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Braoios A.,UFG regional Jatai | Alves J.L.B.,State University of Maringá
Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial | Year: 2014

Introduction: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) affect people worldwide. Escherichia coli is the main agent of UTI, however the etiology may vary according to the age and sex of the patient. Regional variations in the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance should be considered for therapy choice. Objectives: This study aimed to conduct a survey on the main agents of UTI, and assess the resistance of these microorganisms, during the period of March 2010 to June 2012 in the city of Jataí-GO. Method: A retrospective cross-sectional study were performed, collecting data on the prevalence of uropathogens and their sensitivity profiles which were evaluated by disk diffusion method. Results: During this period, 2,181 urine cultures were evaluated, of which 510 (23.4%) were positive, predominantly female (81.4%) and aged between 21 and 64 years old (59.7%). The most frequently isolated microorganism was E. coli (61%), followed by Staphylococcus saprophyticus (9.4%), and Proteus (9.4%). The prevalence of these bacteria according to the patient sex has suffered a statistically significant change (p < 0.05). It was possible to detect high resistance rate of E. coli to some antibiotics of choice for UTI treatment, such as ampicillin (57.9 %), pipemidic acid (50.5 %), nalidixic acid (48.6 %), and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (44.8%). Conclusion: These data demonstrate the need to know the reality of each region in order to establish an appropriate empirical therapy, when it is not possible to perform culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing.

Cruz S.C.S.,UFG Regional Jatai | Machado C.G.,UFG Regional Jatai | de Sena Junior D.G.,UFG Regional Jatai | Cruz S.J.S.,Bolsista PNPD UEG UnU Ipameri
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2014

Several studies related to potassium fertilization in Brazil indicate lack of response to this nutrient. However, most of these surveys were conducted in soils with K levels from medium to high, Another aspect that should be considered is the presence of cover crops, which may affect the response to this nutrient. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of K2O levels associated with ground cover with 'Marandu' grass (bread grass) on corn yield and soil K content. The experiment consisted of 8 treatments established in a randomized block design in a split plot arrangement. Each dose of K2O (0, 75, 150 and 225 kg ha-1), in the form of potassium chloride, corresponded to a plot and the subplots were formed by the presence or absence of bread grass straw. In the soil with low K content, corn yield response was noticed, regardless the presence of bread grass straw. Surface application of potassium fertilizer, with or without straw, increases the soil K levels, even in deeper layers. The use of bread grass as a cover crop increases the potassium fertilization efficiency, with a consequent increase in corn yield.

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