Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: BBI-RIA | Phase: BBI.VC1.R1 | Award Amount: 3.80M | Year: 2015
US4GREENCHEM aims to design a biorefinery concept for the complete valorization of lignocellulosic biomass that is energy- and cost- efficient and based solely on green technologies. The concept combines mechanical pretreatment of the substrate with the aid of ultrasound to overcome its recalcitrance and disrupt inhibitors with mild CO2 hemicellulose degradation and with the enzymatic recovery of sugars and technologies for the valorization of the byproducts released in the process. Aim of the Project - Develop ultrasound (US) pretreatment that effectively disrupts the lignocellulosic matrix. - Further degrade lignocellulose with CO2 technologies to maximize release of sugars as main target products of the process. - Develop purification and conversion strategies for lignin-based products, in order to maximize the material valorization of the biomass components. - Valorize the solid residues of the product for energy. - Optimize the yield and reduce by 50% the cost of enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose fibers. - Test for fermentability of the sugar fraction - Propose effective integration and upscaling to strategies pilot scale through the experienced industrial partners involved in the project. - Perform a thorough analysis of the outcomes of the proposed combination of technologies to evaluate the potential economic and environmental impacts and compare the proposed concept to existing technologies on the market and being currently developed.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-1 | Award Amount: 1.39M | Year: 2009
The proposed project focuses on heavy and heterogeneous soil formations contaminated with heavy hydrocarbons mixtures and intends to develop and provide to the soil remediation market the cost-effective and highly efficient soil remediation technique applied in-situ to remove historical oil contamination and accidentally or intentionally deposited oil. The proposed technique will be applicable to all types of oil (including crude and heavy oil) in different soil profiles and convenient to use in areas difficult to approach. This would be achieved by developing three separate elements based on different bioremediation solutions tailored to meet the specific needs of soil remediation practice and further combining them into integrated technique. The overall three-step treatment or selective treatment elements can be applied on a specific site in order to reach the environmental goals in the most cost-efficient way. The different options for remediation actions will be selected taking into account soils current use and approved future use. The consortium combines know how on ecological biotechnology, environmental research and research on soil and soil structures. Contract research will be performed by a Lithuanian, Spanish and Danish research institutions which provides a unique integration of know how on biologically active compounds, environmental and soil remediation technologies. Application of the SORBENT soil remediation technique will reduce both the clean up time and total costs by 25%. The soil contaminated by oil pollutants remediation market will have a value of over 0.93 billion EUR in 2011 for EU. More than 35% or about 0.33 billion EUR of this market will be covered by in situ techniques. Thus, development of the SORBENT technique has potential savings of over 0.08 billion EUR annually. Such savings could contribute to a reduction of some economic and social problems that are caused by the contamination.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2011-1 | Award Amount: 1.24M | Year: 2011
Currently, different origin waste oils have been used mostly as animal feed, raw material for soap makers, and feed stock for fatty acid production. The existent patents and commercial processes to make fatty acids from waste oils always refers to hydrolysis and acidification steps using strong acids such as sulphuric or hydrochloridic acids, producing a mixture of fatty acids, inorganic salts, water, and other small components such as glycerine or phospholipids. Waste technical fats can provide a raw material basis for the production of surfactants. This amount of waste oil will serve as raw material for obtaining bio-surfactant and ester oils by biotechnological processes. This project Bio-SURFEST will develop two biotechnological processes at semi-industrial scale in order to produce two different classes of bio-products, bio-surfactants and ester oils (non useful for biodiesel production). Bio-surfactants will be produced by fermentative process and ester oils will be produced by enzymatic catalysis. Both biotechnological methods will use as raw materials or feedstock fry waste oil or technical fats. The main goal of the project Bio-SURFEST is to obtain high-value compounds such as bio-surfactants and ester oils from waste oils or technical fats, which represent a low value residue from a great variety of industries like hotels, restaurants, vegetable oil industry, biodiesel producers, etc. The aim of the present project is to determine suitable technical and economical production methods in order to obtain biosurfactants and other bio-products of high added value. Bio-SURFEST is focusing on the biotechnological optimisation of bio-products synthesis, using techniques such as fermentation and enzymatic catalysis. Using this approach, tailor-made bio-products will be obtained, purified and finally tested for their use in different applications.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SME-2013-3 | Award Amount: 1.90M | Year: 2014
There is an increasing understanding that the natural resources should be kept unspoiled, which makes polluted soil and groundwater unacceptable. Therefore, soil contamination is an increasing worldwide problem, which poses severe threats to ecosystem and human health. Through the EU, thousands of sites have been contaminated by previous industrial use, former military sites and other sources of pollution. Despite of different cleaning measures applied, area of contaminated land is constantly increasing as a result of almost all sort of human activities as well as inadequate practices and accidents. The European Commission has acknowledged that soil pollution in the EU is a major issue and currently soil remediation is one of the top priorities of EU environment policy. The successfully implemented SORBENT project (Soil remediation technique for in situ cleaning of soils contaminated with heavy hydrocarbon mixtures, GA No 232533 financed from FP7-SME-2008-1 call) had led to the development of SORBENT integrated technique consisting of 3 individual components (SORBENT system, SORBENT bacterial preparation and phyto-remediation) each based on different remediation solution which has already proved its applicability to all types of oil in different soil profiles and convenient use. It is significantly faster, more efficient and up to 25% reduces the overall soil remediation costs. Despite the many advantages the wide market application is hampered by two main market barriers: insufficient demonstration and verification of the application of novel technique in real life projects and limitations of current polices: the demonstration is needed to ensure documentations and to gin regulatory acceptance of the novel technique. Thus the SORBENT-DEMO project is proposed with the overall objective to carry out the targeted full-scale demonstration of the novel SORBENT technique and to develop the framework to get regulatory acceptance for its use.