Cassilândia, Brazil
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News Article | February 22, 2017

The US country boasts some of the top universities in the world, making it a destination of choice when studying internationally. American universities have seen a 40% increase in the number of international students choosing to study in the US. In 2016, the international student population exceeded one million. These students come from all over the world to study various majors, ranging from STEM majors to business majors. They will be making America their home, at least until they graduate. After graduating, however, international students only have 60 days before they must return back to their home country. If they wish to gain some work experience in the US they can with Optional Practical Training (OPT), a 12-month working period granted to F-1 students. Students can complete OPT either before graduation or after. In order to apply to OPT, students must have completed nine or more months of education at a US university. They only have a total of 12 authorized months that they can complete. Students can apply for OPT up to 90 days prior to graduating for a post-graduation OPT. There are several steps and a lot of paperwork to fill out when applying for OPT, all of which takes time. Students submit OPT applications to their schools International Student Services office. This process can take 1-2 weeks. After the students receive their documents and OPT package, they need to fill out the forms and ship the documents to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) office. Students are recommended to start the OPT process early because it can take the USCIS several months to process the application. There are only two USCIS locations that accept OPT applications: Phoenix and Dallas. The state the student resides in will determine which location they will send the paperwork to. Because time is sensitive, students may want to consider expediting the process. eShipGlobal’s University Express Mail Service (UEMS), a trusted shipping service used by over 800 universities, has recently updated their system to making it even easier to ship OPT applications. The UEMS system is completely free to sign up and the process is simple. Once signed in they click the OPT/Send to USCIS option and follow the steps. The USCIS addresses are already loaded into the system, so students just need to select the location they need to send their OPT to. Students can ship using trusted shipping carriers like UPS and FedEx, while saving money through the use of eShipGlobal’s discounted shipping rates. There is only a 150-day time frame in which students have to complete the OPT process. UEMS’s new streamlined process for shipping OPT applications hopes to help students save not only money but also time. eShipGlobal is dedicated to serving the global community by providing solutions that simplify and enhance the shipment of goods. Their software shipping solutions make it easier for universities, research labs, and businesses to better manage their shipping while saving time and money.

Marcante N.C.,State University of Mato Grosso do Sul | Camacho M.A.,UEMS | Paredes F.P.J.,State University of Mato Grosso do Sul
Bioscience Journal | Year: 2011

In Brazil, millet stands out as the grass being used as green cover crop grown primarily in the offseason. Being a hardy species with characteristics, like a deep root system, which allows for nutrient cycling in considerable quantities, making them available to subsequent crops, after the mineralization of its biomass. The present study was to evaluate the production of dry matter and N, P, Ca, Mg and S present in the biomass of millet, grown as ground cover, the study being conducted at the State University of Mato Grosso do Sul, university unit of Aquidauana, in crop year 2008/09, with classified as Aw climate (tropical humid), using a variety of millet BN-2, sown in August 2008. The experimental design was a randomized complete block design with five replications. Plant samples of pearl millet, after being dried in stoves, were ground and subjected to analysis to determine the levels of nutrients. The production of dry matter on the part of the millet area was considered low due to unfavorable weather conditions occurring at the time. Nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur were found in higher concentrations in the initial stages of culture and declined as the culture was completing its cycle. Ca levels were higher in stages E3 and E4, E5 in decaying, from which remained stable until the end of the assessment. Magnesium has suffered no variation with respect to its content.

dos Santos L.C.,State University of Mato Grosso do Sul | Costa E.,UEMS | Leal P.A.M.,University of Campinas | Nardelli E.M.V.,PIBIC | de Souza G.S.A.,UEMS
Engenharia Agricola | Year: 2011

The Brazilian Cerrado has numerous fruit species with economic potential for exploitation in commercial cultivation. In this context an experiment was developed with jatobá-do-cerrado seedlings at the State University of Mato Grosso do Sul / Aquidauana-MS, from October 29th, 2009 to February 25th, 2010, in a greenhouse covered with polyethylene film of 150μm, light diffuser, with thermal reflective screen of 50% of shading under film, front and side with monofilament screen of 50% of shading and the nursery with black monofilament screen of 50% of shading and closing of 45 degrees. In these environments the plants were grown in plastic pots of 5.0 L filled with 100% of soil, 100% of organic compound and levels of 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 and 90 of organic compound added to the soil. The experiment was carried out in a completely randomized split-plot scheme with five replications. In both environments, plants have emerged more rapidly, higher growth and more biomass accumulation in the substrate without addition of organic compound. In this substrate the plants developed better in the greenhouse. The seedlings did not show positive response at the organic compost levels. The organic compound used increased the pH of the substrates, showed excess of certain nutrients and did not contribute to an effective seedling growth.

de Carvalho L.A.,UEMS | Meurer I.,UEMS | da Silva Junior C.A.,UEMS | Cavalieri K.M.V.,DSEA | Santos C.F.B.,UEMS
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2011

The aim of this study was to evaluate the physical properties of three soils cultivated with sugarcane mechanized harvest system in the region of Mato Grosso do Sul The study site belongs to the Plant Eldorado, ETH Bioenergy Group S/A, located in Rio Brilhante, MS. The sampling in each experimental area was made from a grid with 180 m long and 145.6 m wide, totaling 90 points in a grid form, with nine columns and 10 rows, where samples were collected in undisturbed layers of 0-0.2 m and 0.2-0.4 m deep in the rows. After collection, samples were processed for determination of soil bulk density (BD), total porosity (TP) and soil moisture (θ) for data interpretation. Crop residues left on surface helped to maintain good level of organic matter, supporting the formation, aggregation and stability of pores, preventing the increase in density. The reduction in total porosity and consecutive increase in density, especially in the 0.2-0.4 m, indicating compaction of this layer, justified by the intense traffic of vehicles and lack of soil disturbance.

Abrantes F.L.,São Paulo State University | Kulczynski S.M.,Federal University of Santa Maria | Soratto R.P.,São Paulo State University | Barbosa M.M.M.,UEMS
Revista Brasileira de Sementes | Year: 2010

Nitrogen can influence the seed quality of several crops and its effects vary with the environmental conditions and the plant stage when the nitrogen is applied. However, little is known of the influence of nitrogen fertilization on seed quality in proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of dosages and times of nitrogen top-dressing applications on the physiological and sanitary quality of proso millet, cv. AL Tibagi, seeds grown under field conditions. Seeds were produced between December, 2005 and February, 2006 and laboratory evaluations between March and August, 2006. A completely randomized block design in a 4×2 factorial was used, with a combination of four dosages (0, 30, 60, and 120 kg ha-1 of N) and two application times (14 and 28 days after emergence) of nitrogen fertilizer (urea) in top-dressing with four replications. Nitrogen application increased seed vigor, expressed by the tests of accelerated ageing and field emergence.

Schiavo J.A.,State University of Mato Grosso do Sul | Pereira M.G.,Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro | de Miranda L.P.M.,São Paulo State University | Neto A.H.D.,UEMS | Fontana A.,Engenheiro Agronomo do INCRA
Revista Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo | Year: 2010

The Aquidauana geological formation consists of a set of up to 500 m thick sediments predominantly composed of sandstone with fine to medium grain size, interspersed with sandy conglomerates. In this environment, the topography is one of the main conditioning factors of the formation of different soil types in the landscape. The objective of this study was to characterize and classify soils developed from these sandstones. Four soils profiles along a representative toposequence of gentle slopes were sampled and studied. The profiles were located on the shoulder (P1), backslope (P2), footslope (P3) and toeslope (P4). The soil profiles were morphologically described and physical and chemical properties of their horizons evaluated. The sand fraction was predominant in all profiles (> 680 g kg-1), with textures ranging from sandy loam (P4) to clay sandy loam. The water pH values ranged from 4.2 to 6.5. The cation exchange capacity values ranged from 1.6 cmolc kg-1(in P4) to 10.3 cmolc kg-1 (in P2), with a predominance of hydrogen ions in P1 and P4, and calcium in profile P2 and P3. The P1 and P4 pedons were dystrophic, whereas in P2 and P3, a high base saturation status evidenced an eutrophic character. Except in P2, the profiles presented low activity clays. In all soil profiles the morphological, physical, chemical and mineralogical properties were conditioned by the parent material and relief, demonstrating the influence of these factors on the pedogenesis.

Leite F.,State University of Maringá | dos Santos J.E.G.,São Paulo State University | Lancas K.P.,São Paulo State University | Leite Junior J.B.,UEMS
Engenharia Agricola | Year: 2011

The present work aimed to evaluate the tractive performance of four agricultural tractors with auxiliary front traction in function of six lateral inclinations in a lateral track of trials, which belongs to the Agronomic Sciences Faculty from the São Paulo State University, Campus of Botucatu. The lateral inclinations were 0; 5; 10; 15; 20 and 25 degrees. In all of these situations, the tractors operated with predetermined load of an imposed traction to the pulled tractor of 40 kN in the inclination of 0 degrees. Hence a delineation in random blocks was used, considering six inclinations and four tractors, and with three repetitions for each treatment. The analyzed variables were slippage, tractive force, hourly fuel consumption, and speed. It was concluded that the pneumatic tire configurations influenced in the tractive performance of the tractors, as they increased the lateral inclinations of the terrain.

This study aimed to evaluate different proportions of organic compost and soil as a substrate for the guavira emergence and seedling formation under different protected environments, in the high Pantanal region of the state of Mato Grosso do Sul. The seeds were placed in polyethylene bags (15 × 25 centimeters) filled with four percentages of organic compost (0%, 20%, 80%, and 100% of total volume) mixed with soil. These substrates were tested in agro-nurseries covered with black screen and 50% thermo-reflecting shade cloths. The substrate with 20% soil and 80% organic compost and the black screen shade cloth promote the best performance in the seedling production.

Pereira M.G.,Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro | Schiavo J.A.,State University of Mato Grosso do Sul | Fontana A.,Embrapa Solos | Neto A.H.D.,UEMS | de Miranda L.P.M.,São Paulo State University
Revista Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo | Year: 2013

The soils in the Serra da Bodoquena, a mountain chain in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, have peculiar features that differ from other regions of the Cerrado-Pantanal biome. This study aims to characterize soils formed on limestone, based on the physical, chemical and mineralogical properties and organic matter. A toposequence on limestone was selected and profile pits were opened on the summit (P1), backslope (P2), footslope (P3) and toeslope (P4 and P5). The profiles were morphologically described and physical, chemical and mineralogical analyses were carried out in all horizons. According to the Brazilian System of Soil Classification (SiBCS), the studied soils were classified as: (P1) Organossolo Fólico Sáprico lítico - OOs (Litic Ustifolist); (P2) Chernossolo Háplico Órtico típico - MXo (Typic Haplustoll); (P3) Chernossolo Argilúvico Órtico típico - MTo (Typic Haplustoll); (P4) Gleissolo Melânico Carbonático chernossólico - GMk1 (Typic Epiaquoll); and (P5) Gleissolo Melânico Carbonático organossólico - GMk2 (Terric Haplosaprist). The color of all studied profiles was dark in the surface horizons, and reddish or grayish in deeper layers, according to the drainage conditions. Base saturation was high in all layers, with calcium as dominant cation in the exchangeable complex. Humin was the dominant organic carbon fraction of the studied soils. A mineralogical analysis showed the presence of calcite in the sand fraction in the soil profiles GMK1 and GMk2 and kaolinite, illite and montmorillonite in the clay fraction of all soils. The occurrence of Ustifolist in non-mountainous environments, different from the characterization by the SiBCS, suggests a greater range of possible environmental conditions for the occurrence of this suborder.

Montanari R.,State University of Mato Grosso do Sul | de Passos e Carvalho M.,São Paulo State University | Andreotti M.,São Paulo State University | Dalchiavon F.C.,São Paulo State University | And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo | Year: 2010

Common bean yield was analyzed in relation to some physical properties of a dystroferric Red Latosol (Typic Acrustox), in the 2006/07 growing season, in Selviria, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The no-tillage crop under center-pivot irrigation was cultivated with a high technological management level. The objective of this work was to select the most representative soil properties to explain the variability in agricultural productivity. A geostatistical grid was installed for soil and plant sampling at 117 points, in a 2,025 m 2 area with a homogeneous slope of 0.055 m m -1. From the linear and spatial point of view, common bean yield was explained by particle density and soil gravimetric moisture, respectively. Thus, at values of particle density between 1.95-2.20 kg dm -3 and gravimetric moisture between 0.205- 0.239 kg kg -1, both measured in the intermediary layer, highest yields (2,200-2,600 kg ha -1) were observed. However, at the high technological management level used in this study, the maximum potential of the mean common bean yield was not reached, since the soil was severely compacted, leading to a decrease of 26.6%. The mean values of bulk density and the soil index cone, of 1.36-1.41 kg dm -3 and 1.56-3.24 MPα, respectively, typical of compacted clay soils, accounted for the marked decrease in common bean yield.

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