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Impellizzeri D.,Messina University | Esposito E.,Messina University | Mazzon E.,Messina University | Mazzon E.,IRCCS Centro Neurolesi Bonino Pulejo | And 9 more authors.
Biochemical Pharmacology | Year: 2012

Several olive oil phenolic compounds, such us oleuropein have attracted considerable attention because of their antioxidant activity, anti-atherosclerotic and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this experimental study was to determine the effect of oleuropein aglycone, a hydrolysis product of oleuropein, in the inflammatory response, in particular in the secondary injury associated with the mouse model of spinal cord trauma. The injury was induced by application of vascular clips to the dura via a four-level T5-T8 laminectomy in mice. Oleuropein aglycone was administered in mice (100 μg/kg, 40 μg/kg, 20 μg/kg, 10% ethanol, i.p.) 1 h and 6 h after the trauma. The treatment with oleuropein aglycone significantly decreased: (1) histological damage, (2) motor recovery, (3) nuclear factor (NF)-κB expression and IKB-α degradation, (4) protein kinase A (PKA) activity and expression, (5) pro-inflammatory cytokines production such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β), 6) inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression, (7) neutrophil infiltration, (8) lipid peroxidation, (9) nitrotyrosine and poly-ADP-ribose (PAR) formation, (10) glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) levels, (11) apoptosis (TUNEL staining, FAS ligand expression, Caspase 3, Bax and Bcl-2 expression). Thus, we propose that olive oil phenolic constituents such as oleuropein aglycone may be useful in the treatment of various inflammatory diseases. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Campolo M.,Messina University | Paola R.D.,Messina University | Impellizzeri D.,Messina University | Crupi R.,Messina University | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Leukocyte Biology | Year: 2013

Dietary olive oil supplementation and more recently, olive oil phenols have been recommended as important therapeutic interventions in preventive medicine. Ole has several pharmacological properties, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiatherogenic, anticancer, antimicrobial, and antiviral and for these reasons, is becoming an important subject of study in recent years. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Ole aglycone on the modulation of the secondary events in mice subjected to intestinal IRI. This was induced in mice by clamping the superior mesenteric artery and the celiac trunk for 30 min, followed by release of the clamp, allowing reperfusion for 1 h. After 60 min of reperfusion, animals were killed for histological examination of the ileum tissue and immunohistochemical localization of proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and IL-1β) and adhesion molecules (ICAM-1 and P-sel); moreover, by Western blot analysis, we investigated the activation of NF-κB and IκBα. In addition, we evaluated the apoptosis process, as shown by TUNEL staining and Bax/Bcl-2 expressions. The results obtained by the histological and molecular examinations showed in Ole aglycone-treated mice, a decrease of inflammation and apoptosis pathway versus SAO-shocked mice. In conclusion, we propose that the olive oil compounds, in particular, the Ole aglycone, could represent a possible treatment against secondary events of intestinal IRI.

Paolucci I.,University of Tuscia | Gaudet M.,University of Tuscia | Jorge V.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Beritognolo I.,University of Tuscia | And 7 more authors.
Tree Genetics and Genomes | Year: 2010

White poplar (Populus alba L.) is native to Eurasia and is unexploited for its growth potential and stress-adaptive mechanisms. A better knowledge of its genome will allow for more effective protection and use of critical genetic resources. The main objective of this study was the construction of highly informative P. alba genetic maps. Two genotypes were selected from contrasting natural Italian populations and crossed to generate an F 1 mapping pedigree. Amplified fragment length polymorphism and simple sequence repeat markers were used to genotype 141 F 1 individuals. The pseudo-testcross strategy was applied for linkage analysis. The generated maps showed good overall colinearity to each other and allowed for a complete alignment with the 19 haploid chromosomes of the Populus genome sequence. The locus that determines sex as a morphological trait was positioned on a non-terminal position of LG XIX of the female parent map. Comparison among Populus species revealed differences in the location of the sex locus on LG XIX as well as inconsistencies in the heterogametic sex. The genetic analysis of the sex locus in P. alba provides insights into sex determination in the genus and is useful for the identification of sex-linked markers and the early assessment of plant gender. Furthermore, these genetic maps will greatly facilitate the study of the genomics of Populus and how it can be exploited in applied breeding programs. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

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