São José dos Campos, Brazil
São José dos Campos, Brazil

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Vilela F.O.,UENF LMGV | Amaral Jr. A.T.,UENF LMGV | Goncalves L.S.A.,UENF LMGV | Barbe T.C.,UENF LMGV | Gravina G.A.,UENF LMGV
Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2011

The objective of this experiment was to assess the genotypes by environment interaction for eight morphoagronomic traits in thirty F7:8 snap bean superior lines and evaluate the pod yield stability. The experiments were carried out in the cities of Bom Jesus do Itabapoana, Campos dos Goytacazes and Itaocara, located in the Northern and Northwestern regions of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Experiments were designed in randomized blocks with two replications, using the traditional method (Yates & Cochran, 1938) and the methods proposed by Plaisted & Peterson (1959), Wricke (1965), Kang & Phan (1991) and Lin & Binns (1988), as well. Only the average fiber content in pods revealed no significant genotype x environment interaction, whereas most of the traits showed simple interaction, including pod yield. The results obtained using the methods of Plaisted & Peterson (1959) and Wricke (1965) agreed to a far extent and had a moderate estimate (0.6131) in relation to the traditional method. Both methods highlighted genotypes with pod yield close to the general average, i.e., around 7,546.46 kg ha-1. Kang & Phan's (1991) algorithm was more efficient in optimizing the stability estimates obtained using the methods of Plaisted & Peterson (1959) and Wricke (1965) than the traditional method. Lin & Binns' (1988) procedure revealed the most stable, responsive and productive progenies. Progenies 04, 03 and 10 stood out in all environments.

Martins K.C.,UENF LMGV | Souza S.A.M.,UENF LMGV | Pereira T.N.S.,UENF LMGV | Rodrigues R.,UENF LMGV | And 2 more authors.
Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2013

This study characterised pollen grains morphologically and studied the genetic divergence between accessions based on morphopollinic characters. Seven accessions, including domesticated, semi-domesticated and wild species of Capsicum (C. annuum var. annuum, C. chinense, C. baccatum var. pendulum, C. frutescens, Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum, C. baccatum var. baccatum and C. parvifolium), were cultivated in a greenhouse and their pollen grains collected and fixed during flowering. The pollen grains were acetolysed and described based on 13 pollinic characteristics (polar and equatorial axes, in an equatorial front view; ratio between polar axis and equatorial axis; equatorial axis in a polar view; thicknesses of the exine, sexine and nexine; apocolpus side; polar area index; length and diameter of the pore and colpus). The genetic divergence analysis between the accessions was based on the standardised average Euclidean distance, and the grouping analysis was based on Ward's method. PCA (principal component analysis) is another multivariate method that was used. Based on Ward's method and PCA, it was possible to group the accessions into two groups, and the groups formed correlated with the classification of the gene pool complexes already described for the genus. According to this classification, the Capsicum genus comprises three major groups: C. annuum, C. chinense and C. frutescens form the annuum complex; C. baccatum and C. pratermissum form the baccatum complex; and C. eximium, C. cardenasii and C. pubescens form the pubescens complex. The variable width of the pores was the most discriminating in this morphopollinic study of Capsicum spp.

Moura M.C.C.L.,UFMA CCAA | Goncalves L.S.A.,UENF LMGV | Sudre C.P.,UENF LMGV | Rodrigues R.,UENF LMGV | And 2 more authors.
Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2010

The estimation of genetic variability in germplasm collections is important not only for the conservation of genetic resources, but also for plant breeding purposes. Accessions in a germplasm bank are studied based on quantitative and qualitative descriptors. However, these data are rarely considered simultaneously in joint analyses. This work aimed to study the genetic diversity among 56 Capsicum chinense accessions coming from the Germplasm Collection of the Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro (UENF). We used 44 morpho-agronomic descriptors, 37 qualitative and seven quantitative, and the Grower's algorithm for the joint analysis. We used a completely randomized design with three replications and three-plant plots. Plants grew in 5 L pots. There was phenotypic variability among the chili accessions studied, mainly in fruits. Marked differences were observed in size, shape, color and total soluble solids and vitamin C contents of fruits. We used UPGMA to perform the clustering, since it was the method with the higher cophenetic correlation coefficient (r = 0.82). Accessions felt into six classes. Gower's algorithm was more efficient in clustering when qualitative instead of quantitative data were considered. It indicates that qualitative data played a crucial role in explaining the observed groupings. Joint analysis of quantitative and qualitative data resulted in greater efficiency in the determination of genetic divergence among the accessions evaluated. Therefore, such analysis is definitely a viable and important tool for understanding the variability within germplasm banks.

Moulin M.M.,UENF LMGV | Rodrigues R.,UENF LMGV | Goncalves L.S.A.,UENF LMGV | Sudre C.P.,UENF LMGV | And 2 more authors.
Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2012

The traditional farmers play an important role in plant genetic resources conservation. Collecting the germplasm maintained by these farmers is a very important action to avoid genetic variability losses. The goals of this work were to collect sweet potato from farms in the north of Rio de Janeiro state; to gather information regarding to the farmers profile, and to characterize the sweet potato landraces collected using morphological descriptors. Fifty three farms were visited in six collection expedition and 46 accessions were collected. During the visits the farmers were interviewed using a query with ten items. Six root traits and eight descriptors for vegetative parts were used for morphological characterization. The data were analyzed based on Cole-Rodgers distance and clustering was done with UPGMA method. Familiar agriculture with subsistence objective was observed and sweet potato was cultivated by 72% of the farmers at least for more than a decade, supporting the observation that this vegetable is traditionally cultivated in small areas in the specific region. The morphological characterization was efficient to detect genetic variability among accessions, revealing that traditional farmers from Campos dos Goytacazes and São João da Barra are responsible for sweet potato genotypes conservation with expressive genetic diversity in their properties. There was no relationship between genetic distance and collecting areas.

Rodrigues R.,UENF LMGV | Goncalves L.S.A.,UENF LMGV | dos Bento C.S.,UENF LMGV | Sudre C.P.,UENF LMGV | And 2 more authors.
Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2012

The Capsicum breeding has been developed with emphasis in bell pepper (Capsicum annuum) and few studies are available in other species, especially C. baccatum, which has potential use not only as disease resistance source but also in obtaining new genotypes suitable for farmers' production. In the present work, the combining ability of ten C. baccatum hybrids, along with their five parentals, were tested considering 12 agronomic traits. The hybrids were produced from a complete diallel without reciprocals and assessed in greenhouse conditions, in Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil, during the period July to December 2009. The experimental design was a randomized block with three replications and the following agronomic traits evaluated: canopy diameter (CD), plant height (PH), days to fructification (DF), number of fruits per plant (NFP), mean fruit weight (FW), dry fruit matter weight (FDM), dry matter content (DM), fruit length (FL), fruit diameter (FD), pulp thickness (PT), total soluble solids (TSS) and yield per plant (PP). Significant differences were observed only for general combining ability (GCA) in regard to PH, FW, FDM, DM, PT and TSS, indicating that additive effects were involved on the control of these characters. For CD, DF, NFP, FL, FD and PP, there was significance not only for GCA but also for specific combining ability (SCA) indicating that non-additive and additive effects were important in genetic control of these traits. The hybrids UENF 1629 X UENF 1732, UENF 1616 X UENF 1732 and UENF 1624 X UENF 1639 were considered superior because they have favorable agronomic traits.

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