News Article | April 22, 2017
Was it wrong for the US Department of Homeland Security to push Twitter to reveal the identity of a user critical of President Donald Trump? That's what the department's inspector general, John Roth, says his agency will try to find out. Roth sent a letter (PDF) Friday to Oregon Sen. Ron Wyden saying the department is conducting an internal investigation into whether a demand sent to Twitter in March by the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection "was improper in any way." The bureau, part of Homeland Security, wanted to know who was behind the Twitter account @ALT_uscis. USCIS is the acronym for United States Citizenship and Immigration Services, also part of Homeland Security. The "ALT" account attacked Trump over his immigration policies. Wyden asked for a probe on April 11 over concerns about free speech. In his letter to Wyden, Roth said his department is committed to honoring the First Amendment. "We strive to ensure that our work does not have a chilling effect on individuals' free speech rights," Roth wrote. Wyden's office posted the letter online. It comes two weeks after Homeland Security dropped its demand when Twitter sued the government agency. Twitter argued that those behind anti-Trump accounts, some admitting they work for the government, risk harassment and retaliation -- and maybe their jobs -- if their identities are revealed. The social network accused the government of violating the First Amendment and political speech rights. The @ALT_uscis account was created around the time Trump issued a January order restricting immigration, which was later blocked by courts. Twitter also said in its suit that the demand and any laws behind it don't apply to its users. Such a demand is typically issued in cases where Customs finds something suspicious with merchandise being imported. Roth and customs officials didn't respond to a request for comment. A Twitter spokeswoman declined to comment.
News Article | May 4, 2017
Minister Umiich Sengebau (1st row, 4th from left) opened the national consultation on Aquatic Biosecurity and Biofouling Management Some thirty participants representing the government (Bureau of Justice: Office of the Attorney General and Division of Fish and Wildlife Protection) Bureau of Agriculture (BOA including the Division of Biosecurity), Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, Environmental Quality Protection Board, Ngatpang State; the private sector (BIOTA, Inc., Coral Reef Research Foundation, Palau Aquaculture Cooperative Association, Palau Conservation Society, Environment, Inc.); and the academe (Palau Community College) met on 28 March during a national consultation held at the Palasia Hotel. The participants deliberated on the draft regulations on aquatic biosecurity and biofouling management, actions that are intended to protect Palau's young and growing aquaculture sector, as well as its exquisite coral reefs and lagoons. Aquaculture is an important source of biological invasions, either because the organisms being raised are aquatic invasive species or because of the presence of hitchhikers in imported shipments. Aquaculture organisms can also carry diseases which can impact the aquaculture industry and may spread to native species. In order to reduce pressures on wild marine fish and other marine organisms of economic importance, the national government has decided to increase aquaculture efforts in both marine and freshwater. While efforts have focused on breeding native fish and shellfish such as groupers, clams and mangrove crabs, there is also pressure to import exotic species, such as tilapia and whiteleg shrimp. Shipping is also a major concern, as it is has caused the global spread of many marine organisms. All groups of marine organisms may be transported through ballast water, while encrusting organisms (e.g. macro-algae, bivalve mollusks, barnacles, bryozoans, sponges and tunicates), can be carried on ships' hulls. Both may result in the introduction and spread of hard-to-eradicate species that prey on or outcompete native species and foul ports, coasts and aquaculture facilities. These invasive species are a serious threat to the pristine marine waters of Palau. In particular, recreational yachts pose a very high risk for hull-fouling organisms, as they are slow moving and may lack the incentives to keep their hulls immaculate. With the support of the United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) through TCP/PLW/3601/C1: Strengthening Biosecurity Capacity of Palau, the BOA and other partners in the marine and aquaculture sectors have been working with a team of experts on aquatic animal health, hull fouling, and database development to support the recently approved Biosecurity Act of 2014 that will protect Palau's aquaculture producers from diseases and other threats to their farms. In opening the national consultation, the Honorable Umiich Sengebau, Minister of Natural Resources, Environment and Tourism, thanked FAO and the participants for supporting this important effort by the BOA to protect Palau's aquaculture industry and our pristine marine environment. "These protections should be adopted and implemented as quickly as possible, and I ask that all here today work together toward this end."There was strong consensus from the participants of the national consultation to support the implementation of the Biosecurity Act of 2014, finalize the draft regulations and submit a position paper that will enable Palau's President and Cabinet to make informed decisions to support Pristine Paradise Palau through a culture of protection and conservation.
Rodushkin I.,Lulea University of Technology |
Engstrom E.,Lulea University of Technology |
Hoogewerff J.,University of East Anglia |
Horn P.,Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich |
And 7 more authors.
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis | Year: 2011
An interlaboratory program designed to assess the feasibility of using multi-element and isotopic measurements for determining the geographic origin of sugars permitted an intercomparison of the performance (in terms of limits of detection, reproducibility and bias) of various analytical techniques: inductively coupled plasma (ICP)-optical emission spectrometry (OES); different variations of ICP-mass spectrometry (MS): quadrupole (QMS), sector-field (SFMS) and multi-collector (MC-ICP-MS); thermal ionization MS (TIMS); and isotope ratio MS (IRMS). These various methods were applied to cane (raw and refined) and beet (refined) sugars from different origins. Concentrations of 63 elements and isotope ratios of Pb, Sr and C in sugar samples are reported. Determining the geographic origin of sugars appears feasible using elemental fingerprinting. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.