Arapiraca, Brazil
Arapiraca, Brazil
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Da Silva A.A.S.,Federal University of Alagoas | Ribeiro M.V.M.R.,Federal University of Alagoas | De Sousa-Rodrigues C.F.,Ufal | Barbosa F.T.,Health science
Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira | Year: 2017

Objective: Determine whether there is an association between the risk of cardiovascular adverse events and the use of antipsychotic agents. Method: Analysis of original articles retrieved from the following databases: LILACS, PubMed, Cochrane Controlled Trials Clinical Data Bank (CENTRAL) and PsycINFO, without language restriction, dated until November 2015. After screening of 2,812 studies, three cohort original articles were selected for quality analysis. Results: 403,083 patients with schizophrenia and 119,015 participants in the control group data were analyzed. The occurrence of cardiovascular events observed in the articles was: 63.5% (article 1), 13.1% (article 2) and 24.95% (article 3) in the group of treated schizophrenic patients, and 46.2%, 86.9% and 24.9%, respectively, in the control groups. Conclusion: Clinical heterogeneity among the studies led to a provisional response and made it impossible to perform the meta-Analysis, although the articles demonstrate an association between cardiovascular adverse events and the use of antipsychotics. More quality clinical trials are needed to support this evidence.

e Silva B.M.,UFAL | Rego L.M.,UFAL | Galvao M.A.,UFAL | Cavalcante J.C.,UFAL
Revista do Colegio Brasileiro de Cirurgioes | Year: 2013

Objective: To assess the prevalence of sexual dysfunction in obese and overweight patients treated at the Professor Alberto Antunes University Hospital (HUPAA - UFAL). Methods: This is a descriptive study. The sample consisted of overweight or obese females. Anthropometric data were collected for assessment of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). In all subjects we measured the levels of blood glucose, total cholesterol and triglycerides. We applied a Portuguese-validated version of the Female Sexual Function Index (FSDI), which assesses sexual response as for desire, arousal, vaginal lubrication, orgasm, sexual satisfaction and pain. The total score is the sum of scores for each domain multiplied by the corresponding factor and can vary from '2 'to '36', a total score less than or equal to'26 'being considered risky for sexual dysfunction. Results: We evaluated 23 women with a mean age of 44, where 73.9% were obese and 82.6% had a highly increased risk for metabolic complications (WC e" 88cm). The increased risk for sexual dysfunction was present in 78.3% of the interviewees, causing biopsychosocial impairment. Hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia were present in 33.3%, 22.2% and 61.1%, respectively, of patients at risk for sexual dysfunction. Conclusion: The analysis of the results demonstrates the need for better research and attention of physicians to patients with obesity or overweight.

The purpose of the present study was to analyze gas exchanges in leaves and the parameters of productivity of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris, L.) submitted to two water deficiency periods during which three water regimes were employed: W1 (1,0 ETo during the entire plant cycle); W2 (1,0 ETo up to the flowering period and irrigation interruption from the 37 to the 51st day following sowing, and W3 (in addition to the reproductive phase, water deficit was also applied during the vegetative stage). Photosynthesis was one of the main physiological factors affected by water deficit. This was not only caused by the stomata closure, but also by carboxilation reduction due to metabolic damage. This effect was, however, offset 24 h after rehydration. During flowering, the water deficit caused crop productivity to drop significantly, reducing the number of pods and the number of seeds per pod, independently of the water deficit during the vegetative stage. The weight of 100 seeds however, was the same regardless of treatment. These results suggest that the water deficit caused the reduction of photo-assimilates, which affected grain productivity. Nevertheless, once properly formed, seeds developed totally; a strategy of the plant to produce less seeds under stress, but viable to perpetuate the species.

de Magalhaes A.P.N.,University of Sao Paulo | Alves V.M.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Comassetto I.,University of Sao Paulo | Lima P.C.,UFAL | And 2 more authors.
Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria | Year: 2014

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of the victims of suicide attempts treated in pre-hospital services and the time intervals consumed in this phase of care. Methods: Cross- -sectional study, which used data from pre-hospital care to victims of suicide attempts occurred in the town of Arapiraca, in 2011. For data analysis, Fisher's exact test, Student's t test and multiple logistic regression were performed. Results: A total of 80 victims of suicide attempts were treated by pre-hospital care service. Women over the age of men were the most attempted suicide victims (n = 44, 55%) and drug intoxication was the most used method (n = 44, 55%). Suicide attempts occurred more frequently in autumn (n = 29, 36.25%), on Sunday (n = 18, 22.5%), mainly in the afternoon (n = 33, 41.25%). The time spent in the pre- -hospital care varied between 34.4 and 40.5 minutes. The variables that were associated with suicide attempts by sex were: age (p = 0.03) and the transportation time (p = 0.01). Conclusion: It was found that there were differences between the sexes of the victims of suicide attempts treated by pre-hospital attendance. Women were older than men and the transportation time was higher in male victims, suggesting greater severity in suicide attempts committed by this particular group.

PubMed | Alagoas State University of Health Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, UFAL and UFAL.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Investigacion y educacion en enfermeria | Year: 2015

To understand the phenomenon experienced by nursing students in their academic practices in view of death and dying.This was a qualitative study, based on Martin Heidegger existential phenomenology, undertaken at a public University in Alagoas, Brazil, between August and October 2013. Seven senior students of nursing were interviewed.The phenomenological analysis yielded the following existential themes: Facing death and dying in academic practice; Acknowledging impotence in the face of death; Glimpsing the possibility of solicitude; Interacting with the family in view of the loss; Experiencing spirituality in the face of dying.It is deduced that, during the academic education, the theme involving death and dying has been addressed insufficiently, without precisely attending to all the demands of the nursing students during care in the dying process.

Moreira R.A.,UFAL | Ramos J.D.,Federal University of Lavras | de Araujo N.A.,UFAL | Marques V.B.,UFAL
Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura | Year: 2011

The aim of the work was to evaluate the influence of organic fertilization and application of calcified seaweed in production and fruit quality of red pitaya. The experimental design was randomized blocks with eight fertilizers: control, cattle manure, chicken manure, calcified seaweed, cattle manure + chicken manure, cattle manure + calcified seaweed, chicken manure + calcified seaweed and cattle manure + chicken manure + calcified seaweed, applied every three months since September 2008, with three replications and plot consisted of four plants. Fruits were evaluated in February / March 2010. After harvesting the cladodes of plants were removed for carrying out the analysis of the levels of nutrients, in July 2010. Transverse diameter, longitudinal diameter, mass, pulp percentage, acidity, soluble solids and ratio were evaluated. Data were subjected to analysis of variance and Scott-Knott test at 5% probability. The plants fertilized with cattle manure + chicken manure produced the highest number of fruits per plant and the addition of calcified seaweed favored fruit quality of red pitaya.

Goncalves E.R.,UFAL | Ferreira V.M.,UFAL | Silva J.V.,UFAL | Endres L.,UFAL | And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2010

Water stress affects a great part of the world's agriculture. Thus, this work was conducted to evaluate photosynthetic traits in four varieties of sugarcane (SP79-1011, RB72454, RB98710 and RB92579) submitted to water stress during the early stage of the vegetative period. The plants were cultivated in plastic pots (15 kg of soil). The study was a factorial (4 varieties × 3 levels of soil water content based on available water capacity (AWC)), in a completely randomized design with 5 replications. The levels of water content in the soil were as follows: control (80 to 100% of AWC), moderate water stress (40 to 60% of AWC) and severe water stress (0 to 20% of AWC). Water stress provoked a significant reduction in stomatic condutance (gs), foliar transpiration (E), net photosynthesis (A) and in the water use efficiency of production (WUEy), irrespective of varieties. The varieties SP79-1011 and RB98710 showed greater stomatal sensitivity, reducing gs and E by the 71 days after the beginning of the water stress treatments, even in the control. However, under such conditions A was little affected, indicating that the plants are capable to fixing CO2 with stomata partially closed. Water stress caused a small reduction in the potential photochemical efficiency (Fv/Fm ratio) in the studied varieties.

Bastos A.L.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | da Costa J.P.V.,UFAL | da Silva I.F.,Federal University of Paraiba | Raposo R.W.C.,Federal University of Paraiba | And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2010

An experiment was conducted in a greenhouse of the Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Federal de Alagoas Rio Largo/AL, aiming to evaluate the effect of different doses of P recommended by the maximum adsortion capacity of phosphorus CMAP (%), on content of P and the production of mass of dry matter in corn. The soils were classified as cohesive Yellow Latosol, Gray Argisol, Fluvic Neosol, Quartzarenic Neosol, ortic Chromic Luvisol and palic Chromic Luvisol. Soil samples were taken for physical, chemical and mineralogical analyses. The experiment was arranged in a factorial design (6 x 4) corresponding to the 6 soils and the 4 doses of P (0, 10, 20 and 30% of the CMAP), in a randomized block design. The determination of the remenecent P was made in a equilibrium solution. The CMAP was determined through the remenecent phosphorus. As experimental units, plastic pots were used with the capacity of 10 dm3 containing 7 dm3 of soil. The mass of dry matter of the aerial part of the plant presented better result in the palic Chromic Luvisol, with the dose of 10% of the CMAP and the Fluvic Neosol provided the highest content of phosphorus in the plant with the dose of 30% of the CMAP.

Sousa I.F.,DEA UFS | Netto A.O.A.,DEA UFS | Campeche L.F.M.S.,Federal University of São Paulo | Barros A.C.,UFAL | And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2011

This paper, as Part II of a research carried out in Sergipe state, aims to determine evapotranspiration and crop coefficient of dwarf-green coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) based on lysimeter measurements and Bowen ratio-energy balance method. The reference evapotranspiration was obtained by the Penman-Monteith approach on daily-scale during the experimental period. The data acquisition system was used to obtain all data from the sensors necessary to determine the energy balance components. The water requirements of coconut palm during the phenological growth stage is 1263.30 mm, with daily average of 3.90 mm d-1. The crop coefficient during this phenological growth stage varies between 0.50 and 1.80, with daily mean of 0.96.

This article records the traditional knowledge of crab gatherers in the city of Conde, in the North Coast Region of Bahia State, Northeastern Brazil. Data on biological and ecological aspects of economically important brachyuran crustaceans have been obtained from semi-structured interviews and in loco observations conducted from September 2007 to December 2009. A total of 57 fishermen of both genders, aged between 10 and 78 years have been interviewed (individually or collectively) in different contexts; interviewees were asked about aspects such as external morphology, life cycle, trophic ecology, and spatial and temporal distribution of the major economically important brachyuran crustaceans in the region. Seven fishing communities were visited: Siribinha, Sítio do Conde, Poças, Ilha das Ostras, Cobó, Buri and Sempre Viva. Data were analyzed by comparing the information provided by participants with those from the specialized academic literature. The results show that artisanal fishermen have a wide ranging and well-grounded knowledge on the ecological and biological aspects of crustaceans. Crab gatherers of Conde know about growth and reproductive behavior of the animals they interact with, especially with regard to the three major biological aspects: "molt", "walking dance" and "spawning". This knowledge constitutes an important source of information that should be considered in studies of management and sustainable use of fishery resources in the North Coast Region of Bahia State.

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