patients undergoing cancer surgery in the Mato Grosso Cancer Hospital before and after implementation of the ACERTO protocol. Methods: We prospectively observed 271 patients during two periods: the first between April and May 2010 (n = 101) comprised patients undergoing conventional conducts (Phase 1) and the second from September to October 2010 (n = 171) formed by patients undergoing a new protocol of perioperative established by ACERTO (Phase 2). The variables examined were length of preoperative fasting, reintroduction of diet in the postoperative period, hydration volume and length of stay. Results: When comparing the two periods, in Phase 2 there was a decrease of approximately 50% in the time of preoperative fasting (14.7 [4-48] hours vs 7.2 [1-48] hours, p <0.001), a reduction of approximately 35% of the volume of intravenous fluids in the immediate postoperative period (p <0.001), 47% in the first postoperative day (p <0.001) and 28% at second PO (p = 0.04), with an overall reduction of 23% (p <0.001). There was no difference in length of postoperative hospital stay between the two phases (3.9 [0-51] vs. 3.2 [0-15] days, p = 0,52). However, in patients whose time of preoperative fasting was up to 5 hours, hospitalization time decreased by one day (3.8 [0-51] vs 2.5 [0-15] days, p = 0.03). Conclusion: The adoption of ACERTO measures is feasible and safe in cancer patients. After implementation of the ACERTO protocol, there was reduction of intravenous fluids volume and, when the preoperative fasting was reduced, hospitalization time was shorter.

The benefits obtained by an organism when involved in a mutualistic interaction vary depending on environmental factors, as well as among the identity of the involved species. In this study, we showed that four ant species, Crematogaster brasiliensis, Allomerus octoarticulatus, and two unidentified Azteca species can be found associated to the myrmecophite Cordia nodosa in riparian forests in the South of Amazonia. This composition of ant-associated species is more similar in forests of Andean Amazon than in Central Amazonia. The colonization of an ant colony on C. nodosa seems to be vital in order to decrease herbivory, as increased the probability of a plant sets fruits. Moreover, even though we did not find significant differences in herbivory among plants colonized by different ant species, the probability of a plant produces fruits is much lower when it is colonized by Allomerus ants. Overall, this study shows that C. nodosa depends on ants to reproduce. However, based on other empirical studies across the Amazon, our results also suggest that Allomerus ants can act as flower castrator, acting as a parasite over its geographic range.

Our aim was to understand the experience of sickening of a person with chronic kidney disease in hemodialysis. This was a qualitative study, of the case study kind. Data collection was made from February to July 2008, by in depth interview, that happened in a private institution accredited by the Brazilian Single Health System (SUS), in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. The data were analyzed through the content analysis method, that made appear the meaning of body, labor daily life, hemodialysis and the machine. From these, we could reach the category "the entrance to the world of hemodialysis". The results showed that living with chronic kidney disease and hemodialysis imposes the need to experience ambiguous feelings of anger and gratitude towards the machine and promotes a biographical rupture. Our conclusion was that professionals who worked with these patients lead an important role in stimulating and emphasizing their patient's autonomy and that this role must be based in the understanding of the each patient's individual values, desires, beliefs and priorities.

The access to health service is a right of every Brazilian citizen, and it is closely related to the principles of receptiveness and bond. This qualitative study, that took the Users' Rights Charter as a reference, aims to analyze how users from a Family Health Unit in the city of Cuiabá, state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, view access, receptiveness and bond. A case study was carried out and the data were collected through semi-structured interviews and interpreted through thematic analysis. The results show access perceived in a not always positive way, due to delays in treatment and a low resolution of cases, leading to the search for other services. The lack of knowledge by the user of his rights and the incipient organization of the service network explain, to some extent, the user's dissatisfaction, pointing to the need for the reorganization of the services and the network, as they are the gateway to the system.

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