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Di Luca A.,Teagasc | Elia G.,UCD Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research | Hamill R.,Teagasc | Mullen A.M.,Teagasc
Proteomics | Year: 2013

Variation in water-holding capacity (WHC), which presents a major economic burden to the swine industry, is considered to be underpinned by variation at a molecular and biochemical level. High-resolution 2D DIGE followed by MS analysis and Western blot were used to unravel the proteome of muscle exudate, collected following centrifugation, in the pH 4-7 range. A first 2DE-based protein map of this substrate was produced where 89 spots were successfully characterised. Two phenotypes divergent for WHC plus one intermediate were compared with a view to deciphering the biochemical processes impacting on variation in WHC. Twenty spots were observed to be altered across the phenotypes. Of these, 14 represented sixteen proteins including metabolic enzymes, stress response proteins and structural proteins. Triosephosphate isomerase and transferrin showed a major difference between the two extreme phenotypes, and may have potential as biological markers for WHC prediction. Several members of the HSPs family were highlighted. This proteomic study makes an important contribution towards a more detailed molecular view of the processes behind WHC and will provide a valuable resource for future investigations. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source


Di Luca A.,Teagasc | Mullen A.M.,Teagasc | Elia G.,UCD Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research | Davey G.,National University of Ireland | Hamill R.M.,Teagasc
Meat Science | Year: 2011

Achieving an improvement in water-holding capacity (WHC) of pork and a reduction in the incidence of pale, soft and exudative (PSE)- and dark, firm and dry (DFD)-like meat is a major challenge for the swine industry. Using proteomics, we sought to identify proteins associated with WHC and to monitor postmortem protein degradation. Twenty longissimus samples were categorised into WHC phenotypes. The centrifugal drip was subjected to SDS-PAGE and mass-spectrometry. Forty-four proteins were identified in the centrifugal drip proteome. Changes occurred in volume of five bands across the ageing period, with most significant changes representing increases between day 3 and day 7. Seven proteins were identified in these bands, most with functions in glycolysis. One band significantly differed in abundance across WHC phenotypes. Peptide signatures of the heat shock protein family were identified in this band. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Focking M.,Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland | Chen W.-Q.,Medical University of Vienna | Dicker P.,Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland | Dunn M.J.,UCD Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research | And 2 more authors.
Proteomics | Year: 2012

In the current investigation, we aimed to characterize the differential protein expression in each of the hippocampal subregions in healthy control samples (n = 20). We used laser-assisted microdissection and difference in-gel electrophoresis to enrich for these tissues and to compare protein profiles. Image analysis was carried out using Progenesis SameSpots. Samples with a false discovery rate smaller than 5%, a p-value of < 0.01, and an expression of at least ± 1.2 were considered significant. Proteins were identified using LC-ESI-MS/MS. The raw mass spectral data were analyzed using DataAnalysis software. Data were searched against the Swissprot database using MASCOT. Samples were grouped according to the different subregions and we found 182 spots to be differentially expressed between the different hippocampal subregions. These have been made available as part of the UCD-2DPAGE database at http://proteomics-portal.ucd.ie:8082. The associated MS data have been submitted to PRIDE (Accession numbers 21593-21745). This baseline data will be helpful in helping us to understand the central role of the hippocampus in health and the evidence that particular hippocampal subregions are differentially affected in disease. © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source


Di Luca A.,Teagasc | Elia G.,UCD Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research | Mullen A.M.,Teagasc | Hamill R.M.,Teagasc
Proteome Science | Year: 2013

Background: Meat quality is a complex trait influenced by a range of factors with post mortem biochemical processes highly influential in defining ultimate quality. High resolution two-dimensional DIfference Gel Electrophoresis (2-D DIGE) and Western blot were applied to study the influence of post mortem meat ageing on the proteome of pork muscle. Exudate collected from the muscle following centrifugation was analysed at three timepoints representing a seven day meat ageing period.Results: The intensity of 136 spots varied significantly (p < 0.05) across this post mortem period and 40 spots were identified using mass spectrometry. The main functional categories represented were metabolic proteins, stress-related proteins, transport and structural proteins. Metabolic and structural proteins were generally observed to increase in abundance post mortem and many likely represent the accumulation of the degradation products of proteolytic enzyme activity. In contrast, stress-related proteins broadly decreased in abundance across the ageing period. Stress response proteins have protective roles in maintaining cellular integrity and a decline in their abundance over time may correlate with a reduction in cellular integrity and the onset of meat ageing. Since cellular conditions alter with muscle ageing, changes in solubility may also contribute to observed abundance profiles.Conclusions: Muscle exudate provided valuable information about the pathways and processes underlying the post mortem ageing period, highlighting the importance of post mortem modification of proteins and their interaction for the development of meat quality traits. © 2013 Di Luca et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source


Opstelten R.,Maastricht University | Prickaerts J.,Maastricht University | Steinbusch H.W.M.,Maastricht University | Dunn M.J.,UCD Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research | And 2 more authors.
Developmental Neuroscience | Year: 2014

Prenatal stress influences the development of the fetal brain and so contributes to the risk of the development of psychiatric disorders in later life. The hippocampus is particularly sensitive to prenatal stress, and robust abnormalities have been described in the hippocampus in schizophrenia and depression. The aim of this study was to determine whether prenatal stress is associated with distinct patterns of differential protein expression in the hippocampus using a validated mouse model. We therefore performed a comparative proteomic study assessing female hippocampal samples from 8 prenatally stressed mice and 8 control mice. Differential protein expression was assessed using 2-dimensional difference in gel electrophoresis and subsequent mass spectrometry. The observed changes in a selected group of differentially expressed proteins were confirmed by Western blotting. In comparison to controls, 47 protein spots (38 individual proteins) were found to be differentially expressed in the hippocampus of prenatally stressed mice. Functional grouping of these proteins revealed that prenatal stress influenced the expression of proteins involved in brain development, cytoskeletal composition, stress response, and energy metabolism. Western blotting was utilized to validate the changes in calretinin, hippocalcin, profilin-1 and the signal-transducing adaptor molecule STAM1. Septin-5 could not be validated via Western blotting due to methodological issues. Closer investigation of the validated proteins also pointed to an interesting role for membrane trafficking deficits mediated by prenatal stress. Our findings demonstrate that prenatal stress leads to altered hippocampal protein expression, implicating numerous molecular pathways that may provide new targets for psychotropic drug development. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

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