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Jha S.K.,UFHT Medical College Haldwani | Mohapatra S.C.,IMS | Mishra C.P.,IMS | Awasthi S.,UFHT Medical College Haldwani | And 2 more authors.
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2010

Background Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health problem worldwide and India rank first in terms of total numbers of incident cases. Directly Observed Treatment Short Course (DOTS) is the heart of Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP) and the effectiveness of this programme has not been evaluated in the rural setup of Varanasi. With this background this study was conducted in this area. Objective To describe the socio demographic characteristics of registered patients in PHC Chiraigaon block and the treatment outcome of DOTS. Methods This study was conducted in Primary Health Center (PHC) Chiraigaon community development block of Varanasi district adopting a community based prospective design. All the case of TB patients registered at PHC Chiraigaon block from 1st July 2006 to 30th June 2007, were the study subjects and were followed up to 15 months to know the treatment outcome as recommended by RNTCP. Information pertaining to patients was collected by interviewing them with the help of predesigned and pretested interview schedule. Results About half 75 (51.7%) patients were male and rest 48.3% were females. The treatment success rate was 109(75.2%). The defaulter rate was 25(17.2%). Patients who received drugs from Informal DOT Providers were significantly more likely to be Defaulters than patients who were treated by Formal DOT Providers (Relative risk = 3.5; 95% Confidence Interval=1.1-11.1; p=0.03). None of DOT providers was found to observe the swallowing of tablets by the patients Conclusion The cure rate in our study was below and defaulter rate was more than the target of RNTCP and the important factors identified were type of DOT providers and distance of patients from DOT center. © 2010, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved. Source


Prakash C.,UFHT Medical College Haldwani | Bala R.,UFHT Medical College Haldwani | Deopa D.,UFHT Medical College Haldwani | Rai A.,UFHT Medical College Haldwani | Roham,UFHT Medical College Haldwani
Medico-Legal Update | Year: 2010

An electrical discharge between a negatively charged thunder cloud and a positively charged object on the earth causes lightening. A single flash which is of an enormous potential last about 1/1000 of seconds. The effect of lightening estimated about 100-1000 million volts with current of about 2000amperes. The effect of lightening on the human body depends on number of feature such as intensity of the current, the time it spend passing through the body and the pathway involved. Dry skin and dry clothes are bad conductors where as wet clothes and wet skins are good conductors. Source


Prakash C.,UFHT Medical College Haldwani | Singh S.,UFHT Medical College Haldwani | Shrivastava B.,UFHT Medical College Haldwani | Rawat U.,UFHT Medical College Haldwani | And 2 more authors.
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2010

In recent years a new kind of rape threat has reared its ugly head at parties, on campuses and in nightclubs - so called "predator" or "date rape" drugs. What exactly are date rape drugs? Technically speaking, any substance that renders you incapable of saying no or asserting yourself and your needs can be used to commit rape. This can include things like alcohol, marijuana or other street drugs, designer or club drugs like ecstasy, over-the-counter sleeping pills and antihistamines, even cold medications. However, the term "date rape drug" usually applies to the drugs Rohypnol, Gamma Hydroxy Butyrate (GHB) and Ketamine Hydrochloride, because these drugs can easily be mixed in drinks to make a person black out and forget things that happen. Both girls and guys who have been given these drugs reports feeling paralyzed, having blurred vision, and lack of memory. Source

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