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Rugby, United Kingdom

Shave R.,Cardiff Metropolitan University | Oxborough D.,Liverpool John Moores University | Somauroo J.,Countess of Chester Hospital | Feltrer Y.,Zoological Society of London | And 10 more authors.
International Zoo Yearbook | Year: 2014

Cardiac disease has been implicated as a leading cause of death in captive great apes. Trans-thoracic echocardiography provides clinically relevant information that may help differentiate between the myriad of different heart diseases and disorders, guide treatment and aid the management of great apes with underlying cardiac pathology. The purpose of this paper is to provide an outline of the procedures and methodologies required to conduct a thorough trans-thoracic echocardiogram of great apes under general anaesthesia. Basic logistical considerations are discussed before a detailed description of the procedures required for the assessment of overall cardiac structure and function. Using a thorough systematic approach, it is our belief that veterinary professionals may be better able to diagnose, treat and manage captive great apes with, or at risk of developing heart disease. © 2013 The Zoological Society of London. Source

Masters N.,International Zoo Veterinary Group | Niphuis H.,Twycross Zoo | Verschoor E.,Twycross Zoo | Breuer J.,Biomedical Primate Research Center | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine | Year: 2010

A wild-born, 34-yr-old female western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) was transferred between zoologic collections in the United Kingdom. Adjustment to its new environment was difficult and a series of health problems ensued. Progressive severe illness of multiple etiologies, and a failure to respond to multiple therapies, led to its euthanasia 5 mo later. Disease processes included severe thoracic and axillary cutaneous ulceration of T23 dermatome distribution, gastroenteritis, ulcerative stomatitis, emaciation, hind limb weakness or paresis, and decubitus ulcers of the ankles and elbows. Ante- and postmortem infectious disease screening revealed that this animal was not infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, simian varicella virus (SVV), simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), or hepatitis B virus; but was infected with varicella-zoster virus (VZV) and simian T-lymphotropic virus (STLV). It is hypothesized that recrudescence of VZV and other disease processes described were associated with chronic STLV infection and the end of a characteristically long incubation period. Copyright 2010 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. Source

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