Composting versus vermicomposting: Comparison of techniques using vegetal waste, cattle manure and sawdust [Compostagem versus vermicompostagem: Comparação das técnicas utilizando resíduos vegetais, esterco bovino e serragem]
Cotta J.A.O.,Minas Gerais State University |
Carvalho N.L.C.,UEMG |
Brum T.S.,UEMG |
Rezende M.O.O.,University of Sao Paulo
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental | Year: 2015
In this work, the focus was for the integration of composting and vermicomposting processes to optimize the recycling of solid wastes. Each treatment received a total volume of 40 cm3 of waste. The experiments were conducted in two stages: the first consisted in pre-composting solid waste vegetables with addition of manure or sawdust. The irrigation and coating of windrows at this stage were conducted after 7, 14, 21 and 28 days from the beginning, and the temperature was monitored. In the second stage, the treatments obtained from the first stage were tested with and without earthworms. The experiments were placed in wooden boxes of 60 cm³ in size, and the treatments without earthworms were placed in windrows and scrambled every 7 days. In the treatments with earthworms were added 200–400 adult worms, Eisenia foetida. During the process the C/N ratio, temperature variation, moisture content, pH, total organic matter, total carbon, humic acid content, total nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium were evaluated. In the first stage of the process, which is the thermal stabilization of residues in the different treatments, the maximum temperature reached 35, 53 and 51°C on the 14th day, respectively in RV, RVM e RVE treatments. In the second stage, after 56 days, the ambient temperature was reached; the organic wastes were then laid to reach full maturity for 98 more days. The final pH was in the range from 6.74 to 8.90. The C/N ratio of the RVE treatment and the RVM treatment was initially around 34/1 and 184/1 and after 98 days they was around 17/1 and 34/1 using the vermicomposting. © 2015, ABES - Associacao Brasileira de Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental. All rights reserved.
Agronomic characteristics, isoflavone content and Kunitz trypsin inhibitor of vegetable soybean genotypes [características agronômicas, teor de isoflavonas e inibidor de tripsina Kunitz em genótipos de soja-hortaliça]
Castoldi R.,São Paulo State University |
de Charlo H.C.O.,São Paulo State University |
Vargas P.F.,UEMG |
Braz L.T.,São Paulo State University |
Carrao-Panizzi M.C.,Embrapa Soja
Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2011
Five vegetable soybean genotypes were evaluated for agronomic characteristics, functional and antinutritional properties. The experiments were conducted in the field, in the School of Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences, in Jaboticabal, São Paulo State, Brazil. The experimental design was a randomized block design with five treatments (genotypes) and four replications. The genotypes JLM003, JLM004, JLM010, JLM024 and JLM030 were evaluated in the following characteristics: number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod, fresh weight of pods per plant (g), fresh weight of 100 seeds (g), estimated total yield of immature seeds (kg ha-1), moisture content, proteins, lipids, ash, carbohydrates, isoflavones and Kunitz trypsin inhibitor. In the assessment of the major agronomic traits, in the conditions of this study, the genotype JLM010 was the most recommended for the region of Jaboticabal. This genotype showed better agronomic characteristics of production as a vegetable, producing 136.04 g of fresh weight of pods per plant, 92.52 g of fresh weight/100 seeds and 11.12 t/ha of total immature seeds, and better functional properties.
de Charlo H.C.O.,Instituto Federal Of Educacao |
de Oliveira S.F.,São Paulo State University |
Castoldi R.,Instituto Federal Of Educacao |
Vargas P.F.,UEMG |
And 2 more authors.
Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2011
Knowledge about the growth of crops allows the planning of rational cultivation methods which contribute to achieve greater potential of plant species, besides supplying information for the construction of descriptive mathematical models of growth. The growth curve of sweet pepper (Eppo hybrid), cultivated in coconut fiber in a greenhouse with fertirrigation, was determined. The experiment consisted initially of 160 plants divided into four blocks. Two plants were analyzed per block every 21 days after transplanting, ending at 189 days after transplant. The cultivation was carried out in plastics pots of 13 L containing coconut fiber, which were arranged in double rows, spaced 0.5 × 0.8 m between simple rows and 1.1 m between double rows. In each harvest the plant growth, production and quality of mature fruits were evaluated. The dry mass of the shoot increased with time, following the experimental model exponential of first order, reaching a maximum of 451.5 g/plant, 189 days after transplanting (DAT). The production of dry mass of leaves, stem, root and fruit also increased over time reaching maximum values of 68.7, 65.8, 11.5 and 302.9 g/plant, respectively, at 189 DAT. The same occurred with the leaf area per plant, plant height and the absolute rate of growth, whose maximum values were 6.183,5 cm2, 136.9 cm and 4.4 g/plant/day, respectively. The growth of the plant was continuous throughout the cycle, and the highest amount of dry mass was accumulated in fruits, reaching a marketable production of 97.3 t ha-1. All fruits were classified as Extra.
Batista R.O.,UFERSA |
Soares A.A.,Campus Universitario |
Moreira D.A.,UEMG |
Feitosa A.P.,UFERSA |
Revista Caatinga | Year: 2011
This paper aimed to analyze the flow rate drippers of three sets supplied with different qualities of domestic sewage from condominium Bosque Acamari in Viçosa-MG. The experiment was accomplished in experimental area of the Federal University of Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa-MG. Three sets of drip irrigation were mounted and supplied with preliminary sewage (EDP), secondary sewage (EDS) and tertiary sewage (EDT). Each irrigation set consisted of filter discs and non self-compensating emitters with nominal flow of 1.7 L h -1. The flow rate of drippers was obtained in 100 hours, totaling 500 hours of operation. Were accomplished physico- chemical and microbiological analysis in domestic sewage. Conclude that the presence of total coliforms and iron in domestic sewage confer severe risk of clogging the emitters. The chemical characteristics manganese, magnesium and calcium represent low risk of clogging the emitters. The EDP and EDT sewage caused high reductions in the emitter discharge in relation to EDS, due to higher concentration of suspended solids that interacted with the bacterial slimes.
Amaro H.T.R.,State University of Montes Claros |
Silveira J.R.,State University of Montes Claros |
David A.M.S.S.,State University of Montes Claros |
de Resende M.A.V.,UEMG |
Andrade J.A.S.,Federal Rural University of Pernambuco
Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais | Year: 2013
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the vegetative propagation using different types of mint cuttings and substrates. The experiment was conducted in the Garden of Medicinal Plants of Unimontes, in Janaúba - MG. The experimental design was completely randomized (CRD) in 2 x 4 factorial schemes (two types of poles and four different substrates) with four replications and each plot was represented by six cuttings. The variables analyzed were the length of the shoots and roots, the dry matter of the shoots and roots and the total number of shoots per plant. The data were subject to ANOVA and the means were compared by Scott-Knott's test at 5% of probability. The interaction among stem cuttings and substrates was not significant for the variables studied, thus, the isolated effect of each factor was studied. The propagation of Mentha arvensis L. can be performed either by apical cuttings as medians, using the substrate soil + sand + manure bovine (2:1:1) for the production of quality seedlings.
Engler R.,UEMG |
62nd IIE Annual Conference and Expo 2012 | Year: 2012
There is variety of synthetic materials, used in several areas, but the processes for obtaining synthetic materials and their discard at the end of product life cycle causes big impacts on the environment. Several studies are being carried on in order to replace the synthetic materials by natural ones, as the case of curauá fiber, which presents an excellent performance when compared with glass fiber. In this paper we will evaluate their thermal insulation capabilities, and the possibility of using Curauá in home building to reduce air conditioning consumption.
Boica Junior A.L.,São Paulo State University |
Filho N.R.C.,UEMG |
de Souza J.R.,São Paulo State University
Revista Caatinga | Year: 2010
The Diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), is one of the main plague-insect specie of Brassicaceae plants in Brazil and all over the world. The resistant genotypes use to its control is a promising alternative. This work aimed evaluates the eggs distribution along the plant, the adults' density per plant, and determine the cauliflower genotypes effect in the P. xylostella oviposition. The experiment was carried out at FCAV/UNESP-Jaboticabal Campus Phytossanity Department (Departamento de Fitossanidade). It was evaluated the eggs distribution, the P. xylostella adults density effect using Sharon hybrid, and tests with or without choose choice to determine the P. xylostella nonpreference in the Teresópolis Gigante, Verona, Barcelona, Sharon, Silver Streak, and Piracicaba Precoce genotypes. It is possible conclude that P. xylostella has higher willingness to oviposits in the stem than in the basal leaves. The three couple density of P. xylostella per plant is the best to discriminate cauliflower genotypes regarding the resistance grade to nonpreference choose choice to oviposition. During the P. xylostella oviposition preference tests with choose choice, the genotypes Sharon, Piracicaba Precoce, Barcelona, Verona e Teresópolis Gigante are less desirable to oviposition; while during the no choose choice tests the genotypes did not differ among them.