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Prato allo Stelvio - Prad am Stilfser Joch, Italy

Smith I.,Breast Unit | Smith I.,Institute of Cancer Research | Pierga J.-Y.,University of Paris Descartes | Biganzoli L.,Tuscany Cancer Institute | And 6 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2011

The ATHENA study expanded on the safety and efficacy data derived from first-line trials of bevacizumab combined with standard chemotherapy for locally recurrent/metastatic breast cancer (LR/mBC). In ATHENA, 2,264 patients received first-line bevacizumabcontaining therapy in routine oncology practice. Overall survival (OS) data are now mature; additional analyses from this large data set can provide insights into treatment duration and the effect of prolonged bevacizumab exposure, where data are currently limited. Patients with HER2- negative LR/mBC received first-line bevacizumab with standard chemotherapy until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or physician/patient decision. We performed subgroup analyses on data from patients treated for ≥12 months and those who continued single-agent bevacizumab after stopping chemotherapy. After median follow-up of 20.1 months, median OS was 25.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 24.0-26.3 months) in the entire population. Median OS was 30.0 months (95% CI 28.5-32.7 months) in 1,205 patients who continued bevacizumab after discontinuation of chemotherapy and 18.4 months (95% CI 17.2-19.7 months) in 1,058 patients who discontinued bevacizumab before or at the same time as stopping chemotherapy. Bevacizumab treatment was continued for ≥12 months in 473 patients (21%). In most, bevacizumab was administered as monotherapy for extended periods after stopping chemotherapy. In the subgroup of patients treated for ≥12 months, the median time to onset of grade 3-5 adverse events was 5.0 months. There was no evidence that first onset of adverse events of special interest, except for proteinuria, was more common in later than earlier cycles. No relationship was detected between development of hypertension and OS. Findings from these analyses suggest that patients with LR/mBC can receive bevacizumab for prolonged periods without major toxicity or progression of disease. In the absence of progression, continuation of single-agent bevacizumab appears to be a reasonable approach, with minimal toxicity and the possibility of long-term disease control. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2011.

Smith I.E.,Institute of Cancer Research | Pierga J.-Y.,University of Paris Descartes | Biganzoli L.,Tuscany Cancer Institute | Cortes-Funes H.,Hospital Universitario 12 Of Octubre | And 16 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2011

Background: First-line bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy significantly improves efficacy versus chemotherapy alone in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer (LR/mBC). This large, open-label study further assesses first-line bevacizumab with taxane-based chemotherapy in routine oncology practice. Patients and methods: Patients with HER2-negative LR/mBC, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of zero to two and no prior chemotherapy for LR/mBC received bevacizumab 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks or 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks plus taxane-based chemotherapy (or other non-anthracycline chemotherapy) until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or patient withdrawal. The primary end point was safety; time to progression (TtP) was a secondary end point. Results: Median follow-up in 2251 treated patients was 12.7 months. Median age was 53 years and 94% of patients had ECOG PS of zero or one. Bevacizumab was most commonly administered with single-agent paclitaxel (35%), single-agent docetaxel (33%) or taxane-based combination therapy (10%). The most frequent grade ≥3 adverse event (AE) was neutropenia (5.4%). Grade ≥3 AEs previously associated with bevacizumab included hypertension (4.4%), arterial/venous thromboembolism (3.2%), proteinuria (1.7%) and bleeding (1.4%). No new bevacizumab safety signals were observed. Median TtP was 9.5 months (95% confidence interval 9.1-9.9). Conclusions: The study population in ATHENA was more representative of general oncology practice than populations enrolled into randomised trials, although there may have been some bias towards younger, fitter patients. The safety and efficacy of bevacizumab-taxane therapy in this large study were consistent with results from randomised first-line trials. © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved.

Barni S.,U.O. Oncologia Medica | Collova E.,Medical Oncology Ospedale Civile di Legnano | Frassoldati A.,Medical Oncology Ospedale Civile di Legnano | Amoroso D.,Tuscany Cancer Institute
Future Oncology | Year: 2015

Background: Increasing age of first pregnancy among Italian women with premenopausal breast cancer makes adjuvant hormonal therapy a hot topic, justifying a survey on the therapeutic approach of Italian oncologists. Materials & methods: From April to July 2012, an 11-item electronic questionnaire was submitted to Italian oncologists and 611 out of 974 invited filled questionnaires were collected from all over Italy. Results: In total, 97.7% of patients aged <40 years needing only hormonal therapy would receive both tamoxifen and luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists (LHRHa); 2.3% tamoxifen or LHRHa alone. For the majority of oncologists LHRHa was also the preferred choice to preserving fertility. Conclusion: Results are rather consistent with major guidelines but with a greater use of LHRHa and aromatase inhibitor. © 2015 Future Medicine Ltd.

Jung E.-J.,University of Houston | Jung E.-J.,Gyeongsang National University | Santarpia L.,Tuscany Cancer Institute | Kim J.,Gyeongsang National University | And 9 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND: Trastuzumab is part of the standard treatment for patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2)-positive breast cancer, but not all patients respond to trastuzumab. Altered microRNA (miR) expression levels in cancer cells have been correlated with prognosis and response to chemotherapy. The authors of this report hypothesized that altered miR expression levels in plasma are associated with sensitivity to trastuzumab in patients with HER-2 positive breast cancer. METHODS: Quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was used to analyze plasma samples, including samples from patients with breast cancer who were enrolled in a clinical trial of neoadjuvant trastuzumab-based chemotherapy. Expression levels of miR-210, miR-21, miR-29a, and miR-126 were analyzed according to the type of response (pathologic complete response [n = 18] vs residual disease [n = 11]). MicroRNA expression levels also were compared in trastuzumab-sensitive and trastuzumab-resistant breast cancer cells derived from BT474 cells and in an independent set of preoperative plasma samples (n = 39) and postoperative plasma samples (n = 30) from 43 breast cancer patients who did not receive any treatment. RESULTS: At baseline before patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with trastuzumab, circulating miR-210 levels were significantly higher in those who had residual disease than in those who achieved a pathologic complete response (P =.0359). The mean expression ratio for miR-210 was significantly higher in trastuzumab-resistant BT474 cells, and miR-210 expression was significantly higher before surgery than after surgery (P =.0297) and in patients whose cancer metastasized to the lymph nodes (P =.0030). CONCLUSIONS: Circulating miR-210 levels were associated with trastuzumab sensitivity, tumor presence, and lymph node metastases. These results suggest that plasma miR-210 may be used to predict and perhaps monitor response to therapies that contain trastuzumab. Cancer 2011;. © 2011 American Cancer Society.

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