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Paccosi S.,University of Florence | Giachi M.,University of Florence | Di Gennaro P.,Tuscan Tumor Institute ITT | Guglielmotti A.,Angelini Research Center | Parenti A.,University of Florence
Cytokine | Year: 2016

Intraglomerular mesangial cells (MCs) maintain structural and functional integrity of renal glomerular microcirculation and homeostasis of mesangial matrix. Following different types of injury, MCs change their phenotype upregulating the expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), changing contractile abilities and increasing the production of matrix proteins, chemokines and cytokines. CCL2 is a chemokine known to be involved in the pathogenesis of renal diseases. Its glomerular upregulation correlates with the extent of renal damage. Bindarit is an indazolic derivative endowed with anti-inflammatory activity when tested in experimental diseases. It selectively inhibits the synthesis of inflammatory C-C chemokines including CCL2, CCL7 and CCL8. This work aims to analyse bindarit effects on ET1-, AngII- and TGFβ-induced mesangial cell dysfunction. Bindarit significantly reduced AngII-, ET1- and TGFβ-induced α-SMA upregulation. In a collagen contraction assay, bindarit reduced AngII-, ET1- and TGFβ-induced HRMC contraction. Within 3-6 h stimulation, vinculin organization and phosphorylation was significantly impaired by bindarit in AngII-, ET1- and TGFβ-stimulated cells without any effect on F-actin distribution. Conversely, p38 phosphorylation was not significantly inhibited by bindarit. Our data strengthen the importance of CCL2 on ET-1, AngII- and TGFβ-induced mesangial cell dysfunction, adding new insights into the cellular mechanisms responsible of bindarit protective effects in human MC dysfunction. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.

Lupia A.,University of Florence | Peppicelli S.,University of Florence | Witort E.,University of Florence | Bianchini F.,University of Florence | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Investigative Dermatology | Year: 2014

The CD63 tetraspanin is highly expressed in the early stages of melanoma and decreases in advanced lesions, suggesting it as a possible suppressor of tumor progression. We employed loss- and gain-of-gene-function approaches to investigate the role of CD63 in melanoma progression and acquisition of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) program. We used two human melanoma cell lines derived from primary tumors and one primary human melanoma cell line isolated from a cutaneous metastasis, differing by levels of CD63 expression. CD63-silenced melanoma cells showed enhanced motility and invasiveness with downregulation of E-cadherin and upregulation of N-cadherin and Snail. In parallel experiments, transient and stable ectopic expression of CD63 resulted in a robust reduction of cell motility, invasiveness, and protease activities, which was proportional to the increase in CD63 protein level. Transfected cells overexpressing the highest level of CD63 when transplanted into immunodeficient mice showed a reduced incidence and rate of tumor growth. Moreover, these cells showed a reduction of N-cadherin, Vimentin, Zeb1, and a-SMA, and a significant resistance to undergo an EMT program both in basal condition and in the following stimulation with TGFβ. Thus, our results establish a previously unreported mechanistic link between the tetraspanin CD63 and EMT abrogation in melanoma. © 2014 The Society for Investigative Dermatology.

Tini P.,Tuscan Tumor Institute ITT | Tini P.,University of Siena | Belmonte G.,Tuscan Tumor Institute ITT | Belmonte G.,University of Siena | And 16 more authors.
BioMed Research International | Year: 2015

Dysregulated EGFR in glioblastoma may inactivate the key autophagy protein Beclin1. Each of high EGFR and low Beclin1 protein expression, independently, has been associated with tumor progression and poor prognosis. High (H) compared to low (L) expression of EGFR and Beclin1 is here correlated with main clinical data in 117 patients after chemo- and radiotherapy. H-EGFR correlated with low Karnofsky performance and worse neurological performance status, higher incidence of synchronous multifocality, poor radiological evidence of response, shorter progression disease-free (PDFS), and overall survival (OS). H-Beclin1 cases showed better Karnofsky performance status, higher incidence of objective response, longer PDFS, and OS. A mutual strengthening effect emerges in correlative power of stratified L-EGFR and H-Beclin1 expression with incidence of radiological response after treatment, unifocal disease, and better prognosis, thus identifying an even longer OS group (30 months median OS compared to 18 months in L-EGFR, 15 months in H-Beclin1, and 11 months in all GBs) (P = 0.0001). Combined L-EGFR + H-Beclin1 expression may represent a biomarker in identifying relatively favorable clinical presentations and prognosis, thus envisaging possible EGFR/Beclin1-targeted therapies. Copyright © 2015 Paolo Tini et al.

Borgognoni L.,Tuscan Tumor Institute ITT | Sestini S.,Tuscan Tumor Institute ITT | Gerlini G.,Tuscan Tumor Institute ITT | Brandani P.,Tuscan Tumor Institute ITT | And 3 more authors.
Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery | Year: 2011

Purpose: To perform an early melanoma diagnosis and to repair the full-thickness lower eyelid defect with an island upper eyelid myocutaneous flap tailored into a new shape. Methods: Two patients with pigmented lesion involving skin and tarsus of the lower eyelid were reported. Histologic examination, performed after diagnostic punch biopsy, confirmed the diagnosis of in situ melanomas in both cases. A full-thickness excision was done and a single pedicle island myocutaneous flap from the upper eyelid was performed. The flap was designed in a blepharoplastic manner and tunnelized to reach the lower eyelid defect. The flap was tailored into a "saddle" shape, doubled, and folded to restore both the internal and external eyelid walls in a single-stage procedure. Results: Good functional and aesthetic results were obtained with no complications. Interestingly enough, the tissue of the internal layer lost the features of skin epithelium due to metaplasia processes and appeared similar to the conjunctiva. After 3 years, no sign of melanoma recurrence was noted. CONCLUSIONS:: Early diagnosis was performed in both reported lower eyelid melanoma cases. For the reconstruction, a modified upper eyelid island myocutaneous flap tailored into a "saddle" shape was used, which had the advantages of being a single-stage procedure and avoiding mucosa grafts. The technique could also be used to repair full-thickness lower eyelid defects from other causes. © 2010 The American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inc.

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