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Belém, Brazil

da Costa C.F.G.,Embrapa Amazonia Oriental | Figueiredo R.O.,Embrapa Meio Ambiente | Oliveira F.A.,UFRA | Santos I.P.O.,UEPA
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2013

In the watershed of the Timboteua and Buiuna streams in the State of Pará, the effect of land use change and soil management on the runoff rates was evaluated. Eighteen experimental plots (1 m2) were established, three in each one of the six evaluated agroecosystems as follows: i) 20 years Secondary vegetation ("Capoeira") (CP), ii) Agroforestry system / slash-and-burn (SQ), iii) Agroforestry system / chop-and-mulch (ST), iv) Cassava crop / chop-and-mulch (RT), v) Cassava crop / slash-and-burn (RQ), vi) Cattle pasture / slash-and-burn (PQ). Nearby these plots two rain gauges and three rainwater collectors for monitoring of precipitation were also installed. Along 2010 rainy season 234 samples were collected on 26 different dates. A strong correlation was found between precipitation and runoff, being the highest value of 54.53% of total volume of superficial flow for Cattle pasture degraded and lowest of 1.11% for Agroforestry system that was under recovery for 7 years after burning. The runoff decreased in agroecosystems with lower percentage of organic material in relation to systems with higher percentage. Source

Brito M.V.H.,Para State University | Yasojima E.Y.,UEPA
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira | Year: 2015

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of fasting on gastric emptying in mice. METHODS: Twenty-eight mice were distributed into three study groups: a normal group (N=4): normal standard animals; a total fasting group (N=12): subjected to food and water deprivation and a partial fasting group (N=12): subjected to food deprivation only. The fasting groups were subdivided into three subgroups of four animals each, according to the date of euthanasia: 24, 48 and 72 hours. Was analyzed: the gastric volume, degree of the gastric wall distention and the presence of food debris in gastrointestinal tract. RESULTS: The mean gastric volume was 1601 mm3 in the normal group, 847 mm3 in total fasting group and 997 mm3 in partial fasting group. There was difference between the fasting groups in any analyzed period (p<0.05). Regarding the presence of food debris in the gastrointestinal tract and the degree of distension of the stomach, there was no difference between the groups that underwent total or partial fasting (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Total fasting or only-solids deprivation does not induce gastric emptying in mice. © 2015, Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira. All rights reserved. Source

Teixeira R.K.C.,Para State University | Yamaki V.N.,Para State University | Botelho N.M.,Para State University | Teixeira R.C.,UEPA
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy | Year: 2014

Background: Quotations in Brazilian journals are mainly obtained from national articles (articles from Brazilian journals); thus, it is essential to determine how frequently these articles reference Brazilian journals. Objective: This study sought to verify how frequently national papers are cited in the references of three Brazilian physical therapy journals. Method: All references for articles published in Fisioterapia em Movimento, Fisioterapia e Pesquisa and Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia between 2010 and 2012 were evaluated. In particular, the numbers of national articles and international articles (articles from international journals) cited in these references were determined. Results: A total of 13,009 references cited by 456 articles were analyzed, and 2,924 (22.47%) of the cited works were national articles. There were no significant differences among the three examined years. A total of 36 (7.89%) articles did not cite national articles, whereas 65 (13.25%) articles cited more national articles than international articles. Conclusion: On average, 22.47% of the works cited by the evaluated articles were national articles. No significant differences were detected among the three analyzed years. Source

Souza D.V.,Altamira | de Carvalho J.O.P.,Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development | Mendes F.S.,UEPA | Melo L.O.,UFOPA | And 2 more authors.
Floresta | Year: 2014

The effects of silvicultural treatments and logging on the growth rates of Manilkara huberi and Manilkara paraensis in a terra firme natural forest were evaluated. The study was performed in a Forest Management Unit (FMU) located in the municipality of Paragominas, PA. The experimental area covered 500ha, where five treatments (100ha each), with four replications per treatment (25ha each), were established. The replications were randomly distributed in the 500ha sample area of the FMU. The growth rate of trees was evaluated in the following treatments: T1 - Reduced Impact Logging (RIL) + classic liberation thinning and climber cutting; T2 - RIL + modified liberation thinning and climber cutting; T3 - RIL + climber cutting; T6 - only RIL; T7 - unlogged forest (control). Manilkara huberi and Manilkara paraensis showed good responses on diameter growth rate to the post-harvesting silvicultural treatments applied. However, considering the growth rate differences between the evaluated periods, one can say that the short time elapsed from the application of silvicultural treatments (four years) to the end of the study period does not allow to make accurate statements about the most appropriate treatment for the species, or about the intensity of the interventions to be applied. Source

Yasojima E.Y.,University of Sao Paulo | Teixeira R.K.C.,UEPA | Houat A.P.,UEPA | Costa F.L.S.,UEPA | And 3 more authors.
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira | Year: 2013

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of copaiba oil on the correction of abdominal defect treated with the use of polypropylene/ polyglecaprone mesh in rats. METHODS: A defect in the abdominal wall was created and corrected with polypropylene/polyglecaprone mesh in 36 rats. They were randomly distributed into three groups: control, copaiba by oral administration (gavage) and copaiba oil dip in the mesh. Euthanasia was performed after seven, 14 and 21 post-operative days. The healing process was analyzed regarding the meshes and macroscopic and microscopic aspects. RESULTS: All animals had abdominal adhesions, which were smaller in the copaiba (gavage) group (p<0.05). In microscopy, all animals had an acute inflammation stage and the inflammatory response was best characterized by foreign body-type granulomas around the mesh fragments, which was not found in the mesh fragments within the copaiba dip group. There was a greater area of necrosis and fibrosis in the copaiba dip group compared to the control group (p<0.05). The copaiba (gavage) group had a greater quantity of collagen fibers compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: Copaiba oil administered by gavage decreased the amount of abdominal adhesions, besides accelerating the process of collagen fibers formation, without damages within the early stages of healing. However, when used by dip directly on the mesh, it had corrosive effects compromising the healing process of the abdominal wall. Source

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