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Parbatipur, Bangladesh

Ford-Powell V.A.,Walk for Life Ponseti | Barker S.,Royal Aberdeen Childrens Hospital | Khan M.S.I.,Clinical Services | Evans A.M.,University of Auckland | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics | Year: 2013

Background: Bangladesh is one of the most populous countries in the world at 160 million with 1/3 existing below the poverty line. With an annual birth rate of approximately 3.2 million, an estimated incidence of 1:900 live births, the country has approximately 5000 new cases of idiopathic congenital talipes equinovarus per annum. The Bangladesh sustainable clubfoot program, Walk for Life (WFL), was conceived to respond to this unmet need. Methods: WFL started in 2009 and has rapidly grown to 35 clinics. Overseas experts initially increased local capacity by training a team of national paramedical staff. Government support enabled integration with the public hospital system and enhanced sustainability. WFL has supplied materials, educational, administrative, and clinical support throughout. All recruited cases underwent Ponseti casting. Demographic, Pirani scores, cast, tenotomy, and bracing data have been prospectively collected from all patients. Detailed review has been undertaken for 1040 patients after 12 months of treatment in 3 divisions of Bangladesh. Results: Between 2009 and 2011, 6069 feet (3922 patients) were recruited to the project. Of these 1643 feet (1040 patients) have completed a minimum of 1-year follow-up. The male:female ratio was 2.7:1 with a mean age of 22 months at presentation (range, 0 to 36). Typical idiopathic congenital talipes equinovarus responded in a median of 5 casts (range, 1 to 25) with 76% undergoing tenotomy. Thirteen percent were atypical feet requiring a median of 5 casts. The percentage of patients missing at the 12-month point was 12%. Two percent of patients experienced complications. Conclusions: The Bangladesh clubfoot program demonstrates that rapid case ascertainment is possible in a developing world setting with appropriate logistical support. The use of local physiotherapists and paramedics yielded good clinical outcomes in an environment with full access to clinical review and ongoing training. A higher than expected number of atypical cases have been noted, requiring modified Ponseti treatment. Complications have been few at this early stage. Copyright © 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Perveen R.,Clinical Services | Evans A.M.,La Trobe University | Evans A.M.,University of Auckland | Ford-Powell V.,Walk for Life Ponseti | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics | Year: 2014

Background: Congenital clubfoot deformity can cause significant disability, and if left untreated, may further impoverish those in developing countries, like Bangladesh. The Ponseti method has been strategically introduced in Bangladesh by a nongovernment organization, Walk For Life (WFL). WFL has provided free treatment for over 8000 Bangladeshi children with clubfeet, sustained by local ownership, and international support. This audit assesses the 2-year results in children for whom treatment began before the age of 3 years.Methods: The 10 largest WFL clinics, of the 24 across Bangladesh, were pragmatically accessed in this audit availing 1442 subjects meeting the study criteria, from which 400 children were randomly selected and examined. A specific assessment tool was developed and validated.Results: Results for 400 cases were returned: 269 males, 131 females. Typical clubfeet comprised 79% of cases, and 55% were bilateral. A tenotomy rate of 79%, and brace use after 2 years of 85%, were notable findings. Functionally, most children could walk independently (99.0%), run (95.5%), squat (93.3%), and manage steps unassisted (93.0%). The ability to squat was the most indicative outcome measure, correlating with: less corrective casts, good and continued brace use, nonvarus heel position, good ankle range of motion, good Bangla clubfoot scores, and the ability to walk. Relapsing deformity was suspected with heel varus (18.0% left; 21.5% right). Parental satisfaction was very high, but cost of 3000 Taka ($US 38.48) was deemed unaffordable by 59%.Conclusions: The outcomes in young children after 2 years of Ponseti treatment for clubfoot deformity showed that 99% were able to walk independently. The assessment tool developed for this study avails ongoing monitoring. Without the patronage of WFL, most of these children would not have had access to treatment, and be unable to walk. Copyright © 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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