Revista Neurociencias | Year: 2014
Objective. Assess the level of depression in subjects post-stroke submitted to physiotherapy in Campina Grande, Paraíba. Method. It’s cross-sectional, exploratory, descriptive and analytical, with quantitative approach. Were assessed by the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), sociodemographic questionnaire and the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D), 42 subjects poststroke distributed in public institutions which provided physiotherapy in the city of Campina Grande, Paraíba, in the year, 2012. The data were expressed as average, standard deviation, frequency and frequency distribution using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 20.0. This study was approved by the CEP/UEPB under number 0731.0.133.000-11. Results. Considering the analysis data of socio-demographics, there was a female predominance 57.1% and a mean age of 56.98 ± 12.09 years, ranging between 23 and 75 years. In general, when evaluated the presence and degree of depression in these individuals through the HAM-D, it was possible to observe a large contingent relationships between moderate and severe depression, totaling 50% of the sample. If considered individuals who had some degree of depression, the situation becomes more worrisome, 90.5% of subjects not fit this situation. Conclusion. Post-stroke depression is a risk factor present and was associated with female gender, ischemic stroke and functional impairment. © 2015, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo. All rights reserved.
Gas exchange and photochemical efficiency of cotton cultivars under leaf application of silicon [Trocas gasosas e eficiência fotoquímica de cultivares de algodoeiro herbáceo sob aplicação de silício foliar]
De Souza Ferraz R.L.,São Paulo State University |
De Macedo Beltrao N.E.,EMBRAPA - Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária |
De Melo A.S.,State University of Paraíba |
Magalhaes I.D.,CSIC - Institute of Agricultural Sciences |
And 2 more authors.
Semina:Ciencias Agrarias | Year: 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate gas exchange and photochemical efficiency of cotton cultivars under leaf application of silicon. Therefore, the experiment was conducted in a completely randomized in a factorial 3 x 5, three cotton cultivars ('BRS Topázio', 'BRS Safira' and 'BRS Rubi'), five silicon concentrations (0, 50, 100, 150, 200 mg L-1) and four replications. Gas exchange and photochemical efficiency were determined by measuring the rate of CO2 assimilation, transpiration, stomatal conductance, internal CO2 concentration, instantaneous efficiency in water use, instantaneous carboxylation efficiency, initial fluorescence, maximum quantum efficiency of the variable and photosystem II (PSII). The data variables were subjected to analysis of variance and regression test comparison of means. There were significant differences in gas exchange and photochemical efficiency in response to concentrations of silicon. There were also significant differences among cotton cultivars evaluated. In cultivar 'BRS Topázio', the application of silicon increased CO2 assimilation rate and quantum efficiency of PSII. In 'BRS Safira' silicon reduced the rate of assimilation and internal CO2 concentration. In 'BRS Rubi' element increased the fluorescence of chlorophyll 'a' and quantum efficiency of photosystem II, and reduced the rate of assimilation and internal CO2 concentration and stomatal conductance. Silicate fertilization provided 'BRS Topázio' to express better photosynthetic rate in relation to 'BRS Safira' and 'BRS Rubi'. No damage occurred in PSII when 'BRS Topázio', 'BRS Safira' and 'BRS Rubi' cultivars received silicon as supplementary nutrition.
Silva K.C.,Bairro Universitario |
Silva V.N.B.,UEPB |
Sofiatti V.,Embrapa Algodao |
Zonta J.H.,Embrapa Algodao |
And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2012
The castor bean is a species of slow initial growth. The absence of registered herbicides for this crop is still a limiting factor for its expansion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the castor bean tolerance to the herbicide pendimethalin in soils with different adsorption capacities. The experiment was conducted under greenhouse conditions in a completely randomized design with five replications and consisted of a factorial combination of eight doses of the herbicide pendimethalin applied as pre-emergence (0; 187,5; 375; 750; 1500; 3000; 6000 and 12000 g ha-1 i.a.), and four types of substrate (clay loam, sandy clay loam, sandy loam and sandy soil). At 22 days after sowing the variables: plant height, leaf area, fresh and dry mass of shoots, root system volume and dry weight were determined. It was concluded that the dose of the herbicide pendimethalin tolerated by the castor bean is influenced by the adsorption capacity of the soil. The herbicide was found to be very selective to this crop, not causing significant reduction of plant growth at the doses indicated to be used for weed control.
Silva N.A.,State University of Paraíba |
Pedraza D.F.,UEPB |
de Menezes T.N.,UEPB
Ciencia e Saude Coletiva | Year: 2015
The aging process leads to biological changes that affect the physical performance and nutritional status of older adults. The objective this study is to determine the association between physical performance and anthropometric and body composition variables in the elderly. This is a cross-sectional study. Were assessed: sex, age, handgrip strength (HGS), flexibility/mobility, balance, body mass index, waist and calf circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, arm fat area and arm muscle circumference. Multiple logistic regression was used (p<0.05). Overall, 420 elderly were evaluated. Malnourished individuals were more likely to show poor HGS. Elderly aged 70-79 years, 80 years or older and those malnourished were more likely to show poor balance. Older women were less likely to show poor flexibility/mobility. We conclude that lowercalf circumferencewas associatedwithworse performance inHGSand balance.The ageincreased the chanceof the elderlypresentinstability.The flexibility/mobilitydoesn’t seem tobe influenced bychanges in body composition. Therefore, these resultsmay beimportantguidingspecific actionsto ensurehealthy aging. © 2015, Associacao Brasileira de Pos - Graduacao em Saude Coletiva. All rights reserved.
Aguiar A.F.,São Paulo State University |
Aguiar D.H.,UEPB |
Felisberto A.D.S.,São Paulo State University |
Carani F.R.,São Paulo State University |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research | Year: 2010
The purpose of this study was to utilize a rodent model to test the hypothesis that creatine (Cr) supplementation during resistance training would influence the pattern of slow-twitch muscle myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms expression. Male Wistar rats (2-3 months old, 250-300 g) were divided into 4 groups: Nontrained without creatine supplementation (CO), nontrained with creatine supplementation (CR), trained without creatine supplementation (TR), and trained with creatine supplementation (TRCR). TR and TRCR groups were submitted to a resistance training program for 5 weeks (5 days/week) for morphological and biochemical analysis of the soleus muscle. Weightlifting exercise involved jump sessions into water, carrying progressive overload equivalent to percentage of body weight. CR and TRCR groups were given creatine at 0.5 g/kg-1/d-1. Both Cr supplementation and resistance training alone or associated did not result in significant alterations (p > 0.05) in body weight gain, food intake, and muscle weight in the CR, TR and TRCR groups compared to the CO group. Also compared to the CO group, the CR group showed a significant (p < 0.02) increase in MHCI content and a reduction in MHCII; inversely, the TR group increased the MHCII content and reduced MHCI (p < 0.02). When combined, both creatine and resistance training did not promote significant (p > 0.05) changes in MHC content of the TRCR group compared to the CO group. The data show that Cr supplementation provides a potential action to abolish the exercise-induced MHC isoform transitions from slow to fast in slow-twitch muscle. Thus, Cr supplementation might be a suitable strategy to maintaining a slow phenotype in slow muscle during resistance training, which may be favorable to maintenance of muscle oxidative capacity of endurance athletes. © 2010 National Strength and Conditioning Association.
C-reactive protein and its relation to high blood pressure in overweight or obese children and adolescents [Proteína C-reativa e sua relação com pressão arterial elevada em crianças e adolescentes com sobrepeso ou obesidade]
Noronha J.A.F.,Nucleo de Estudos e Pesquisas Epidemiologicas UEPB |
Medeiros C.C.M.,Saude Publica e em Enfermagem UEPB |
Cardoso A.S.,Nucleo de Estudos e Pesquisas Epidemiologicas UEPB |
Gonzaga N.C.,Nucleo de Estudos e Pesquisas Epidemiologicas UEPB |
And 2 more authors.
Revista Paulista de Pediatria | Year: 2013
Objective: To investigate the association between C-reactive protein (CRP) and high blood pressure (BP) in overweight or obese children and adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 184 overweight or obese children and adolescents aged from two to 18 years old, from April, 2009 to April, 2010. The classification of nutritional status used the body mass index (BMI). Based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention curve, individuals were classified as: overweight (BMI between the 85th-95th percentiles), obesity (BMI between 95th-97th percentiles) and severe obesity (BMI >97th percentile). Abnormal values were considered for systolic BP (SBP) and/or diastolic (DBP) if ≥90th percentile of the BP curve recommended for children and adolescents in the V Brazilian Guidelines on Hypertension, for waist circumference (WC) if ≥90th percentile of the curve established by the National Cholesterol Education Program, and for high sensitive CRP (hs-CRP) if >3mg/dL. To evaluate the association of inadequate values of CRP and the studied groups, chi-square test and analysis of variance were applied, using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 17.0 and adopting a significance level of 5%. Results: Among the evaluated sample, 66.3% were female, 63.5%, non-white, 64.1% had severe obesity, 78.3% had altered WC and 70.6% presented high BP. There was a significant association of CRP high levels with altered WC and BMI ≥97th percentile. In adolescents, high CRP was related to high SBP. CRP mean values were higher in individuals with elevated SBP. Conclusions: Inadequate values of hs-CRP were associated with severe obesity and high SBP in the studied population. These markers can be used to identify children and adolescents at higher risk for developing atherosclerosis.
de Mesquita E.F.,UEPB |
Chaves L.H.G.,Federal University of Campina Grande |
Guerra H.O.C.,Federal University of Campina Grande |
de Lacerda R.D.,Federal University of Campina Grande
Revista Caatinga | Year: 2012
The actual paper was carried out aiming to evaluate the effects of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium on the growth and seeds production of castor bean (Ricinus communis L.), cultivar BRS Nordestina and BRS Paraguaçu. For each cultivar an experiment was conducted in a greenhouse, in Campina Grande, PB. Each experiment was conducted on a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial design completely randomized resulting 24 experimental units, subjected to the following levels of fertilization: nitrogen (200 and 300 kg ha -1), phosphorus (150 and 250 kg ha -1) and potassium (150 and 250 kg ha -1). Plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves and leaf area were measured at 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 140 and 160 days after planting. At the end of the experiment the weight of seeds was measured. Nitrogen was the nutrient that promoted the highest growth and yield for both cultivars; the phosphorus and potassium application did not influence the stem diameter, leaf area and the yield of castor bean; the highest plant height was obtained with the treatment N 1P 1K 1 (200-150-150 kg ha -1).
Dos Santos J.G.R.,CCHA UEPB |
Andrade R.,CCHA UEPB |
Galdino P.O.,UEPB |
Linhares A.S.F.,CCHA UEPB |
And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2014
The objective of this research was to study the effects of 5 doses of 4 different types of biofertilizer in production of banana Nanicão in 3 successive cycles. The experiment was conducted under field conditions at Escola Agrotécnica of the Cajueiro in the municipality of Catolé do Rocha, in the state of Paraíba, Brazil. The soil in the area is classified as Entisol with sandy loam texture. The experiment was conducted during June 2008 to June 2011. The experimental design was a randomized block design with 20 treatments in a 5×4 factorial scheme (doses × types) of biofertilizers with four replications. The results show that the types of biofertilizers did not affect the production quality, the length and diameter of fruit increased with increasing dose of biofertilizer to optimum limits, the length of the fruit of the second cycle was more than that of plants of first and third cycles, the diameter of the fruit of the second cycle of the crop was higher than the first and third cycles and values of oBrix and pH of the pulp of the fruit were not affected by biofertilizer doses.
Cardiometabolic risk factors and intima-media thickness of the carotid in adolescent with overweight or obesity [Fatores de risco cardiometabólicos e espessamento da íntima-média da carótida em adolescentes com sobrepeso ou obesidade]
De Azevedo W.F.,Federal University of Campina Grande |
Cardoso A.D.S.,UEPB |
De Queiroz Barbosa I.C.,Federal University of Campina Grande |
Revista Brasileira de Medicina | Year: 2015
Objective: To verify the association cardiometabolic risk factors with in the measurement of carotid intima-media in overweight or obese adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional study involving 32 adolescents aged 10 to 20 years were overweight or obese. We used social variables, anthropometric and laboratory (fasting glucose, insulin, homeostasis index of insulin resistance, C-reactive protein ultrassenssível, fibrinogen, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein, high density lipoprotein and triglycerides) and thickness measurements intima-media layer of the common carotid artery. Variables were described using proportions, means and standard deviations. We performed measurements of the distribution of mean carotid intima percentiles and compared the mean values of cardiometabolic risk factors by ANOVA. All analyzes were performed with SPSS version 17.0 program, considered the significance level of 5%. Results: The most valued was obese and about onethird of the sample to measure carotid intima average was above the 75th percentile for age and 37.5% had four or more cardiometabolic risk factors. Conclusions: The presence of thickened carotid intima average, an early marker of subclinical atherosclerosis, and four or more cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight or obese, signal the need for preventive measures they can stop the progression of atherosclerotic disease. © Copyright Moreira Jr. Editora. Todos os direitos reservados.
PubMed | UEPB. and State University of Paraíba
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Ciencia & saude coletiva | Year: 2015
The aging process leads to biological changes that affect the physical performance and nutritional status of older adults. The objective this study is to determine the association between physical performance and anthropometric and body composition variables in the elderly. This is a cross-sectional study. Were assessed: sex, age, handgrip strength (HGS), flexibility/mobility, balance, body mass index, waist and calf circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, arm fat area and arm muscle circumference. Multiple logistic regression was used (p<0.05). Overall, 420 elderly were evaluated. Malnourished individuals were more likely to show poor HGS. Elderly aged 70-79 years, 80 years or older and those malnourished were more likely to show poor balance. Older women were less likely to show poor flexibility/mobility. We conclude that lowercalf circumferencewas associatedwithworse performance inHGSand balance.The ageincreased the chanceof the elderlypresentinstability.The flexibility/mobilitydoesnt seem tobe influenced bychanges in body composition. Therefore, these resultsmay beimportantguidingspecific actionsto ensurehealthy aging.